Structure and expression of two seed-specific cDNA clones encoding stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase from sesame, Sesamum indicum L
Yukawa, Y.; Takaiwa, F.; Shoji, K.; Masuda, K.; Yamada, K.
Plant and Cell Physiology 37(2): 201-205
We have isolated two cDNA clones (CDES01) and 04) encoding stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase (SACPD; EC 188.8.131.52) from immature sesame seeds, and have analyzed accumulation levels of the corresponding mRNAs at different stages and organs in sesame. Clone CDES01 contains an open reading frame coding for a 396-amino acid protein of 45 kDa. CDES04 encodes a partial sequence of 141-amino acids. Deduced amino acid sequences of both clones exhibit a high identity to those of other plant SACPD cDNAs. Northern blots probed with CDES01 and CDES04 indicate that both messages accumulate in a seed-specific manner with a peak at 21 days after anthesis. However, expression patterns also indicate that regulation between CDES01 and CDES04 are slightly different. The CDES01 message accumulates at a low level in young leaves in addition to seeds, whereas accumulation of the RNA transcript corresponding to CDES04 is restricted to seeds. This observation implies the presence of at least two isozymes of SACPD having overlapping but slightly distinct functions in sesame.