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Pancreatic exocrine secretion during the first days after weaning in pigs






Journal of Animal Science 75(5): 1324-1331

Pancreatic exocrine secretion during the first days after weaning in pigs

Feed replacement at weaning plays an important role in the induction of pancreatic maturation. To understand the changes in the exocrine pancreas at weaning and the relation to postweaning problems, we studied the function of the exocrine pancreas and changes of intestinal hemolytic Escherichia coli in four pigs. The pigs were chronically fitted with pancreatic duct catheters and T-shaped cannula inserted into the duodenum for reintroduction of pancreatic juice. One day before weaning (at 30 d of age), pancreatic juice was collected for 1 h before and 1 h after a morning and an evening suckling. The pigs were not creep fed, but from weaning the pigs received a standard weaning diet ad libitum. On d 1, 2, 3, and 5 after weaning, pancreatic juice was collected continuously for the 24-h period. The total pancreatic secretion was measured at hourly intervals, 1.5-mL samples were taken for analysis, and the remaining juice was returned to the animal. On these days, samples from the duodenum, ileum, and rectum were also taken for analyses of hemolytic E. coli. From the day before to 5 d after weaning, a gradual increase in pancreatic secretion was observed concerning volume (P < .001) and protein (P < .01) and trypsin (P < .02) levels. An increase (P < .01) in hemolytic E. coli in the duodenal contents was also documented during this period. We assume that the gradual increase in the measured variables of pancreatic secretion is related to the increasing consumption of solid feed. However, the appearance of E. coli and disappearance of milk components from the gastrointestinal tract could be other factors stimulating the exocrine pancreas.


Accession: 002914842

PMID: 9159280



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