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Biology, Geography & Health: Chapter 3121

Chapter 3121 provides bibliographic information on scholary research in the basic and applied life, earth and health sciences.

Messier, C.; Parent, S.; Bergeron, Y., 1998:
Effects of overstory and understory vegetation on the understory light environment in mixed boreal forests

Kim, N.H.; Day, B.N.; Lim, J.G.; Lee, H.T.; Chung, K.S., 1997:
Effects of oviductal fluid and heparin on fertility and characteristics of porcine spermatozoa

Novo, R.P.; Gama, L.T.; Soares, M.C., 1997:
Effects of oviposition time, hen age, and extra dietary calcium on egg characteristics and hatchability

Wycoff; Hunt; Gonzales; VandenBosch; Layzell; Hirsch, 1998:
Effects of oxygen on nodule physiology and expression of nodulins in alfalfa

Iwabuchi, K.; Nakano, Y., 1999:
Effects of oxygen supply rate and the concentration on composting of dairy manure

Abd E.K.riem, M.A.; Gabr, H.A.; Selem, T.S.T., 1998:
Effects of oxytocin or adrenaline on reproductive performance of New Zealand White male rabbits

Sohlström, A.; Carlsson-Skwirut, C.; Bang, P.; Brismar, K.; Uvnäs-Moberg, K., 1999:
Effects of oxytocin treatment early in pregnancy on fetal growth in ad libitum-fed and food-restricted rats

Lee, J.A.; Caporn, S.J.M.; Carroll, J.; Foot, J.P.; Johnson, D.; Potter, L.; Taylor, A.F.S., 1998:
Effects of ozone and atmospheric nitrogen deposition on bryophytes

Hassan, I.A.; Bender, J.; Weigel, H.J., 1999:
Effects of ozone and drought stress on growth, yield and physiology of tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. Baladey)

Woo SuYoung, 1998:
Effects of ozone environmental stress on growth and stomatal response in the F2 hybrid poplar (Populus trichocarpa x Populus deltoides)

Hummel, R.L.; Brandenburg, R.L.; Heagle, A.S.; Arellano, C., 1998:
Effects of ozone on reproduction of twospotted spider mite (Acari: Tetranychidae) on white clover

Temple, Patrick J., 1998:
Effects of ozone on understory vegetation in the mixed conifer forest

Katayama, K.; Murayama, S.; Bakar, Z.A., 1997:
Effects of pH amendment and fertilizer application on root growth of maize (Zea mays L.) in tropical peat soil

Ribeiro, V.G.; Pasqual, M.; Ramos, J.D.; Oliveira, A.F. de, Jr; Carvalho, G.R., 1997:
Effects of pH and agar on in vitro embryo culture of orange cv. Pera

Kato, H.; Hoshino, K.; Matsukawa, S.; Hirai, H.; Zhu Xu, 1999:
Effects of pH and aluminum concentration on the form of aluminum species in soil solution

Dirilgen, Neylan, 1998:
Effects of pH and chelator EDTA on Cr toxicity and accumulation in Lemna minor

Darland, J.E.; Inskeep, W.P., 1997:
Effects of pH and phosphate competition on the transport of arsenate

Serrano Moyano, B.; Garzon Sigler, A.I.; Figueroa Sanchez, A.; Martinez Hens, J., 1999:
Effects of pH and somatic cell count on the chemical characteristics of milk and the milk yield of Merino ewes

Inoue, K.; Omori, Y.; Kondo, S.; Yokota, H., 1997:
Effects of pH level of L-ascorbic acid solution and soaking at various growth stages on the leaf exogenous ascorbic acid content of lettuce and Japanese bunching onion

Underhay, J.R.; Burka, J.F., 1997:
Effects of pH on contractility of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) intestinal muscle in vitro

Ryser, E.T.; Arimi, S.M.; Donnelly, C.W., 1997:
Effects of pH on distribution of Listeria ribotypes in corn, hay, and grass silage

Degerli, S.; Ozcelik, S., 1998:
Effects of pH on the growth of Leishmania promastigotes in different culture media

Sonneveld, C.; Voogt, W., 1997:
Effects of pH value and Mn application on yield and nutrient absorption with rockwool grown gerbera

Tseng,; Chiou, J.H.a; Shyu, C.Z.n; Chou, S.C.iang; Liao, I.C.iu, 1996:
Effects of pH value and hydraulic retention time on ammonia removal efficiency of a submerged biofilter in a recirculating eel culture system

Lochte-Watson, K.; Payne, F.; Gates, R.; Hicks, C., 1998:
Effects of pH, protein, fat, and calcium on diffuse reflectance of milk

Kang HoMin; Park KuenWoo, 1999:
Effects of packaging methods and handling temperatures on postharvest quality during storage of cucumber

Ahn GwiYeon, 1997:
Effects of packing materials and transportation time on quality of cut rose 'Mary de Vor'

Chi, J.H.un; Ha, T.M.on; Kim, Y.H., 1998:
Effects of packing materials for the keeping freshness of Pleurotus ostreatus and Flammulina velutipes

Guo YanPing; L.J.aRui, 1998:
Effects of paclobutrazol (PP333) on ethylene production, endogenous IAA contents and peroxidase activities and their interrelationships in kiwi plantlets in vitro

Wei JiaChuan; Zhang HuiYing; Zheng BiLan, 1999:
Effects of paclobutrazol and choline chloride on the growth of banana plantlets in vitro

Resende, G.M. de; Costa, N.D.; Melo, N.F. de; Souza, R.J. de, 1999:
Effects of paclobutrazol concentrations and periods of immersion on a garlic crop

Isoda, A.; Nakazato, H.; Nojima, H.; Takasaki, Y., 1999:
Effects of paclobutrazol on dry matter distribution and canopy structure in groundnuts

Karaguzel, O., 1999:
Effects of paclobutrazol on growth and flowering of Bougainvillea spectabilis WILLD

Blanco, A.; Monge, E.; Val, J., 1998:
Effects of paclobutrazol on stomatal size and density in peach leaves

L.M.ngJun; Zhang GenFa, 1999:
Effects of paclobutrazol on the morphology, structure, and chlorophyll content of regenerated plantlets of maize

