Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on yield, yield components and water use efficiency of barley in Saudi Arabia

Hussain, Ghulam; Al Jaloud, Ali A.

Agricultural Water Management 36(1): 55-70


ISSN/ISBN: 0378-3774
DOI: 10.1016/s0378-3774(97)00045-0
Accession: 003109256

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Water use efficiency and yield of barley were determined in a field experiment using different irrigation waters with and without nitrogen fertilizer on a sandy to loamy sand soil during 1994-1995 and 1995-1996. Depending upon different fertilizer treatments, the overall mean crop yield ranges for two crop seasons were: greenmatter from 19.48-55.0 Mg ha-1 (well water) and 21.92-66.5 Mg ha-1 (aquaculture effluent); drymatter from 6.86-20.69 Mg ha-1 (well water) and 7.87-20.90 Mg ha-1 (aquaculture effluent); biomass from 4.12-21.31 Mg ha-1 (well water) and 8.10-19.94 Mg ha-1 (aquaculture effluent) and grain yield from 2.12-5.50 Mg ha-1 (well water) and 3.25-7.25 Mg ha-1 (aquaculture effluent). The WUE for grain yield was 3.37-8.74 kg ha-1 mm-1 (well water) and 5.17-11.53 kg ha-1 mm-1 (aquaculture effluent). The WUE for total biomass ranged between 6.55-33.88 kg-1 ha-1 mm-1 (well water) and 12.88-31.70 kg ha-1 mm-1 (aquaculture effluent). The WUE for drymatter was 10.91-32.90 kg ha-1 mm-1 (well water) and 12.51-33.22 kg ha-1 mm-1 (aquaculture effluent). It was found that grain yield and WUE obtained in T-4 and T-5 irrigated with well water and receiving 75 and 100% nitrogen requirements were comparable with T-4 and T-5 irrigated with aquaculture effluent and receiving 0 and 25% nitrogen requirements. In conclusion, application of 100 to 150 kg N ha-1 for well water and up to 50 kg N ha-1 for aquaculture effluent irrigation containing 40 Mg N l-1 would be sufficient to obtain optimum grain yield and higher WUE of barley in Saudi Arabia.