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Properties of Proton Pumping in Response to Blue Light and Fusicoccin in Guard Cell Protoplasts Isolated from Adaxial Epidermis of Vicia Leaves


Properties of Proton Pumping in Response to Blue Light and Fusicoccin in Guard Cell Protoplasts Isolated from Adaxial Epidermis of Vicia Leaves



Plant Physiology 109(1): 187-194



ISSN/ISBN: 0032-0889

PMID: 12228589

DOI: 10.2307/4276789

Guard cell protoplasts (GCPs) were isolated from the adaxial epidermis of Vicia leaves. The properties of isolated adaxial GCPs (ad GCPs) were compared with those of abaxial GCPs (ab GCPs) with respect to H+-pumping activity. A saturating pulse of blue light (200 micromole m-2 s-1, 30 s) induced H+ pumping in both ad GCPs and ab GCPs under red light. The maximum rate of blue-light-dependent H+ pumping was slightly higher in ad GCPs than in ab GCPs, but the magnitude of H+ pumping in ad GCPs was 68% of that in ab GCPs. H+ pumping was responsive to the second pulse, and the rate and magnitude of the pumping increased with the time between two pulses. The periods required to achieve 50% of the maximum rate were 12 and 22 min for ad GCPs and ab GCPs, respectively. The rates of blue-light-dependent H+ pumping were saturable, with half-saturation at 630 micromole m-2 (21 micromole m-2 s-1, 30 s) for ad GCPs and 105 micromole m-2 (3.5 micromole m-2 s-1, 30s) for ab GCPs. In contrast, fusicoccin, an activator of the plasma membrane H+-ATPase, induced H+ pumping with a slightly higher rate in ad GCPs than in abGCPs. Both types of protoplast swelled similarly in response to fusicoccin. These results suggest that ad GCPs have almost the same activity for H+ pumping as ab GCPs, whereas ad GCPs require a larger number of photons to activate the H+ pump than ab GCPs.

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Accession: 002933049

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