+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Comparison of lucerne silage and ventilated hay in maize silage-based rations for dairy cows for the production of milk destined for Grana cheese



Comparison of lucerne silage and ventilated hay in maize silage-based rations for dairy cows for the production of milk destined for Grana cheese



Grass and forage science: the journal of the British Grassland Society 54(2): 184-194



Three experiments were carried out to study the effects of feeding lucerne silage (wilted to give different dry-matter (DM) contents) and ventilated hay to dairy cows on milk production, milk quality, milk-renneting properties, clostridial spore content and the quality of cheese prepared from the milk. The lucerne, cut at vegetative or early-bud stages of maturity, was harvested from alternate windrows and conserved as silage or artificially dried hay. The lucerne was wilted until it reached different DM contents of 550, 360 and 432 g kg(-1) in the three experiments, harvested, chopped with a self-loading forage wagon and ensiled in low and narrow clamps made up of transferable prefabricated walls. The organic add content, pH, yeast and mould counts of the lucerne silage suggested that there was no aerobic deterioration. In each experiment, fifty Italian Friesian lactating cows were divided into two groups and fed two maize silage-based rations for 6 weeks, which only differed in the lucerne forage [silage (S) vs. ventilated hay (H)], in a cross-over experimental design. The lucerne in the rations represented 35%, 23% and 24% of the DM of the rations for the three experiments. The microbiological profiles of the ration were influenced more by the maize silage than by the lucerne silage. Individual daily DM intakes were similar for the two treatments in Experiments 1 and 3 (on average 18(.)7 kg in Experiment 1 and 20(.)3 kg in Experiment 3) and slightly lower for S cows in comparison to H cows in Experiment 2 (18(.)0 vs. 19(.)0 kg). Milk yields of S and H cows were 21(.)0 and 20(.)8, 20(.)0 and 20(.)6 (P < 0(.)01), and 28(.)4 and 27(.)9 kg d(-1) in Experiments 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Milk composition was similar for all the experiments for the two treatments, except that the protein content was lower and the fat content was higher in the silage treatment than in the hay. The renneting properties and microbiology of the milk were not influenced by the introduction of lucerne silage into the rations, although the season in which it was consumed had a greater effect on the microbiological content, in terms of standard bacterial counts, proteolytic, coli and lactic add bacteria, and clostridia spores. The clostridial spore counts were always very low (< 400 per litre), thus fulfilling the requirements for top-quality milk for Grana cheese production. In the third experiment, the quality of Grana Padano cheese produced was examined, and no differences between treatments were observed after 12 months of maturation. These results show that lucerne silage can be included in the ration of dairy cows instead of ventilated lucerne hay, which is considered to be the top-quality hay available for the production of milk destined for Grana cheese, without any negative effects on milk and cheese quality.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 003074572

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2494.1999.00168.x


Related references

Comparison between rations with different maize silage contents for milk production for 'Grana Padano' cheese. Zootecnica e Nutrizione Animale 13(3): 244, 1987

A comparison of low starch maize silage and grass silage and the effect of concentrate supplementation of the forages or inclusion of maize grain with the maize silage on milk production by dairy cows. Livestock Production Science 57(2): 95-111, 1999

Effect on silage intake and milk production of incorporating maize silage in dairy cow rations based on grass silage of either average or high energy concentration. Animal Production 52(3): 604, 1991

Effect of rations with maize silage or lucerne haylage on nutrient balances and milk yields of dairy cows and on economics of milk production. Acta zootech. Univ. agric, Nitra., 20: 117-133, 1970

Effect on forage intake and milk production of including maize silage in early or mid lactation in dairy cow rations based on grass silage. Animal Production 52(3): 604, 1991

Comparison of sunflower silage with maize silage and lucerne haylage in diets for high yielding dairy cows. Zhivotnov' dni Nauki 25(6): 3-8, 1988

Manufacture of Grana cheese from milk of cows fed maize silage. Rivista del Latte 30(1): 1-19, 1974

Manufacture of Grana cheese from milk of cows fed maize silage. Annali dell' Istituto Sperimentale Lattiero Caseario 1: 19-37, 1971

Silage and dairy cow production 2. milk yield and composition of cows fed pasture silage supplemented with pasture maize silage and protein concentrates. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 22(4): 523-532, 1979

Value in milk production of rations for dairy cows based on silage or hay. Zivocisna Vyroba. 16: 8, 579-587, 1971

The effect on milk production of replacing grass silage with maize silage in the diet of dairy cows. Livestock Production Science 55(1): 79-87, 1998

Milk production is unaffected by replacing barley or sodium hydroxide wheat with maize cob silage in rations for dairy cows. Animal 8(5): 738-747, 2014

Rations for dairy cows with maize silage as sole roughage and different combination levels of lucerne hay. 1976

Voluntary intake and milk production obtained with maize silage, grass silage, prewilted grass silage and grass hay fed to dairy cows. Revue de l' Agriculture 28(2): 337-355, 1975

Voluntary intake and milk production obtained with maize silage, grass silage, prewilted grass silage and grass hay by dairy cows. 1975