Abdel-Hafez, A.A.; Meselhy, M.R.; Nakamura, N.; Hattori, M.; Watanabe, H.; Murakami, Y.; El-Gendy, M.A.; Mahfouz, N.M.; Mohamed, T.A., 1998:
Effects of paeoniflorin derivatives on scopolamine-induced amnesia using a passive avoidance task in mice; structure-activity relationship

Korhonen, H.; Niemela, P., 1999:
Effects of pantothenic acid derivates on welfare and production-related variables in blue foxes

Marzio, W.D. di; Alberdi, J.L.; Saenz, M.E.; Tortorelli, M. del C., 1998:
Effects of paraquat (OsaquatReg. formulation) on survival and total cholinesterase activity in male and female adults of Cnesterodon decemmaculatus (Pisces, Poeciliidae)

L.Ling, 1998:
Effects of paraquat and sodium benzoate on calluses of two maize cultivars with different drought resistance under osmotic stress

Holopainen, I.J.; Lamberg, S.; Valtonen, E.T.llervo; Rantanen, J., 1997:
Effects of parasites on life history of the freshwater bivalve, Pisidium amnicum, in eastern Finland

Lumaret, J.P.; Kadiri, N., 1998:
Effects of parasiticides on the entomological fauna of pastures

Martins, M.L.; Romero, N.C., 1996:
Effects of parasitism on the branchial tissue of cultured fishes: parasitological and histopathological study

Chenot, A.B.; Raffa, K.F., 1998:
Effects of parasitoid strain and host instar on the interaction of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki with the gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) larval parasitoid Cotesia melanoscela (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

Iwamoto, H.; Katoh, F.; Gotoh, T.; Nishimura, S.; Ono, Y.; Nishio, Y.; Fukuhara, E.; Murakami, T., 1999:
Effects of parent Shamo cocks on the histochemical properties of M. iliotibialis lateralis and M. supracoracoideus on their crossbred broilers

Susic, Z., 1998:
Effects of parental germplasm on inheriting the characteristics of F1 generation of tomato hybrids

Jin, D.; Phillips, M.; Byles, J.E., 1999:
Effects of parenteral nutrition support and chemotherapy on the phasic composition of tumor cells in gastrointestinal cancer

Okeyo, A.M.; Mosi, R.O.; Langat, L.K.I., 1998:
Effects of parity and previous parous status on reproductive and productive performance of Kenya Boran cows

Zhu ZhuJun; Joska, G.; Burkhard, S., 1998:
Effects of partial replacement of NO3- by urea or Cl- on the growth and nitrate content in pak-choi

Sihag, S.S.; Rose, M.K.; Nangia, O.P.; Garg, S.K., 1998:
Effects of partial water restriction and subsequent rehydration on physiological parameters and body fluid compartments in buffalo calves

Bocquier, F.; Aurel, M.R.; Barillet, F.; Jacquin, M.; Lagriffoul, G.; Marie, C., 1999:
Effects of partial-milking during the suckling period on milk production of Lacaune dairy ewes

Oku, T.; Nakamura, S.; Okazaki, M., 1998:
Effects of partially hydrolyzed sodium alginic acid on defecation and fecal conditions

Secrist, D.S.; Hill, W.J.; Owens, F.N.; Strasia, C.A.; Gill, D.R.; Duggan, J.B., 1996:
Effects of particle size and distribution of high moisture corn on performance and carcass characteristics of feedlot steers

Secrist, D.S.; Hill, W.J.; Owens, F.N.; Strasia, C.A.; Gill, D.R.; Duggan, J.B., 1996:
Effects of particle size and distribution of high moisture corn on ruminal fermentation

Sun MoLong; Xiao ShengLing; Yang XueChun; Xia KeXin; Guo QingXi, 1999:
Effects of passing trips of skidding vehicles on the physical properties of soil on cutting sites in Xiaoxing'anling forest region

Ispikoudis, I.; Kakouros, P.; Arianoutsou, M.; Papanastasis, V.P., 1999:
Effects of pastoral activities on woody-plant community distribution and landscape diversity in western Crete

Steen, R.W.J.; Kilpatrick, D.J., 1998:
Effects of pasture grazing or storage feeding and concentrate input between 5.5 and 11 months of age on the performance and carcass composition of bulls and on subsequent growth and carcass composition at 620 kg live weight

Simon, M.; Ibrahim, M.; Finegan, B.; Pezo, D., 1998:
Effects of pasturing cattle on the regeneration of three commercial tree species of the Argentine Chaco: a method of protection

England, S.; Evans, E.W., 1997:
Effects of pea aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) honeydew on longevity and fecundity of the alfalfa weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) parasitoid Bathyplectes curculionis (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)

Zhu BaoGe; L.Z.Xian; Geng YuXuan; Deng XiangDong; G.A.Qiu, 1997:
Effects of peanut character variations induced by EMS and breeding of high yielding mutant strains

Luo ShengGuo; Liu ShiYong;; Cui ZhengZhong; Zhou LianRen; G.S.Yu, 1998:
Effects of peat extract on crop yields

Tamura, M.; Suzuki, H., 1997:
Effects of pectin on jejunal and ileal morphology and ultrastructure in adult mice

Berton, R.S.; Valadares, J.M.A.S.; Camargo, O.A. de; Bataglia, O.C., 1997:
Effects of pelleting of sewage sludge and addition of CaCO3 on dry matter production and uptake of Zn, Cu and Ni by maize on three Latosols

Pokniak, J.; Cornejo, S.; Galleguillos, C.; Larrain, C.; Battaglia, J., 1999:
Effects of pelletisation or extrusion of the fattening diet on production performance of pan size rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Prawl, Z.I.; Owens, F.N.; Gill, D.R., 1998:
Effects of pen size or housing on performance and carcass characteristics of feedlot steers

Tan YanBang; Chen SuChun, 1997:
Effects of penicillin on the chilling resistance of early rice seedlings under controlled low temperature conditions

Cerda, F.; Godoy, F.; Garcia, A.; Aranda, C.; Martinez, M., 1997:
Effects of pentachlorophenol upon the expression of outer membrane proteins, and role of exopolysaccharide and lipopolysaccharide in the tolerance of Pseudomonas fluorescens to this compound

Basselin, M.; Badet-Denisot, M.A.; Lawrence, F.; Robert-Gero, M., 1997:
Effects of pentamidine on polyamine level and biosynthesis in wild-type, pentamidine-treated, and pentamidine-resistant Leishmania

