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Malaria transmission by Anopheles punctulatus in the highlands of Irian Jaya, Indonesia


, : Malaria transmission by Anopheles punctulatus in the highlands of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 90(1): 29-38

Perennial malaria is a major health problem for most lowland and coastal populations of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. The highlands, however, are generally thought to be free of autochonthous malaria despite the presence of potential vectors up to 2250 m. The authors measured the prevalence of Anopheles punctulatus and A. koliensis during January 1991 to September 1992 in Oksibil, a highland community in Irian Jaya, and their relative contribution to the transmission of malaria. 98% of the 2577 Anopheles from indoor and outdoor human-landing collections were A. punctulatus. 19 (0.75%) of the 2518 A. punctulatus tested were positive when tested for malaria circumsporozoite protein (CSP) by ELISA: nine for Plasmodium vivax-210, six for P. falciparum, three for P. vivax-247, and two for P. malariae. One mosquito was positive for both P. vivax-210 and P. falciparum. All 59 A. koliensis tested were negative. All mosquitoes positive for CSP were from indoor collections, 89% from the main houses and the remaining 11% from the traditional dwellings. Study findings are discussed with respect to highland malaria epidemiology and transmission in Oksibil Valley.

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