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Serologic responses of Brucella abortus strain 19 calfhood-vaccinated cattle following adult vaccination with strain RB51



Serologic responses of Brucella abortus strain 19 calfhood-vaccinated cattle following adult vaccination with strain RB51



Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 8(4): 451-454



This study was designed to determine if Brucella abortus strain RB51, which expresses small amounts of the lipopolysaccharide O side chain, would cause positive responses on brucellosis serologic surveillance tests when given to adult cattle that were vaccinated as calves with B. abortus strain 19. Cattle vaccinated as adults with strain RB51 that had been vaccinated as calves with strain 19 (n = 40) had significantly greater antibody titers (P < 0.05) against strain RB51 at 4 and 8 weeks postvaccination in the dot blot assay than did animals (n = 10) not vaccinated with strain RB51. When evaluated using the card or buffered acid plate agglutination presumptive tests, 7 strain RB51 vaccinates tested positive at either 4 or 8 weeks following vaccination as compared with 4 cattle in the control group that were not vaccinated with strain RB51. One strain RB51 vaccinate was scored as suspect on the standard tube agglutination (STA) test at 8 weeks following vaccination. Remaining samples from strain RB51 vaccinates tested negative on the STA, complement fixation (CF), rivanol, and particle concentration fluorescence immunoassay (PCFIA) confirmatory tests. Samples from 2 control cattle were PCFIA positive at time 0; 1 of these animals was CF positive throughout the study. This study suggests that use of strain RB51 in cattle vaccinated with strain 19 as calves will not cause positive responses on confirmatory tests and will not impair brucellosis serologic surveillance efforts.

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Accession: 002955387

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8953530

DOI: 10.1177/104063879600800408



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