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An assessment of institutional management's impact on the use of groundwater resource for sustainable agriculture development in Uttar Pradesh

Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics 53(3): 456-464

An assessment of institutional management's impact on the use of groundwater resource for sustainable agriculture development in Uttar Pradesh

Based on secondary data from bulletins and published agricultural statistics for the years 1977/78-1993/94, the paper (1) examines the role of various organizations/institutions in India engaged in groundwater management in terms of groundwater assessment, its development and measures to check its overexploitation and depletion; and (2) to examine the impact of groundwater organization in terms of changes in groundwater use structure, level of water table, depletion and over-exploitation of groundwater and normative demand for water by various crops over a period in four regions of Uttar Pradesh. Results indicate substantial increases in the numbers of private and government tubewells. If this trend continues water supply will not meet demand in Uttar Pradesh. Recommendations to halt this decline in water resources include: groundwater legislation, adoption of water conserving irrigation systems, and a price policy to encourage changes in production structure away from water-requiring crops.

Accession: 003037537

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