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The concentrations of monoamine metabolites and neuropeptides in the cerebrospinal fluid of obese women with different body fat distribution

, : The concentrations of monoamine metabolites and neuropeptides in the cerebrospinal fluid of obese women with different body fat distribution. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 20(4): 361-368

DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Several studies suggest neuroendocrine abnormalities in, particularly, abdominal, central obesity in humans, a condition with high morbidity and mortality. Therefore the concentrations of neuropeptides and catecholamines in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were analysed in 48 obese women, subdivided into groups with central, abdominal and gluteo-femoral distribution of body fat, utilising the waist-to-hip circumference ratio (WHR) for division. RESULTS: In comparisons with non-obese control women concentration of 5-hydroxyindol acetic acid (5-HIAA), methoxyhydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH), beta-endorphins (END) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) were lower, while homovanillic acid (HVA) was not different in obese women, HIAA, HVA and END correlated negatively with the WHR only in abdominally obese women, suggesting a threshold effect. HIAA vs HVA as well as CRF vs END correlated strongly in the total and both subgroups. An interrelationship between all these four substances was found in abdominal but not in gluteo-femoral obesity, suggesting a tighter functional coupling in the former group. Several correlations were found between CSF substance levels and appetite registrations, including END vs voracious eating, and for carbohydrate craving vs HIAA and vs HVA (negatively). This was also found only in abdominally obese women. CONCLUSION: Although the concentrations of monoamine metabolites and neuropeptides in the CSF sampled at the level of the lumbar spine might not be representative for those at regulatory centers in the brain, the findings suggest that low 5-HIAA is characteristic of human obesity, and coupled to CRH as well as eating abnormalities, particularly in abdominal obesity. Since CRH is regulating the balance between the autonomic nervous systems, insulin secretion and thermogenesis in animals, corresponding anomalies in abdominal obesity in humans may have a central origin.

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Accession: 002980639

PMID: 8680464

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