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Malpighian tubules of larval Aedes aegypti are hormonally stimulated by 5-hydroxytryptamine in response to increased salinity


Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology 34(2): 123-141
Malpighian tubules of larval Aedes aegypti are hormonally stimulated by 5-hydroxytryptamine in response to increased salinity
Two environmental parameters, feeding status and salinity, are expected to affect water and ion balance of the aquatic larvae of Aedes aegypti. Evidence was obtained for regulation of Malpighian tubule fluid secretion rates in response to changes in each of these parameters. Exposure to increased salinity induces release into the hemolymph of material with diuretic effects on Malpighian tubules. Diuretic material is present in hemolymph of larvae raised in higher salinities, rapidly appears in the hemolymph of larvae following transfer from dilute water to higher salinity, and rapidly disappears from the hemolymph following transfer from higher salinity to dilute water. Feeding status affects diuretic properties of both hemolymph and Malpighian tubules. Feeding causes hemolymph to become diuretic relative to hemolymph from nonfeeding larvae. Malpighian tubules removed from feeding larvae have greater basal fluid secretion rates and also appear to have greater maximal fluid secretion capacity than do tubules removed from nonfeeding larvae. Larval hemolymph (5-HT) was found to increase fivefold in response to elevated salinity but was unaffected by feeding status. Methiothepin, a 5-HT receptor antagonist, inhibited stimulation of fluid secretion by 5-HT and blocked the diuretic effects of hemolymph from larvae exposed to higher salinity but was without effect on stimulation of fluid secretion by diuretic peptide. During the course of this investigation, a preliminary pharmacological characterization of the 5-HT receptor on Aedes Malpighian tubules, suggesting that this receptor may be pharmacologically distinct from other described insect 5-HT receptors, was obtained.

Accession: 002889555

DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1520-6327(1997)34:2<123::aid-arch1>3.0.co;2-y

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