Xing TingXian; Tan ZhiLiang; Chen HuiPing; Fan ShuTian; Wang HuiPeng, 1997:
Effects of pentosan in rice bran on animal performance and its enzyme mechanism

Barton, M.H.; Moore, J.N.; Norton, N., 1997:
Effects of pentoxifylline infusion on response of horses to in vivo challenge exposure with endotoxin

Nagasawa, H.; Sato, K.; Kanazawa, A.; Fujimoto, K.; Nakamura, T.; Mizuguchi, T.; Handa, H., 1997:
Effects of perilla and fish oils on the acute stage of ulcerative colitis in rats induced by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid

Dande, K.; Bogenfurst, F., 1997:
Effects of periodic egg cooling and storage on the hatchability of goose eggs

Miller, F.; Crowley, W., 1998:
Effects of periodical cicada ovipositional injury on woody plants

Ishizaki, H.; Kariya, Y., 1999:
Effects of peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocyte function and blood components in Japanese black steers administered ACTH in a cold environment

Dietrich, D.R.; Schmid, P.; Zweifel, U.; Schlatter, C., 1996:
Effects of permethrin on the fauna of the river Goldach, assessed via residue analysis in sediment, algae and snails

Holtenius, K.; Holtenius, P., 1997:
Effects of peroral alanine administration in lactating ewes with decreased availability of glucose

Lautenschlager, R.A., 1997:
Effects of perturbations and stimulants on red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) seed germination

Gallandt, E.R.; Liebman, M.; Corson, S.; Porter, G.A.; Ullrich, S.D., 1998:
Effects of pest and soil management systems on weed dynamics in potato

Ozawa, A.; Saito, T.; Ikeda, F., 1998:
Effects of pesticides on Diglyphus isaea (Walker) and Dacnusa sibirica Telenga, parasitoids of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)

Lambert, M.R.K., 1997:
Effects of pesticides on amphibians and reptiles in sub-Saharan Africa

Cilgi, T., 1997:
Effects of pesticides on arthropod natural enemies

Roy, S.; Ojha, P.K.; Ojha, K.L.; Pathak, K.N.; Upadhyay, J.P., 1998:
Effects of pesticides on disease intensity of banana wilt complexes

Blus, Lawrence J., 1996:
Effects of pesticides on owls in North America

Walton, V.M.; Pringle, K.L., 1999:
Effects of pesticides used on table grapes on the mealybug parasitoid Coccidoxenoides peregrinus (Timberlake) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae)

Gaskill, C.L.; Burton, S.A.; Gelens, H.C.; Ihle, S.L.; Miller, J.B.; Shaw, D.H.; Brimacombe, M.B.; Cribb, A.E., 1999:
Effects of phenobarbital treatment on serum thyroxine and thyroid-stimulating hormone concentrations in epileptic dogs

O'-Connell, J.; Fox, P., 1999:
Effects of phenolic compounds on the heat stability of milk and concentrated milk

Jin BangQuan; Zhu QingYu; Huang Jin; Q.M.i; L.Y.Hua, 1998:
Effects of phenylethylamine on adipose metabolism and skeletal muscle hypertrophy in pigs

Knutson, A.E.; Harris, M.K.; Millar, J.G., 1998:
Effects of pheromone dose, lure age, and trap design on capture of male pecan nut casebearer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in pheromone-baited traps

Becker, K.; Makkar, H.P., 1998:
Effects of phorbol esters in carp (Cyprinus carpio L)

Kamble, B.M.; Mohite, A.V., 1996:
Effects of phosphate and biophos culture inoculation on nutrients concentration, quality of groundnut and yield of subsequent wheat crop

Lewis, D.C.; Hindell, R.P.; Hunter, J., 1997:
Effects of phosphate rock products on soil pH

Song,; Jiao, X.Z.i; Li, L.; Yan,, 1998:
Effects of phosphate starvation on growth state and phosphorus uptake of tomato seedlings

Soh, T.; Koga, O., 1999:
Effects of phosphate, prostaglandins, arachidonic acid and arginine vasotocin on oviposition and pigment secretion from the shell gland in Japanese quail

Shimada, M.; Idris Anas, M.K.; Terada, T., 1998:
Effects of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitors, wortmannin and LY294002, on germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) in porcine oocytes

Silber, A.; Ganmore Neumann, R.; Ben Jaacov, J.; Ackerman, A., 1997:
Effects of phosphorus and nitrogen concentration on Leucadendron 'Safari Sunset' development

Scheiner, J.D.; Alvarez Renzi, D.F.; Lavado, R.S.; Torri, S.I., 1997:
Effects of phosphorus and nitrogen fertilization on soyabean in mid-west Buenos Aires Province (Argentina)

Khaliq, A.; Sanders, F.E., 1997:
Effects of phosphorus application and vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation on the growth and phosphorus nutrition of maize

Muleba, N.C.ulibaly, M., 1999:
Effects of phosphorus fertilizer sources on cowpea and subsequent cereal crop productivity in semi-arid West Africa

Hernandez, C.; Devani, M.; Morandini, M.; Ledesma, F.; Bustos, V., 1997:
Effects of phosphorus fertilizers applied at sowing of soyabeans

Helander, E.; Partanen, K., 1997:
Effects of phosphorus level and microbial phytase supplementation on the performance and bone mineralization in pigs

Anonymous, 1999:
Effects of phosphorus on nitrogen fixation

A.Karaki, G.N., 1996 :
Effects of phosphorus, Rhizobium and sitona weevil control on seed growth, nodulation and yield of lentil under Mediterranean rainfed conditions

M.G.oHua; L.W.nXiong, 1999:
Effects of photo-thermal interaction on spikelet formation in spring wheats

Hiltermann, T.J.; de Bruijne, C.R.; Stolk, J.; Zwinderman, A.H.; Spieksma, F.T.; Roemer, W.; Steerenberg, P.A.; Fischer, P.H.; van Bree, L.; Hiemstra, P.S., 1997:
Effects of photochemical air pollution and allergen exposure on upper respiratory tract inflammation in asthmatics

Kuo, W.S., 1999:
Effects of photolytic ozonation on biodegradability and toxicity of industrial wastewater

Plummer, J.A.; Wann, J.M.; Orifici, R.; Spadek, Z.E., 1998:
Effects of photon flux density on photosynthesis, growth, flowering, and oil content in Boronia

