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Malaria situation in Mauritius

, : Malaria situation in Mauritius. Sante 5(6): 371-375

Malaria was considered to be eradicated in Mauritius in 1973, although the vector, Anopheles arabiensis, remained. In 1975 malaria reappeared and the situation deteriorated following cyclones in 1979 and 1980. The maximum number of cases (668) occurred in 1982 with 95% of autochthonous cases due to Plasmodium vivax.

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Related references

Macgregor, M.E., 1924: Report on the Anophelinae of Mauritius, and on certain Aspects of Malaria in the Colony, with Recommendations for a New Anti-malaria Campaign. Though anti-malarial measures have been carried out almost over the whole of Mauritius since Sir Ronald Ross's visit in 1908, much of the work was unfortunately unproductive of useful results. This was partly due to the fact that no definite...

Staub, F., 1973: Actual situation of the Mauritius endemic birds. Bulletin Int Coun Bird Preserv, 11: 226-227

Kirk, J.B., 1934: Malaria in Mauritius. A concise description is given of Mauritius, its topography, climate, population, housing, etc., together with an account of the history of malaria in the Island and the attempts that have been made to control it . At the present time, the disease...

Harrison, C.R., 1944: Control of Malaria in Mauritius. The author gives an outline of his experience in the control of Anophelines and malaria in various countries in order to introduce a programme for their control in Mauritius. The four species of Anopheles occurring in the Island are A, coustani, L...

Dowling, M.A.C., 1953: Control of malaria in Mauritius. Residual spraying with DDT solutions has probably eliminated Anopheles funestus[long dash]the principal malaria vector[long dash]and A. aegypti from the island of Mauritius within the space of a little over 3 years. Residual spraying and the use o...

Anonymous, 1953: MALARIA eradication in mauritius. Lancet 1(6757): 449-449

Dowling, M.A.C., 1952: The malaria eradication scheme in Mauritius. Anopheles funestus was exterminated by house-spraying with DDT. Though A. gambiae continued to breed, despite subsequent use of oil on breeding grounds, malaria is now absent from the island.

Dowling, M.A.C., 1951: Malaria eradication scheme, Mauritius. Nature 167(4237): 67-68

Bruce-Chwatt, L.J.; Bruce-Chwatt, J.M., 1974: Malaria in Mauritius--as dead as the dodo. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 50(10): 1069-1080

Bruce Chwatt, L.J.; Bruce Chwatt, J.M., 1974: Malaria in Mauritius - as dead as the dodo. The history of Mauritius and of malaria on the island is briefly reviewed. The first important outbreaks of malaria occurred in 1858-59, 1862 and 1865 and the first serious epidemic in 1867. Immigrant Indian workers after the abolition of slavery...