+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Sweepnet-collected invertebrate biomass from high- and low-input agricultural fields in Kansas

Sweepnet-collected invertebrate biomass from high- and low-input agricultural fields in Kansas

Wildlife Society Bulletin 25(1): 133-138

Various forms of low-input sustainable agriculture (LISA) are becoming more common in the Plains States, but little research has been conducted to evaluate the suitability of LISA fields for avian populations, except as nesting habitat. Because invertebrates are the primary food source of many grassland birds, we compared invertebrate biomass associated with LISA to that of conventionally farmed fields, grasslands, pastureland, and fallow fields. Sweepnets were used to collect invertebrate samples from twenty 1.5-ha plots at 2 locations in eastern Kansas. Invertebrates were sorted to order (Orthoptera and Hemiptera to family) and oven dried. Significantly higher biomasses (P lt 0.05) of invertebrates were collected from LISA, fallow, grassland, and pastureland plots than from conventionally farmed fields. invertebrate biomasses varied among different LISA treatments but few responses were significant because of limited replication of treatments and large variances. Two- to nine-fold differences in biomasses of Orthopteran and Hemipteran families were found among treatments. incorporation of LISA into intensive habitat-management programs could be beneficial to avian species relying on invertebrates as a food source.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 002973927

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Vegetation structure and invertebrate biomass of conventional and sustainable sorghum fields in Kansas. Prairie Naturalist 33(1): 1-19, 2001

Belgian carabidological research on high-input agricultural fields and pastures A review. Desender, K , Dufrene, M , Loreau, M , Luff, M L , Maelfait, J -P Series Entomologica (Dordrecht); Carabid beetles: Ecology and evolution 409-415, 1994

Summer avian abundance, invertebrate biomass, and forbs in Kansas CRP. Prairie Naturalist 28(1): 1-12, 1996

Nutrient and energetic characteristics of sweepnet-collected invertebrates. Journal of Field Ornithology 66(1): 44-53, 1995

Invertebrate biomass: Associations with lesser prairie-chicken habitat use and sand sagebrush density in southwestern Kansas. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30(2): 517-526, Summer, 2002

Vegetative and invertebrate community characteristics of conservation reserve program fields relative to gamebirds in western Kansas. American Midland Naturalist 158(2): 243-259, 2007

Vegetative and Invertebrate Community Characteristics of Conservation Reserve Program Fields Relative to Gamebirds In Western Kansas. The American Midland Naturalist 158(2): 243-259, 2007

Prey selection and prey capture strategies of linyphiid spiders in high-input agricultural fields. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 9(9): 300-308, 1994

Invertebrate Biomass in Mowed and Unmowed Fields of Canaan Valley. Southeastern Naturalist 14(Sp7): 252-260, 2015

Insect biodiversity in organic (low input) and conventional (high input) wheat (Triticum aestivum) fields. Pakistan Entomologist 25(1): 49-58, 2003

Epigeal invertebrate fauna of small scale meadows. III. List of invertebrates collected in the survey fields. Miscellaneous Publication of the Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station (3): 51-62, 1983

Nutrient and Energetic Characteristics of Sweepnet-Collected Invertebrates (Caractersticas Nutritivas y Energticas de Invertebrados Colectados a Travs de Redes). Journal of Field Ornithology 66(1): 44-53, 1995

Herbicide transport in runoff from agricultural fields in Kansas. Water and the Future of Kansas Conference, Proceedings 7: 23-24, 1990

Regulation of invertebrate grazers as a means to enhance biomass and nitrogen fixation of cyanophyceae in wetland rice fields. Soil Science Society of America Journal 47(4): 669-675, 1983

Expanding the biomass resource: sustainable oil production via fast pyrolysis of low input high diversity biomass and the potential integration of thermochemical and biological conversion routes. Applied Energy 177: 852-862, 2016