Pascale, S. de; Napoli, G. di, 1998:
Effects of photoperiod and GA3 on flowering of godetia

Yang, J.; Long, D.W.; Inpanbutr, N.; Bacon, W.L., 1998:
Effects of photoperiod and age on secretory patterns of luteinizing hormone and testosterone and semen production in male domestic turkeys

Pascale, S. de; Scognamiglio, D., 1998:
Effects of photoperiod and gibberellic acid on Ranunculus asiaticus

Wiseman, N.J.; Turnbull, C.G.N., 1999:
Effects of photoperiod and paclobutrazol on growth dynamics of petioles in strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa)

Blumenthal, M.; Harris, C., 1998:
Effects of photoperiod and temperature on shoot, root and rhizome growth in three Lotus uliginosus Schkuhr populations

Yoshida, Y.; Kanahama, K., 1999:
Effects of photoperiod and temperature on the development of spikes and new tubers in Chinese yam (Dioscorea opposita Thunb. cv. Ichoimo)

Partanen, J.; Koski, V.; Hanninen, H., 1998:
Effects of photoperiod and temperature on the timing of bud burst in Norway spruce (Picea abies)

Ohto, K., 1996:
Effects of photoperiod on the adult diapause in the alfalfa weevil, Hypera postica (Gyllenhal) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Tanaka, T.; Ito, K.; Tanida, H.; Yoshimoto, T., 1997:
Effects of photoperiods on the reproductive performance of sows

Robinson, F.E.; Renema, R.A.; Bouvier, L.; Feddes, J.J.R.; Wilson, J.L.; Newcombe, M.; McKay, R.I., 1998:
Effects of photostimulatory lighting and feed allocation in female broiler breeders. 1. Reproductive development

Robinson, F.E.; Renema, R.A.; Bouvier, L.; Feddes, J.J.R.; Zuidhof, M.J.; Wilson, J.L.; Newcombe, M.; McKay, R.I., 1998:
Effects of photostimulatory lighting and feed allocation in female broiler breeders. 2. Egg and chick production characteristics

Dippel, C.; Hilker, M., 1998:
Effects of physical and chemical signals on host foraging behavior of Drino inconspicua (Diptera: Tachinidae), a generalist parasitoid

Kim, Y.B.; Lee, J.B.; Sung, K.S.; Lee, N.H., 1998:
Effects of physical processing on protein content and pepsin-digestibility of feather meals

Ferguson, M.A.; Gutin, B.; Owens, S.; Barbeau, P.; Tracy, R.P.; Litaker, M., 1999:
Effects of physical training and its cessation on the hemostatic system of obese children

Vanhala, P., 1999:
Effects of physical weed control on carrot and onion quality

Nurindah.; Cribb, B.W.; Gordh, G., 1999:
Effects of physiological condition and experience on oviposition behaviour of Trichogramma australicum Girault (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) on eggs of Helicoverpa armigera Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Woods, R.; Hindell, M.; Slip, D.J., 1989:
Effects of physiological state on duration of sedation in southern elephant seals

Can, N.D.y; Nakamura, S.; Haryanto, T.A.ung Dwi; Yoshida, T., 1998:
Effects of physiological status of parent plants and culture medium composition on the anther culture of sorghum

Zhang RuoHan; Zhang Ying, 1997:
Effects of phytase on laying performances of breeder hens and their egg hatchability

Vetési, M.; Mézes, M.; Baskay, G.; Gelencsér, E., 1998:
Effects of phytase supplementation on calcium and phosphorus output, production traits and mechanical stability of the tibia in broiler chickens

Fukui, K.; Kuwata, G.; Imai, M., 1997:
Effects of phytate removal from soya protein on calcium, magnesium and zinc absorption of rats

Anderson, J.J.; Anthony, M.; Messina, M.; Garne, S.C., 1999:
Effects of phyto-oestrogens on tissues

Chi DeFu; Shao JingWen; Sun Fan; Wang ChunYan; M.Y.Jie; Zhou ZhiYong, 1997:
Effects of phytoecdysones from Ajuga plants on the nymphs of pests with piercing-sucking mouthparts and their natural enemies

Huang XuMing; Huang HuiBai; Wang HuiCong; Gao FeiFei, 1998:
Effects of phytotron-simulated typhoon weather on the expansion growth and physiology of citrus fruits

Matos, A.T. de; Sediyama, M.A.N.; Paiva Freitas, S. de; Vidigal, S.M.; Garcia, N.C.P., 1997:
Effects of pig slurry application on soil chemical and microbiological characteristics

Zhou DaoSan; Jin DePu; Wei RuYi; L.G.iZhi; Xie JinHua, 1997:
Effects of pigsty with plastic coverage on farrowing and nursing performance of sows

Chung YeongJin; Lee JoonHo; Lee BuomYoung, 1997:
Effects of pine needle gall midge, Thecodiplosis japonensis Uchida et Inouye (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), infestation on the shoot and needle growth of Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc

Uchida, T.; Kosugi, K.; Mizuyama, T., 1998:
Effects of pipeflow on water discharge from mountainous watershed

Luleyap, U.; Kasap, H., 1996:
Effects of pirimiphos-methyl on the ATPase activity of Anopheles sacharovi fat body

S.D.Chun; Ren ChunLing; Wang XingRen, 1998:
Effects of placement of P2O5 fertilizer under different soil moisture conditions on growth and nutrient uptake of wheat

Auldist, M.J.; Mackle, T.R.; Hill, J.P.; Prosser, C.G., 1997:
Effects of plane of nutrition on the composition of milk from cows of different beta -lactoglobulin phenotype

Hwang, S.F.; Gaudet, D.A., 1999:
Effects of plant age and late-season hardening on development of resistance to winter crown rot in first-year sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia)

Singburaudom, N.; Chaudhary, R.N.; Sommartya, T.; Sarobol, E., 1998:
Effects of plant age on symptom development produced by Pyricularia oryzae toxin

Dong XiangLi; Gao XiWu; Zheng BingZong, 1998:
Effects of plant allelochemicals on the glutathione-S-transferase and acetylcholinesterase in Helicoverpa armigera

Kaenel, B.R.; Uehlinger, U., 1998:
Effects of plant cutting and dredging on habitat conditions in streams

E.D.soky, M.A.; E.F.r, I.A., 1996:
Effects of plant density and NPK fertilization on two soybean cultivars grown on a clay soil

