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Utilization of copper in copper proteinate, copper lysine, and cupric sulfate using the rat as an experimental model


Utilization of copper in copper proteinate, copper lysine, and cupric sulfate using the rat as an experimental model



Journal of Animal Science 74(7): 1657-1663



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-8812

PMID: 8818812

DOI: 10.2527/1996.7471657x

One hundred twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats, averaging 108.6 g initial body weight, were used in two feeding experiments to evaluate the utilization of Cu in Cu proteinate, Cu lysine, and cupric sulfate. In Exp. 1, 60 rats were randomly assigned to 12 treatments in a 2 x 2 x 3 factorial arrangement of treatments, with Zn supplementation at 0 or 1000 mg/kg diet, Cu supplementation at 5 or 15 mg/kg diet, and Cu form of CuSO4.5H2O, Cu proteinate, or Cu lysine. The purified basal diet contained .81 mg Cu, 20 mg Zn, and 60 mg Fe/kg diet. Experiment 2 was similar to Exp. 1 except Zn was replaced by Fe. In Exp. 1, feed intake of Cu proteinate (15.74 g/d) and Cu lysine (15.74 g/d) treatments was higher (P < .05) than that of CuSO4 (15.33 g/d). Body weight gain and feed intake were increased by high dietary Cu at either requirement or high levels of dietary Zn (P < .05). There were no differences in feed intake or body weight gain among the treatment groups in Exp. 2 (P > .05). The Cu utilization of Cu proteinate and Cu lysine were higher (P < .05) based on the liver Cu content. The rats fed Cu complexes had a higher liver Fe or Zn content (P < .05) than the rats fed CuSO4, suggesting that Cu complexes are absorbed via another mechanism that differs from that of inorganic Cu and does not interfere with Zn and Fe. Spleen Cu content may be a sensitive indicator of Cu status. High dietary Zn decreased Cu utilization, but this effect was overcome by high dietary Cu.

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Accession: 003007564

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