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Susceptibility testing of yeasts against fluconazole: comparison of the Etest method with microdilution and agar dilution

Susceptibility testing of yeasts against fluconazole: comparison of the Etest method with microdilution and agar dilution

Mycoses 39(Suppl. 2): 31-38

In bacteriology, the Etest has a broad field of application in bacteriology and is recently available for the antimycotics fluconazole and itraconazole. By means of the presence of gradient concentrations of the active substance on the carrier material, it is possible to obtain reproducible MICs of the antimycotic substances. The results of susceptibility testing of 326 clinical yeast isolates with the Etest were compared to those MICs obtained by microdilution and agar dilution. A 100% concordance of the MIC markers (mode-, MIC-50- and MIC-90-value, standard deviation of the mean 109-2-MIC-dilution steps) was given when compared by a +- 1 MIC-dilution step range with microdilution and by +- 2 MIC-dilution steps with agar dilution; species dependent all strains were within 2 times standard deviation of the individual MIC-mean of the species. By comparison of the individual MIC-values maximum differences of +- 6 MIC-dilution steps were obtained, where 70% of all results were within +- 2 NEC-dilution steps, and more than 92% of all strains were within +- 3 MIC-dilution steps. The Pearson's correlation coefficients show a good agreement of the Etest with microdilution (r = 0,92) resp., agar dilution (r = 0,88) demonstrate, however, clearly insufficient correlations (r lt 0.65) to the reference methods, for species with difficult to read Etest inhibition zones (e.g., Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, Candida parapsilosis). The differences between the proposed test methods recommended by the NCCLS and the working group "Clinical Mycology" of the German Speaking Mycological Society (AG-KMYK) are tabled.

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Accession: 002973434

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PMID: 9198742

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