EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
52,725,316
Abstracts:
28,411,598
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Malnutrition associated with HIV/AIDS. Part one: definition and scope, epidemiology, and pathophysiology


Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care 8(3): 24-32
Malnutrition associated with HIV/AIDS. Part one: definition and scope, epidemiology, and pathophysiology
A documented association exists between nutritional status and immunologic function, development, and outcome of infectious processes, and treatment-related toxicity and vital organ function. In persons with AIDS, nutritional deficits precipitate a cycle that results in a downward spiral of weight lost, malabsorption, diarrhea, anorexia, body image disturbance, and increased risk for morbidity and mortality. This article presents an overview of the malnutrition in HIV/AIDS patients. It critiques the current Centers for Disease Control's definitions of wasting syndrome, describes the incidence of weight loss, delineates the implications of untreated malnutrition, and traces the etiology of weight loss and contributing factors. This article serves as an introduction to HIV/AIDS related malnutrition. A subsequent article will review nursing implications and clinical management programs.

Accession: 002889539

PMID: 9249667

DOI: 10.1016/s1055-3290(97)80047-7

Download PDF Full Text: Malnutrition associated with HIV/AIDS. Part one: definition and scope, epidemiology, and pathophysiology



Related references

Malnutrition associated with HIV/AIDS. Part One: Definition and scope, epidemiology, and pathophysiology. Journal of the Association of Nurses in Aids Care 8(3): 24-32, 1997

Sarcopenia: definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology. Journal of Bone Metabolism 20(1): 1-10, 2014

Syncope : epidemiology, definition, classification, pathophysiology and prognosis. Herz 39(4): 423-428, 2015

The epidemiology, etiology, and pathophysiology of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis associated with malnutrition. Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice 5(3): 28-41, 2004

Allergic rhinitis: definition, epidemiology, pathophysiology, detection, and diagnosis. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 108(1 Suppl): S2-S8, 2001

Definition, pathophysiology, and epidemiology of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin 36(SUPPL. 1): I/22-I/25, 1999

Epidemiology. New estimates scale back scope of HIV/AIDS epidemic. Science 318(5855): 1360-1361, 2007

A contemporary assessment of nocturia: definition, epidemiology, pathophysiology, and management--a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Urology 62(5): 877-890, 2013

Re: A contemporary assessment of nocturia: definition, epidemiology, pathophysiology, and management--a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Urology 190(3): 973-973, 2013

State of the science: hot flashes and cancer. Part 1: definition, scope, impact, physiology, and measurement. Oncology Nursing Forum 32(5): 959-968, 2005