Rumpel, J.; Felczynski, K., 1997:
Effects of plant density and cultivar on yield responses in onions (Allium cepa L.) grown from seeds

Mazaheri, D.; Akbary, G.A., 1998:
Effects of plant density and different amounts of nitrogen and potassium fertilizer on vegetative growth and forage yield of maize

Jovin, P.; Veskovic, M., 1997:
Effects of plant density and mineral fertilizer application rate on yield and seed number in seed maize

Kim, J.G.; Chung, E.S.; Seo, S.; Kang, W.S.; Yang, J.S.; Cho, Y.M., 1998:
Effects of plant density on forage yield and quality of corn

W.F.iBo; Jin ZhuQun, 1996:
Effects of plant density on physiology and yield of short-season cotton Zhe 506 (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

Kulaz, H.; Ciftci, V., 1999:
Effects of plant density on the yield and yield components of chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) in Van

Nogueira, C.C.P.; Pereira, J.A., 1997:
Effects of plant density on three sowing systems for irrigated rice in lower Parnaiba

Hu, F.D.; Jones, R.J., 1997:
Effects of plant extracts of Bothriochloa pertusa and Urochloa mosambicensis on seed germination and seedling growth of Stylosanthes hamata cv. Verano and Stylosanthes scabra cv. Seca

Cheng YuFu; L.L.angJun; Zhao YouWei; Zhang WeiPing, 1998:
Effects of plant growth regulators and cool storage on growth and development of garlic (Allium sativum L.)

Li, L.; Van Staden, J., 1998:
Effects of plant growth regulators on drought resistance of two maize cultivars

Leitch, M.H.; Kurt, O., 1999:
Effects of plant growth regulators on stem extension and yield components of linseed (Linum usitatissimum)

Chung Hee; Lee SeungWoo, 1998:
Effects of plant growth regulators on the growth and flowering of pot Pelargonium hortorum

Chung BongNam; Lee SeungWoo, 1998:
Effects of plant growth regulators, nitrogen and sucrose on anthocyanin formation by callus culture of Euphorbia milii var. splendens

Lee EunKyung; Chung SoonKyung; Lee SeungWoo; Choi KeunWon, 1998:
Effects of plant growth retardants on the growth and flowering in poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd.)

Chung JaeDong; Park YoonKyung; Kim HongYul; Jee SunOk; Koh JaeChul, 1999:
Effects of plant growth retardants on the growth of Bletilla striata in vitro

Enebak, S.A.; Wei, G.; Kloepper, J.W., 1998:
Effects of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria on loblolly and slash pine seedlings

Turlings, T.C.J.; Benrey, B., 1998:
Effects of plant metabolites on the behavior and development of parasitic wasps

Yonts, C.D.; Smith, J.A., 1997:
Effects of plant population and row width on yield of sugarbeet

Tarimo, A.J.P.; Blamey, F.P., 1999:
Effects of plant population density and cultivar on growth, yield and yield components in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea l.)

NeSmith, D.S., 1998:
Effects of plant population on yields of once-over harvest collards (Brassica oleracea L. Acephala Group)

Patchett, M.R.; Bee, P.M., 1998:
Effects of plant population, variety and the use of cleaner loaders on soil tares in sugar beet

Shi Yan; Wei DongBin; Y.Z.enWen; Y.S.ngLie, 1999:
Effects of plant power 2003 on root senescence after anthesis of dry land wheat

Guidolin, A.F.; Merotto Junior, A.; Ender, M.; Sangoi, L.; Duarte, I. de A., 1998:
Effects of plant spacing and density on growth of late-sown beans

Struck, G.; Dohrenbusch, A., 1998:
Effects of plant spacing and fertilization in young sessile oak (Quercus petraea) stands

Boiteux, L.; Fonseca, M.; Simon, P., 1999:
Effects of plant tissue and DNA purification method on randomly amplified polymorphic DNA-based genetic fingerprinting analysis in carrot

Zhang ZeMin; Jia ChangZhu, 1997:
Effects of plant type on genetic gain in maize

Weglarz, Z., 1998:
Effects of plantation age and method of inflorescence harvesting on rhizomes yield and quality of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench

Soleimani, K., 1995:
Effects of planting and harvesting dates on yield of three potato cultivars in the Zanjan area

Um, Y.C.eol; Park, D.K.m; Lee, J.H.n; Kwon, J.K.ok; Cheong,; Kang, K.W.on, 1997:
Effects of planting density and side shoot allowing on growth and seasonal yield in glasshouse grown tomato

Tachibana, Sunao, 1998:
Effects of planting density on tree growth and vertical distribution of foliage and fruit on satsuma mandarin tree

Cho ChihLung, 1998:
Effects of planting distance on the strength variation of Japanese cedar (I) - static mechanical properties

Hendromono, 1996:
Effects of planting stock type and TSP base fertilizer on the growth and survival percentages of Pterygota alata Roxb

Roca, J.M.; Pedro, M.S. de; Perez, M.; Marfa, O.; Cots, L.; Martin Closas, L., 1998:
Effects of planting systems on yield, water use efficiency and nutrient balance of a strawberry protected crop' er; Chen ZhiYin; Sheng WeiNeng; Jiang FeiRong, 1998:
Effects of plastic house on fruit setting and fruit quality of Jingyou grape

Coates Beckford, P.L.; Cohen, J.E.; Ogle, L.R.; Prendergast, C.H.; Riley, D.M., 1997 :
Effects of plastic mulches on growth and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) and on nematode and microbial population densities in the soil

Paris, P.; Cannata, F.; Olimpieri, G.; Todaro, L.; Pisanelli, A., 1994:
Effects of plastic mulching and intercropping with alfalfa (Medicago sativa) on walnut (Juglans spp.) growth and tree/soil water relations during early plantation phases

Singer, S.M.; Helmy, Y.I.; Sawan, O.M.; E.A.d, S.O., 1999:
Effects of plastic tunnels and sowing dates on growth and productivity of bean varieties grown in calcareous soil

Santos Filho, A.G. dos; Lancas, K.P., 1998:
Effects of plate geometry of sinkage for survey (insurrection) of soil physical parameters

Shi HePing;; Pan RuiChi, 1997:
Effects of polarity and NAA concentration on transformation of cucumber cotyledons by Agrobacterium rhizogenes

