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Paclobutrazol reduces insecticide phytotoxicity on salvia

, : Paclobutrazol reduces insecticide phytotoxicity on salvia. Hortscience 29(4): 289-292

Four-week-old salvia (Salvia splendens F. Sellow 'Red Pillar') seedlings were treated with 0 or 50 ppm paclobutrazol, followed 5 h later by 0, 1, 2, or 4 times (0 times , 1 times , 2 times , or 4 times , respectively) the recommended label rate of bendiocarb (0.6 g a.i./liter), a carbamate insecticide. Seven days after treatment (DAT), phytotoxicity ratings increased with bendiocarb rate on all plants, but 50 ppm paclobutrazol reduced damage at 1 times and 4 times bendiocarb. Paclobutrazol also improved plant recovery from phytotoxicity damage at 21 DAT. Bendiocarb decreased the height of plants not treated with paclobutrazol at 7, 14, and 21 DAT. Plants treated with 40 ppm paclobutrazol had lower maximum phytotoxicity damage at 14 DAT, and even better recovery at 21 DAT than plants treated with 20 or 60 ppm paclobutrazol. Plants treated with paclobutrazol 4 days before applying bendiocarb had lower maximum phytotoxicity ratings relative to controls than plants treated 8 days before, the same day as, or 4 days after bendiocarb application. Chemical names used: beta-((4-chlorophenyl)methyl)-alpha-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-H-1,2,4-triazole-1-ethanol (paclobutrazol); 2,2-dimethyl,1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl-methylcarbamate (bendiocarb).

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