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Susceptibility and resistance to diagnostic doses of insecticides on vector and nuisance mosquitoes in Korea



Susceptibility and resistance to diagnostic doses of insecticides on vector and nuisance mosquitoes in Korea



Korean Journal of Entomology 26(3): 249-256



This study was designed from 1993 through 1995 to detect the susceptibility/resistance to WHO's diagnostic doses of insecticides for vector and nuisance mosquitoes collected from U.S. Army Compounds in Pyongtaek and Munsan, Korea. Organophosphates (malathion, temephos, chlorpyrifos, fenthion, fenitrothion), carbamate (propoxur), and pyrethroids (permethrin, resmethrin) were evaluated. This group constitutes the majority of pesticides used on U.S. Army Installations in Korea. Anopheles sinensis, Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Culex pipiens pallens were selected for this tests. Larvae and adults of Culex tritaeniorhynchus showed a high resistance to all the highest diagnostic dose of organophosphate and carbamate insecticides with mortality range of 0.0 apprx 36.0% in Pyongtaek and in Munsan. However, Susceptibility to pyrethroids (resmethrin 0.88 mg/ml) appeared to still be high with 78.9 apprx 81.6% after 1 hour exposure, and 100% mortality rate after 3 hours exposure to permethrin (0.605 mg/ml) in Pyongtaek and Munsan. Anopheles sinensis larvae and adults showed a higher resistance to the same concentrations of the organophosphate and carbamate insecticides than that of Culex tritaeniorhynchus, with 0.0 apprx 5.7% mortality in the areas. Larvae of Culex pipiens pallens showed susceptibility to the same insecticide concentrations with 82.5 apprx 100% mortality rate. However, a low resistance appeared to the concentrations for aduld with a wide range of 1.0 apprx 73.7% mortality in Pyongtaek and Munsan. However, there was greater resistance to pyrethroids with 1.6% apprx 6.25% mortality after 1 hour exposure to the resmethrin (0.88 mg/ml), and with 56.0% apprx 76.6% mortality after 3 hours exposure to the permethrin (0.605 mg/ml).

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Accession: 002973232

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