Liu QingLin; Chen JunYu, 1999:
Effects of pollen mentor, growth regulator and embryo culture on interspecific hybridization of Prunus mume

Mitchell, R.J., 1997:
Effects of pollen quantity on progeny vigor: evidence from the desert mustard Lesquerella fendleri

Rahemi, M., 1998:
Effects of pollen sources on fruit characteristics of 'Shahani' date

Ak, B.E.; Kaska, N., 1998:
Effects of pollens of different Pistacia spp. on the protein and oil content in pistachio nut

Okada, S., 1997:
Effects of pollination by Japanese and European honeybees on peach trees in plastic film greenhouse

X.Q.ngXiou; L.J.ang; Han Jun, 1997:
Effects of pollination conditions on fruit characteristics of Korla's Xiangli

Krieger, K.M.; Pollak, L.M.; Brumm, T.J.; White, P.J., 1998:
Effects of pollination method and growing location on starch thermal properties of corn hybrids

Lee YongMoon; Park HoTae; Lee YongJae, 1998:
Effects of pollinizer on fruit drop and quality of 'Fuyu' persimmon

Anonymous, 1996:
Effects of pollutants in combination

Iqbal, M.Z.; Khalid, F., 1997:
Effects of polluted soil extracts on germination and seedling growth of some species

Girard, P., 1998:
Effects of pollution on fishes

Zawartka, L.; Huszcza Ciolkowska, G.; Szumska, E., 1999:
Effects of poly- and orthophosphates on the dynamics of some macro- and micro-nutrient elements in soil material of varied pH. II. Phosphorus

Zawartka, L.; Huszcza Ciolkowska, G.; Szumska, E., 1999:
Effects of poly- and orthophosphates on the dynamics of some macro- and micro-nutrient elements in soil material of varied pH. III. Potassium

Kim SeogKyun; Kim KyungJe, 1998:
Effects of polyacrylamide (PAM) and potassium-carboxymethylcellulose (K-CMC) on soil and yield of cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. cv. Empire)

X.Z.Rong; Wang ZhenLai; Wang MinQi, 1999:
Effects of polyenzyme GXC comprising the xylanase, beta -glucanase and cellulase on digestive function of piglets fed with high wheat bran ration

Ding, C.K.; Chachin, K.; Ueda, Y., 1997:
Effects of polyethylene bag packaging and low-temperature storage on the physical and chemical characteristics of loquat fruits

Yang ChwenMing; Cheng ChingHuan; S.M.hRong; Lee YuhJyuan, 1997:
Effects of polyethylene plastic cover on growth of cantaloupe in row tunnel cultivation

Williams, K.D.; Hopper, N.W., 1998:
Effects of polymer film coatings of cotton seed on dusting-off, imbibition, and germination

Liu ChaoSheng; Lei ZhiZhong; Yang JunXiang, 1997:
Effects of polymorphisms of protein and analogous lipase on performance of Gansu pigs

Sannomaru, Y.; Katayama, O.; Kashimura, Y.; Kaneko, K., 1998:
Effects of polyphenol content and polyphenoloxidase activity on browning reaction of apple fruits

Osakabe, N.; Sanbongi, C.; Yamagishi, M.; Takizawa, T.; Osawa, T., 1998:
Effects of polyphenol substances derived from Theobroma cacao on gastric mucosal lesion induced by ethanol

Huang ChengFeng; L.M.nNa; Zhang YuTuan; Zheng JingLan; Yang HaiJin, 1999:
Effects of polysaccharide of Hydnum caputmaduseae var sp. on the immune response of Newcastle disease LaSota-clone 30 vaccine inoculated chicks

H.Y.ngHui; Lin ZhiBin, 1999:
Effects of polysaccharides isolated from mycelia of Ganoderma lucidum on HL-60 cell apoptosis

Sago, R.; Yoshimoto, R.; Takayanagi, S.; Matsuda, T., 1999:
Effects of polythene film mulch on seed banks on arable land

Fujiwara, Y., 1997:
Effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids on lipid metabolism

Keçeci, T.; Oğuz, H.; Kurtoğlu, V.; Demet, O., 1998:
Effects of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone, synthetic zeolite and bentonite on serum biochemical and haematological characters of broiler chickens during aflatoxicosis

Kim, H.D.; Ha, J.K.; Itabashi, H.; Kim, S.W.; Kim, W.Y.; Ko, Y.K., 1998:
Effects of popped soybean on concentration of ruminal peptide and blood amino acids in Holstein calves

Hundertmark, K.J.; Thelen, T.H.; Bowyer, R.T., 1998:
Effects of population density and selective harvest on antler phenotype in simulated moose populations

Nerson, H., 1999:
Effects of population density on fruit and seed production in muskmelons

Cao YongGuo; Kong FanLing; Song TongMing, 1999:
Effects of population improvement of BHO for high oil content maize and selection method evaluation

Satoh, M.; Furukawa, T., 1998:
Effects of population size and marker interval on the efficiency of constructing a genetic linkage map using a reference intercross family

Vatzias, G.; Hagen, D.R., 1999:
Effects of porcine follicular fluid and oviduct-conditioned media on maturation and fertilization of porcine oocytes in vitro

Carter, S.; Cromwell, G.; Colombo, G.F.nti, P., 1999:
Effects of porcine somatotropin on calcium and phosphorus balance and markers of bone metabolism in finishing pigs

Shu ZenHong, 1997:
Effects of position on the tree on fruit quality and inorganic nutrient concentrations in bald-cut wax-apples

Kellomaki, S.; Karjalainen, T., 1997:
Effects of possible climate changes on boreal forests

Han TianFu; Wang JinLing; Yang QingKai; Gai JunYi, 1997:
Effects of post-flowering photoperiod on chemical composition of soyabeans

Leonard, J.; Rajot, J.L., 1998:
Effects of post-harvest mulching on a crusted sandy soil in the Sahel. Consequences of hydrological characteristics on amelioration

Surra, J.C.; Guada, J.A.; Balcells, J.; Castrillo, C., 1997:
Effects of post-ruminal fermentation on the faecal and urinary excretion of purines

Armbruster, P.; Bradshaw, W.E.; Holzapfel, C.M., 1998:
Effects of postglacial range expansion on allozyme and quantitative genetic variation of the pitcher-plant mosquito, Wyeomyia smithii

