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Survival of downy brome (Bromus tectorum) seed in four environments



Survival of downy brome (Bromus tectorum) seed in four environments



Weed Science 45(2): 225-228



Downy brome is one of the most troublesome winter annual weeds in winter wheat-fallow rotations in the central Great Plains. A 3-yr seed burial study was initial to determine how long downy brome seed remained germinable when placed on the soil surface or 2.5 cm deep at four different times in four environments. Only 1 to 7% of the downy brome seed survived after 1 yr on the soil surface in chemical fallow and stubble mulch when deposited in August, but survival varied in September, October, and November. In 1970, a year with low fall and winter precipitation 36 to 46% of the seed placed on the soil surface of chemical fallow in September, October, and November survived, compared with 1 to 8% for stubble mulch tillage. Early spring tillage covered more seed with soil, and downy brome seed survival decreased. When fall and winter precipitation was normal, stubble mulch and chemical fallow had 1 to 20% germinable seed remaining. Induced dormancy existed in some years. More downy brome seed survived when placed on the soil surface of crested wheatgrass sod (14 to 50%) than on smooth brome sod (0 to 36%). No differences existed among environments when downy brome seed was buried 2.5 cm deep. Only 0.4% of downy brome seed buried 2.5 cm survived after 1 yr when averaged across all environments.

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Accession: 002973133

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