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Effect of amount of sown seeds, time of herb harvesting and fertilization on herb crop and quality of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.)

Effect of amount of sown seeds, time of herb harvesting and fertilization on herb crop and quality of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.)

Herba Polonica 43(2): 135-144

Studies were carried out in Poland during 1994-96 on M. officinalis. There were no significant effects of sowing rate (3.1-7.5 kg/ha), with a 40-cm row spacing, on plant height. A sowing rate of 4.8-7.5 kg/ha gave the maximum herb yield. The beginning of flowering was the best time for harvesting. The highest herb yields were obtained with fertilization at the following rates: 90-120 kg N, 60-80 kg P2O5 and 80-100 kg K2O/ha. The factors investigated had no effect on leaf essential oil content.

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