Saftner, R.A.; Conway, W.S.; Sams, C.E., 1998:
Effects of postharvest calcium and fruit coating treatments on postharvest life, quality maintenance, and fruit-surface injury in 'Golden Delicious' apples

Kwon HeaRyoung; Park KuenWoo; Kang HoMin, 1999:
Effects of postharvest heat treatment and calcium application on the storability of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)

Mitcham, E.J.; McDonald, R.E., 1997:
Effects of postharvest heat treatments on inner and outer tissue of mango fruit

Fan, J.M.rks, B.; Daniels, M.; Siebenmorgen, T., 1999:
Effects of postharvest operations on the gelatinization and retrogradation properties of long-grain rice

Munoz, V.R.S.; Lizana M.L.A.; Galletti G.L.; Luchsinger, L., 1998:
Effects of postharvest temperature fluctuation on carotenoids and sugar in mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Piqueno

Taylor, R.G.; Koohmaraie, M., 1998:
Effects of postmortem storage on the ultrastructure of the endomysium and myofibrils in normal and callipyge longissimus

Lents, C.A.; Looper, M.L.; Wettemann, R.P., 1997:
Effects of postpartum body condition score of beef cows on milk components and weaning weights of calves

Ruan JianYun; W.X.n; Hardter, R., 1997:
Effects of potassium and magnesium on the yield and quality of oolong tea

Costa, W.A.J.M. de; Liyanage, L.P., 1997:
Effects of potassium and water availability on water use efficiency of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Chatterjee, C.; Nautiyal, N.; Dube, B.K., 1998:
Effects of potassium concentration on biochemistry, yield and sucrose concentration in sugarcane

Itoh, R.; Yamagishi, J.; Ishii, R., 1997:
Effects of potassium deficiency on leaf growth, related water relations and accumulation of solutes in leaves of soybean plants

Graham, L.C.; Gaylor, M.J., 1997:
Effects of potassium fertility on beet armyworms

Luo JianXin; Xiao HanQian; Fang Hong; Zhou WanChun; Peng JianWei, 1997:
Effects of potassium fertilizer date and rate on yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco

Suwanarit, A.; Kreetapirom, S.; Buranakarn, S.; Suriyapromchai, P.; Varanyanond, W.; Tungtrakul, P.; Rattapat, S.; Wattanapayapkul, S.; Naklang, K.; Rotjanakusol, S.; Pornurisnit, P., 1997:
Effects of potassium fertilizer on grain qualities of Khaw Dauk Mali-105 rice

L.Y.Ying; Liang Hong, 1997:
Effects of potassium fertilizers on sugar beet yield and quality

Sergent, E.; Ferrari, D.; Leal, F., 1997:
Effects of potassium nitrate and paclobutrazol on flowering induction and yield of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Haden

Sinobad, V.S.; Egi, A.V., 1998:
Effects of potassium, sodium and alpha -amino nitrogen on sucrose content in molasses as calculated by empirical formulas

Kim SeogKyun; Kawabata, S.; Sakiyama, R., 1998:
Effects of potassium-cyanoethylstarch (K-CES) and polyacrylamide (PAM) on growth of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.)

Gorshkov, V.V.; Bakkal, I.Y.; Stavrova, N.I., 1997:
Effects of potential climate warming on the relaxation of parameters of boreal forest communities

Paek, K.Y.eup; Kim,; Seon, J.H.on, 1998:
Effects of potting media on the growth and mineral contents in temperate Cymbidium species

Malik, R.K.; Reddy, K.C., 1999:
Effects of poultry litter on cotton lint yield

Hossain, K.A.; Horiuchi, T.; Miyagawa, S., 1999:
Effects of powdered rice chaff application on Si and N absorption, lodging resistance and yield in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.)

Sasahara, T.; Satoh, N.; Abe, T., 1997:
Effects of powders of some mineral substances on the growth of watermelon seedlings

Selochnik, N.N.; Kondrashova, N.K., 1996:
Effects of powdery mildew and fungicides on oak seedlings

Bykoglu, G.; Doganay, A., 1998:
Effects of praziquantel and albendazole on Coenurus cerebralis in experimentally infected lambs

Lobato, J.F.rnando Piva; Zanotta Junior, R.L.iz Duarte; Pereira Neto, O.A.ves, 1998:
Effects of pre and post-partum diets of primiparous beef cows on the growth of their calves

Gerasopoulos, D.; Chebli, B., 1999:
Effects of pre- and postharvest calcium applications on the vase life of cut gerberas

Moon ByungWoo; Choi JongSeung, 1999:
Effects of pre- or post-harvest application of calcium compound extracted from oyster shell on the calcium, pectin, and ethylene evolution changes in stored apple fruit

Moon ByungWoo; Choi JongSeung; Kim KiHong, 1999:
Effects of pre- or post-harvest application of calcium compound extracted from oyster shell on the changes in cell wall calcium content, enzyme activity, and cell structure during storage of apple fruits

Enjalbert, F.; Lebreton, P.; Salat, O.; Schelcher, F., 1999:
Effects of pre- or postpartum selenium supplementation on selenium status in beef cows and their calves

Hirasawa, T.; Nakahara, M.; Izumi, T.; Iwamoto, Y.; Ishihara, K., 1998:
Effects of pre-flowering soil moisture deficits on dry matter production and ecophysiological characteristics in soybean plants under well irrigated conditions during grain filling

Wooldridge, J.; Joubert, M.E.; Lourens, F.C., 1998:
Effects of pre-harvest calcium nitrate and calcium chloride sprays on apple

Fortun Lamothe, L., 1998:
Effects of pre-mating energy intake on reproductive performance of rabbit does

Duman, I.; Esiyok, D., 1998:
Effects of pre-sowing PEG and KH2PO4 treatments on germination emergence and yield of carrot

Y.L.Qin; Liu Zhi; Wang LiYing, 1996:
Effects of pre-sowing irradiation of licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) with gamma rays on the growth of the M1 plant seeds

Dan, K.; Nagata, M.; Yamashita, I., 1998:
Effects of pre-storage duration and storage temperatures on the formation of volatile sulfur compounds in broccoli under anaerobic conditions

Waghmare, N.V.; Kotecha, P.M.; Kadam, S.S., 1999:
Effects of pre-treatments, storage of potato and antioxidants on quality of potato chips prepared from cultivars grown in Western Maharashtra

