Nature and pattern of changes in rural non-farm employment in Haryana

Sardana, P.K.; Veena Manocha; Gangwar, A.C.

Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics 50(3): 417-421

1995


Accession: 002902901

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Abstract
The paper examines the changes in the relative share of non-farm employment (NFE) in total employment, determines growth of non-farm employment, and analyses the determinants of output per worker in Haryana, India. The study is based on data for the period 1970/71-1993/94. The Hoover measure of employment concentration is used in the analysis. Non-farm employment has increased in a majority of the districts. Working capital investment in rural industries providing non-farm employment has increased significantly. Among industries, the growth rate in non-farm employment was highest for food processing industries followed by carpentry, blacksmithing, limestone industry, beekeeping and pottery. The decline in non-farm employment in oil and ghani, and in gur and khandasari activities is due to expansion of oil expellers and establishment of more sugar mills in the state. Output per worker is declining in rural industries, which indicates that they have reached saturation point.