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Maintenance requirement for valine and efficiency of its use above maintenance for accretion of whole body valine and protein in young chicks


Journal of Nutrition 126(7): 1844-1851
Maintenance requirement for valine and efficiency of its use above maintenance for accretion of whole body valine and protein in young chicks
Experiments were conducted with chicks during the period 10-20 d posthatching to assess valine accretion and protein accretion as a function of incremental valine intakes between 5 and 95% of its ideal level (requirement for maximal growth). Chemically defined crystalline amino acid diets were fed, and amino acids other than valine were maintained at minimized excess levels as valine was increased. With dietary valine concentrations representing 5, 10, 40, 55, 70 and 95% of the ideal level, weight gain (r2 = 0.98), protein accretion (r2 = 0.98) and valine accretion (r2 = 0.99) increased linearly (P < 0.01) as a function of valine intake. Slope of the valine accretion curve was 0.73 +/- 0.02, and there was no indication of decreased valine utilization as valine intake increased to 95% of its required level for maximal growth. Using the linear regression equation, i.e., valine accretion (Y) regressed on valine intake (X), the maintenance valine requirement (X at Y zero) was 18.4 mg/d or 48.8 mg/d per kg body weight3/4. Whole body valine was 4.72 g/100 g whole body protein accreted and was constant at all levels of valine intake. At zero protein accretion, however, valine accretion was negative (-3.8 mg/d). Thus, the valine requirement for zero valine accretion (48.8 mg/d per kg(3/4) was higher than the valine requirement for zero protein accretion (32.4 mg/d per kg3/4). In a subsequent experiment, also involving whole body valine and protein accretion, valine doses of 40, 55 and 70% of ideal were compared using amino acid-balanced diets (amino acids other than valine at 55, 70 and 85% of ideal levels, respectively) or imbalanced diets (amino acids other than valine at a constant 100% of their ideal levels). Straight-line (P < 0.01) valine and protein accretion responses occurred, but slope of the response curves (accretion vs. valine intake) was lower in the imbalanced series than in the balanced series. The results of these studies suggest a constant utilization above maintenance of absorbed valine over a wide range of valine intake.

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Accession: 002889048

PMID: 8683346



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