Simultaneous dietary supplementation of sodium cholate and beta-carotene markedly enhances accumulation of beta-carotene in mice

Umegaki, K.; Aoshima, M.; Hirota, S.; Uramoto, H.; Esashi, T.

Journal of Nutrition 125(12): 3081-3086

1995


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3166
PMID: 7500187
Accession: 002957919

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Abstract
This study evaluated whether simultaneous supplementation of sodium cholate and beta-carotene to a diet enhanced the accumulation of beta-carotene in mice. For 2 wk, male ICR mice were fed either a basal diet or a diet containing Dunaliella-bardawil beta-carotene 50 mg/100g that was or was not supplemented with sodium cholate (0.25 g/100 g). The concentrations of beta-carotene in liver and plasma were approximately 5 and 10 times higher, respectively. In the mice fed the beta-carotene diet with sodium cholate than in those fed the beta-carotene diet without sodium cholate. Beta-carotene was not detectable in the liver or plasma of mice fed either basal diet. The concentrations of vitamin E in the plasma and liver of mice fed either beta-carotene diet or the basal diet with sodium cholate were significantly lower than in those fed the basal diet. In a second study, mice were fed a diet containing 50 mg/100 g synthetic beta-carotene supplemented with various concentrations of sodium cholate (0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5 g/100 g) for 2 wk. The concentrations of beta-carotene and vitamin E in plasma, liver and bone marrow cells were higher in mice fed the beta-carotene diet supplemented with 0.05 g/100 g of sodium cholate than in those fed the unsupplemented diet. These findings show that simultaneous supplementation of sodium cholate and beta-carotene to a diet markedly enhances the accumulation of beta-carotene. This dietary protocol may be useful to introduce a high amount of beta-carotene in the tissue of mice in a short period of time.