+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Sustainability issues of U.S. swine production

Sustainability issues of U.S. swine production

Journal of Animal Science 74(6): 1410-1417

The incorporation of livestock into agricultural systems ensures a more sustainable agriculture. Sustainable swine production systems are defined as those that combine production and management techniques to enhance profit and improve the ecological and socioeconomic surroundings. Over the long term, the systems should maintain or enhance the environment and resource base, the quality of life for the producers and society as a whole, the profit level of producers, and the quality of pork produced. Swine production in the United States is rapidly changing to fewer and larger production units. At the interface of sustainable agriculture and swine production are several levels of issues. Four levels of issues are the farm, the rural community, the society or consuming public, and the ecosystem or environment. By examining each level, long-term sustainability issues for U.S. swine production emerge. Some of these issues include swine care and husbandry, producer health, management and production systems, access to markets, information, technology and genetics, producer entrance requirements, specialization, manure utilization, industry structure, pork quality and leanness, and the impact of modern intensive systems on the environment, farms, and rural communities. The challenge beyond identifying issues is to incorporate sustainable concepts into profitable, ecologically based swine production systems. Several major groups of issues are discussed, including swine industry structure change issues, access and entrance issues, manure, by-product and nuisance issues, and pork quality issues. Many of these issues can be addressed. The solutions often rely on increased education, management, or technology applications. These processes provide broad opportunities for animal scientists. Examples of current solutions are quality assurance programs, segregated age rearing techniques, educational and promotional commodity programs, manure management programs, phase feeding, diet manipulation to alter manure nutrient concentrations, young producer assistance programs, producer networking, and environmental awareness activities. There are many more opportunities for improving the sustainability of U.S. swine production, when a long-term, issue-oriented viewpoint is maintained.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 002973530

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8791216

DOI: 10.2527/1996.7461410x

Related references

Sustainability issues of US swine production. Journal of Dairy Science 77(SUPPL 1): 149, 1994

Economic and market issues on the sustainability of egg production in the United States: analysis of alternative production systems. Poultry Science 90(1): 241-250, 2011

The issues of sustainability in third world food production. Pakistan Development Review 31(4): 511-534, 1992

Sustainability issues in the industrialization of hog production in the United States. Agricultural restructuring and sustainability: a geographical perspective: 293-311, 1997

Issues of sustainability in animal production and the implications for science: an international perspective. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 54: 181-183, 1994

Sustainability in meat production: The aspect of physiological limits of growth in poultry and swine. Fleischwirtschaft 81(9): 125-128, 2001

What is the value of a sustainability indicator? Economic issues in monitoring and management for sustainability. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 43(3): 239-243, 2003

Rice production potentials and future sustainability issues in the Ganges tidal floodplain of Bangladesh. Integrated management of Ganges flood plains and Sundarbans ecosystem: Proceedings of the National Seminar, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh, 16-18 July, 1994: 195-200, 1998

Identifying sustainability issues using participatory SWOT analysis - a case study of egg production in the Netherlands. Outlook on Agriculture 33(4): 267-276, 2004

Performance of the macrophyte Lemna valdiviana in tertiary pig waste treatment and its contribution to the sustainability of swine production. Biotemas: 1, 17-27, 2008

Impacts of agricultural sustainability from structural change in peanut, poultry, swine, and tobacco production systems. Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education SARE research projects Southern Region, 2001

Issues and technologies for swine production in the 1990s. Research report from the Michigan State University Agricultural Experiment Station East Lansing: (502) 5-17, 1990

Sustainability and production technology: measuring sustainability for agricultural production systems. Sustainability in agricultural and rural development 4, 1998

Swine production issues related to sustainable agriculture. Journal of Animal Science 69(SUPPL 1): 228, 1991

Environmental issues affecting swine and poultry production in Romania. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 208(1-2): FERT 13, 1994