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Association between diet knowledge and quality of diets in southern rural elderly



Association between diet knowledge and quality of diets in southern rural elderly



Journal Of Nutrition For The Elderly. 17(1): 5-17



Elderly (n = 1,539) aged 60 and older residing in rural counties of nine southeastern states who volunteered to participate in the study were interviewed. Information collected included socioeconomic information, food intake by 24-hour recall for two non-consecutive days, and questions on diet knowledge, attitudes, and practice. Diet Knowledge Index (DKI) was assessed from the average scores of individual knowledge of dietary fiber, cholesterol/fat, and food group servings. Number of servings of grains/cereals/ breads/pasta, milk/cheese, fruits, and vegetables was significantly higher for those with higher DKI; intakes for many nutrients were greater; and quality of diets was superior for those with higher DKI. Those with higher DKI had higher education and income; and proportions of males, blacks and persons who lived alone decreased as DKI increased. Nutrition education programs should target rural elders with low income and education and who live alone.

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Accession: 003048201

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DOI: 10.1300/j052v17n01_03



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