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The chemical structure of amylose and amylopectin fractions of starch from tobacco leaves during development and diurnally-nocturnally


Carbohydrate Research 282(2): 247-262
The chemical structure of amylose and amylopectin fractions of starch from tobacco leaves during development and diurnally-nocturnally
Starches, isolated from rapidly expanding tobacco leaves four times during the day and night and once from fully expanded leaves, were fractionated with concanavalin A. From an examination of the amounts and properties of amylose, the diurnal decrease in iodine absorption of the starches on illumination appeared to be due to an increase in its branched character, and possibly the presence of unbranched polymer of low dp, combined with a decrease in the proportion of amylose fraction. The increase in apparent amylose content with age was due to an increase in the proportion of amylose. The amylose fractions at different times had only small differences in average mol size in solution and relative mol wt (M-r near 4 times 10-5) which were lower than those of storage organs. The average mol size in solution and relative mol wt of the amylopectins decreased during illumination, increased in darkness, and were lower (M-r 2-2.7 times 10-6) at all times than those from storage organs. Debranching followed by size-exclusion chromatography (on Fractogel TSK 50(S)) gave similar proportions of long, medium, and short chains for all amylopectin samples, and these proportions differed from those for debranched amylopectin from n-maize seed starch. On debranching and chromatography of the amylopectin beta-limit dextrins (which gives an estimate of the proportions of core chains) differences persisted. Structural characteristics of amylopectin from tobacco leaf starch were similar to those of normal genotypes from storage organs. The proportion of glucosyl units in core chains, the external-to-core chain ratio, and indices of compactness were calculated for a number of (1-4)(1-6) alpha-glucans. A plot of the index of compactness for glycogens and amylopectins showed that the decrease in compactness and the increase in total average chain length that occurs from glycogen to normal and then to amylose extender amylopectins involves a proportionate increase in average internal, external, and core chain lengths and not a selective increase in one type of chain.

Accession: 002980248

PMID: 8901089

DOI: 10.1016/0008-6215(95)00381-9

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