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Sustainability principle in forest management and its development

Sustainability principle in forest management and its development

Lesnictvi 42(3): 136-142

Sustained-yield principle in forest management was formulated in Germany for the first time (Carlowitz, 1719). It was further developed in a more profound way by G. L. Hartig (1808), who formulated it as a single-purpose principle of harvesting (or yield) sustainability. The sustained-yield principle was also expanded to intangible forest benefits in the second half of the 20th century - a principle of multi-purpose forest management sustainability. In the present stage of forest health worldwide worsening the permanence of benefits from forests is not emphasized any longer, and the higher form of sustainable forest management is being adopted. It is apparent that there are trends to achieve so called ecological sustainability of forests, i.e. ecological stability of forest ecosystems.

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