Section 3
Chapter 2,907

Non-enzymic protein induced hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl acyl esters in relation to lipase/esterase assays

Ostdal, H.; Andersen, H.J.

Food Chemistry 55(1): 55-61


ISSN/ISBN: 0308-8146
DOI: 10.1016/0308-8146(95)00094-1
Accession: 002906511

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Protein-induced hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl acyl esters has been studied mainly via the reaction between bovine serum albumin (BSA) and p-nitrophenyl myristate. In the present study BSA caused a large increase in the amount of p-nitrophenol released (measured as increase in absorbance at 410 nm) at pH above 6.5, but at lower pH BSA had only negligible catalytic activity. BSA-catalysed hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl acyl esters increased with temperature (25-80 degree C), concentration of BSA and concentration of p-nitrophenyl acetate. but was virtually unaffected by changes in p-nitrophenyl myristate concentration. The rate of hydrolysis was highest for p-nitrophenyl acyl esters with an acyl moiety of 8-12 carbon atoms at a p-nitrophenyl concentration (0.028 mmol/litre) below critical micelle concentration (CMC) for all p-nitrophenyl acyl esters tested. For a p-nitrophenyl acyl ester concentration (0.28 mmol litre) above CMC (acyl moiety of gtoreq 6 carbon atoms) the rate of hydrolysis decreased with increasing chain length of the acyl moiety. The catalytic effect of BSA decreased with heat treatment (90-95 degree C for 15 min) of the protein solution, but did not disappear. Tween-20 effectively retarded BSA-catalysed hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl myristate, and the effect was dependent on both Tween-20 and BSA concentrations. Free fatty acids displayed a similar but less pronounced inhibitory effect on the hydrolytic reaction. The inhibitory effect increased with the length of the fatty acids (C-4 to C-10).

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