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Meadow saffron (Colchicum autumnale L.): a medicinal plant to domesticate

, : Meadow saffron (Colchicum autumnale L.): a medicinal plant to domesticate. Revue Suisse d' Agriculture 27(2): 93-100

The biology of C. autumnale and its potential for cultivation are discussed. The seeds contain a number of alkaloids with medicinal properties. Chemical synthesis of these compounds is not economical and all colchicine and colchicoside are produced from plants. Seeds are generally collected from wild populations, mostly in Turkey and the Balkans, and their quality varies considerably.

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Related references

Kolak, I.; Popovic, D.; Satovic, Z.; Rozic, I., 2001: Meadow saffron (Colchicum autumnale L.). Over-exploitation of meadow saffron (C. autumnale) from the wild has a negative impact on plant genetic resource conservation and could lead to a substantial decrease in genetic diversity. Thus, the organization of field cultivation of meadow saff...

Poutaraud, A.; Girardin, P., 2002: Alkaloids in meadow saffron, Colchicum autumnale L. Changes in the alkaloid content of C. autumnale during growth were studied in France in 1993 and 1994. Harvesting was conducted at Selestat from 27 April to 29 June 1993 and at Illhaeusern and Selestat from 20 April to 22 June 1994. In 1994, 1000-...

Gajic, M., 1977: New forms of meadow saffron Colchicum autumnale L. Glasnik Ser B Bioloske nauke2(32): 5-10

Peumans W.J.; Allen A.K.; Cammue B.P.A., 1986: A new lectin from meadow saffron colchicum autumnale. A lectin has been isolated from tubers of the meadow saffron (Colchicum autumnale). It is an octameric protein (Mr 100,000) composed of 4A- and 4B-subunits of Mr 15,000 and 10,000, respectively. It is a glycoprotein with 4.4% carbohydrate, the mai...

Jaehn, F.P.irsch, E.R.ux, J., 1985: Architecture of the shoot of meadow saffron (Colchicum autumnale L.). Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzen0(2): 303-311

Kamphues, J.; Meyer, H., 1990: Meadow saffron (Colchicum autumnale) in hay and colic in horses. Following feeding of a new delivery of hay (bought in Southern Germany) 3 horses out of a unit of 17 developed colic within a few days one horse died. Post-mortem there was an intensive accumulation of serous or serous-haemorrhagic fluid in the th...

Kuthe, K., 1969: A new possibility for controlling meadow saffron (Colchicum autumnale L.). Reglone (diquat) at 2 l./ha (equivalent to 0.4 kg cation/ha) controlled meadow saffron after the appearance of leaves and capsules within 4 days of treatment and provided marked suppression of the weed the following year without materially affecti...

Santavy, F., 1950: Isolation of new substances from the tuber of the meadow saffron, Colchicum autumnale L. Pharmaceutica Acta Helvetiae 25(7-8): 248-265

Muntean L.; Salontai A.; Botez C.; Cernea S.; Carean V.; Tamas M., 1984: Researches on the vegetative propagation of meadow saffron colchicum autumnale. The influence of planting density and depth of bulb tubers of meadow saffron on seed and colchicine production was studied at Dr. Petru Groza Agronomy Institute of Cluj-Napoca [Romania] in 1980-1983. Referring to density the highest yields were ob...

Poutaraud, A.; Desbiez, C.; Lemaire, O.; Lecoq, H.; Herrbach, E., 2004: Characterisation of a new potyvirus species infecting meadow saffron Colchicum autumnale). The alkaloids contained in Colchicum autumnale seeds are used in numerous medicines. Good quality seeds are difficult to obtain from this undomesticated plant. Therefore, a research program was set up aiming to cultivate C. autumnale in order to i...