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Swine and ruminant pestiviruses require the same cellular factor to enter bovine cells

Swine and ruminant pestiviruses require the same cellular factor to enter bovine cells

Journal of General Virology 77: 1295-1303

Pestiviruses initiate infection of susceptible cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis. Cellular plasma membrane or endosomal molecules involved in translocation of these viruses into the cytosol have not been unequivocally identified. We reported previously that a mutant cell line derived from Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells, termed CRIB-1, was resistant to infection with bovine viral diarrhoea virus. CRIB-1 cells were also resistant to infection with classical swine fever virus and border disease virus of sheep, suggesting that entry of these three different pestiviruses into bovine cells requires a common cell membrane function. The resistance is pestivirus-specific: CRIB-1 cells were as susceptible as the parental MDBK cells to 14 other viruses of cattle and swine belonging to unrelated families. The resistance of CRIB-1 cells to pestivirus infection involves a block in virus entry since transfection of virus RNA or virus inoculation in the presence of PEG resulted in productive infection. Furthermore, quantitative analyses of the outcome of PEG-mediated infection of CRIB-1 cells indicated that the intracellular milieu was fully permissive for pestivirus replication. Binding studies revealed that virus attachment to CRIB-1 cells was not completely abrogated. These results indicate that entry of pestiviruses into MDBK cells depends on a common plasma membrane or endosomal function, which is lacking in CRIB-1 cells.

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Accession: 002973991

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PMID: 8683219

DOI: 10.1099/0022-1317-77-6-1295

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