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Nutritional regulation of the activities of lipogenic enzymes of rat liver and brown adipose tissue

Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. C, Journal of Biosciences 51(11-12): 859-869

Nutritional regulation of the activities of lipogenic enzymes of rat liver and brown adipose tissue

Nutrition-induced effects on the activity of enzymes of lipogenesis, fatty acid synthase (FAS: EC, ATP citrate lyase (ACL: EC, malic enzyme (ME; EC, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH: EC and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (PGDH; EC were investigated in liver and interscapular brown adipose tissue (BAT) of rats. The lipogenic enzymes could be grouped into two categories according to their response to dietary manipulations: FAS and ACL, both key enzymes of lipogenesis, responded fast and strongly to dietary manipulations. ME, G6PDH and PGDH, enzymes which also contribute to metabolic pathways other than lipogenesis, responded in a more sustained and less pronounced fashion. Feed deprivation caused the specific activities of lipogenic enzymes to decline several-fold. Refeeding of previously fasted (up to 3 days) animals increased the activities dramatically (10-to 25-fold) to far above pre-fasting levels ("overshoot"). Repetition of the fasting/refeeding regimen increasingly impaired the ability of both tissues to synthesize overshooting enzyme activities in the subsequent refeeding period. The fasting-induced decline of the activities was prevented when sugars were provided to the animals via drinking water. The sugars displayed different effectivities: sucrose = glucose > fructose > maltose > > lactose. Sugars as the sole nutrient after fasting were also able to induce overshooting enzyme activities. Again, activities of FAS and ACL responded in a more pronounced fashion than the other three enzymes. Transition from feeding one diet to feeding a new diet of different composition led to adaptation of the lipogenic enzyme activities to levels characteristic for the new diet. Replacing a low-carbohydrate with a high-carbohydrate diet proceeded with major alterations of enzyme activities. This process of attaining a new level took up to 20 days and involved pronounced oscillations of the specific activities. In contrast, when a high-carbohydrate diet was replaced with another diet. particular one high in fat, transition to new enzyme activities was completed within 2-3 days and proceeded without oscillations. All dietary manipulations caused more pronounced responses in young (35d-old) than in adult (180d-old) animals.

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Accession: 002908689

PMID: 9031527

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