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Oxidation of Imported or Endogenous Carbohydrates by Isolated Chloroplasts from Green Pepper Fruits


Plant Physiology 109(4): 1421-1426
Oxidation of Imported or Endogenous Carbohydrates by Isolated Chloroplasts from Green Pepper Fruits
Recently, we demonstrated that intact chloroplasts isolated from green pepper (Capsicum annum L.) fruits use exogenous glucose-6phosphate (Glc-6-P) as the most efficient precursor for starch biosynthesis (O. Batz, R. Scheibe, H.E. Neuhaus (1995) Planta 196: 50-57). Here we demonstrate that these chloroplasts transport this hexose phosphate in counter-exchange for orthophosphate. By measuring the release of 14CO-2 from (1-14C)Glc-6-P, we show that isolated fruit chloroplasts also use exogenous Glc-6-P as a substrate for the oxidative pentose-phosphate pathway. The rate of decarboxylation appears to be linear with time and is significantly reduced in the presence of Triton X-100, indicating that the reaction is dependent on plastid integrity. Pyruvate has been identified as a positive effector for flux through the oxidative pentose-phosphate pathway. However, the highest rates of Glc-6-P-driven oxidative pentose-phosphate pathway activity are achieved in the presence of nitrite, 2-oxoglutarate, and glutamine, indicating a strong interaction between nitrogen metabolism and this pathway. In addition, we show that carbohydrates liberated during starch mobilization are used as substrates for the oxidative pentose-phosphate pathway. Orthophosphate was found to act as an activator for the observed 14CO-2 release from carbohydrates formerly bound as starch. In this context, we demonstrate that exogenous Glc-6-P competes with endogenous carbohydrates. A possible interaction between exogenous and endogenous carbohydrates is discussed with respect to altered levels of carbohydrates during fruit development.


Accession: 002914079

PMID: 12228678

DOI: 10.2307/4276946



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