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The cost of herbicide resistance in white-chicory: ecological implications for its commercial release

Tag. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 91(8): 1301-1308

The cost of herbicide resistance in white-chicory: ecological implications for its commercial release

Applications for the commercial release of herbicide-resistant crops, most of them transgenic, are likely to become more frequent in the coming years. The ecological concerns raised by their large scale use call for risk-assessment studies. One of the major issues in such studies is the relative fitness of the resistant line compared to the susceptible when no herbicide is applied since this will largely determine the long-term fate of the resistance gene outside of the field. Here we report on a comparison of a sulfonylurea-resistant line of white-chicory regenerated from a non-mutagenized cell culture with a supposedly isogenic susceptible biotype. The plants were grown in experimental plots at a range of densities in a replacement series. The reproductive output of the plants decreased with increasing density but no significant difference was found between the two lines for any vegetative or reproductive trait at any density. This suggests that no cost is associated with the mutation causing the resistance and that the resistance gene would not be selected against if it escaped to populations of wild chicories.

Accession: 002980993

PMID: 24170062

DOI: 10.1007/BF00220945

Download PDF Full Text: The cost of herbicide resistance in white-chicory: ecological implications for its commercial release

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