Han, Y.Y.l; Sim, Y.G.; Woo, J.H.; Choi, K.B.e; Yoon, J.T.k; Choi, B.S.ll, 1997:
Effects of pre-warming of rootstocks and low temperature storage of scions on production of veneer-grafting seedling in rose

Wang XiaoDong; Ishibashi, N., 1998:
Effects of precedent infection of entomopathogenic nematodes (Steinernematidae) on the subsequent invasion of infective juveniles

Lyngstad, I.; Brenne, P., 1996:
Effects of preceding crops in rotation with winter and spring wheat

Olasantan, F.O., 1998:
Effects of preceding maize (Zea mays) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in sole cropping and intercropping on growth, yield and nitrogen requirement of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)

Correll, D.; Jordan, T.; Weller, D., 1999:
Effects of precipitation and air temperature on phosphorus fluxes from Rhode River watersheds

L.Y.Ping; Jiang ZaiJie, 1996:
Effects of precocene II on moulting and viability of nymphal Haemaphysalis longicornis Neumann (Acari: Ixodidae)

Park NamKyu; Song JungChoon; Lee SangYang; Jeong HeonSang; Hur HanSun, 1997:
Effects of precooling and packaging methods on vegetable soyabean storage

Badejo, M.A.; Olaifa, J.I., 1997:
Effects of precultivation and weed control practices on the activity of epigeal Collembola fauna of cowpea

Hashim, M.A.; A.F.ruque, M.R.A.; Das, B.R., 1997:
Effects of premedication on ruminal motility and pH in Black Bengal does

Reiling, B.A.; Drackley, J.K.; Grum, L.R.; Berger, L.L., 1997:
Effects of prenatal androgenization and lactation on adipose tissue metabolism in finishing single-calf heifers

Finsten, A.; Donald, A.; Bate, L.A., 1998:
Effects of prenatal maternal TRH stimulation on the postnatal ability of neonatal piglets to cope with a cold challenge

Lay, D.J.; Randel, R.; Friend, T.; Jenkins, O.; Neuendorff, D.; Bushong, D.; Lanier, E.; Bjorge, M., 1997:
Effects of prenatal stress on suckling calves

Yamasaki, K.; Kajimura, K.; Nakano, M.; Yokoyama, H.; Yoneda, K.; Umezawa, C., 1998:
Effects of preparations of Chinese medicinal prescriptions on digestive enzymes in vitro and in vivo

Toharmat, T.; Nonaka, I.; Shimizu, M.; Batajoo, K.K.; Kume, S., 1998:
Effects of prepartum energy intake and calving season on blood composition of periparturient cows

Munger, A., 1999:
Effects of prepartum feeding level on first lactation performance of dairy cows

Lammoglia, M.A.; Bellows, R.A.; Grings, E.E.; Bergman, J.W., 1999:
Effects of prepartum supplementary fat and muscle hypertrophy genotype on cold tolerance in newborn calves

Gatchell, C.; Thomas, R.; Walker, E., 1999:
Effects of preprocessing 1 common and 2A common red oak lumber on gang-rip-first rough-mill dimension part yields

Pan ChingMoo; Chen IJen; Lin ChungYi; Lin YungHsin; Huang JengFang, 1999:
Effects of prepubertal body weights on the laying performance of brown Tsaiya ducks

Urzua S.H.; Ravanal E.C., 1998:
Effects of prescribed burning on chemical and microbiological properties in a metamorphic soil of Constitucion area (Chile)

Koch, D.A.; Duncan, G.A.; Parsons, T.J.; Pruess, K.P.; Powers, T.O., 1998:
Effects of preservation methods, parasites, and gut contents of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) on polymerase chain reaction products

S.J.n; Y.W.n, 1997:
Effects of preservation treatment on several senescence indexes of cut freesia inflorescences

Grigor, P.N.; Goddard, P.J.; Littlewood, C.A.; Warriss, P.D.; Brown, S.N., 1999:
Effects of preslaughter handling on the behaviour, blood biochemistry and carcases of farmed red deer

Stalder, K.J.; Maya, J.; Christian, L.L.; Moeller, S.J.; Prusa, K.J., 1998:
Effects of preslaughter management on the quality of carcasses from porcine stress syndrome heterozygous market hogs

Grzesik, M.; Nowak, J., 1998:
Effects of presowing seed treatment with some chemicals on Setaria macrostachya L. seed germination, seedling emergence and stress tolerance

Rehman, S.; Harris, P.J.C.; Bourne, W.F., 1998:
Effects of presowing treatment with calcium salts, potassium salts, or water on germination and salt tolerance of Acacia seeds

Karalus, W.; Rauber, R., 1996:
Effects of presprouting on potato diseases in organic farming

L.Q.ngFeng; Zhang HaiJun; Y.J.n; H.Q.ngFang; Fang LiNing; Chang HaiShan, 1997:
Effects of pretreatment on germination of the seeds of Poa pratensis

Bowyer, J.W.; Bowyer, R.T., 1997:
Effects of previous browsing on the selection of willow stems by Alaskan moose

Drouillard, J.; Kuhl, G., 1999:
Effects of previous grazing nutrition and management on feedlot performance of cattle

Crum, D.A.; Weiser, L.A.; Stamp, N.E., 1998:
Effects of prey scarcity and plant material as a dietary supplement on an insect predator

Zanuncio, J.C.; Torres, J.B.; Bernando, D.L.; D.C.ercq, P., 1997:
Effects of prey switching on nymphal development of four species of predatory stinkbugs

Ikpe, F.; Powell, J.; Isirimah, N.; Wahua, T.; Ngodigha, E., 1999:
Effects of primary tillage and soil amendment practices on pearl millet yield and nutrient uptake in the Sahel of West Africa

Piao, R.Z.; Pyon, J.Y., 1998:
Effects of primisulfuron and imazethapyr treated with piperonyl butoxide on growth and acetolactate synthase activity in several corn cultivars

Piao, R.Z.; Pyon, J.Y.; Roh, S.W.; Ahn, B.S., 1998:
Effects of primisulfuron and terbufos on growth and acetolactate synthase activity in several corn cultivars

Imre, G., 1999:
Effects of privatization of the food industry on the development of enterprise profitability with special attention to the confectionery industry

Koganezawa, H.; Sato, T.; Sasaya, T., 1998:
Effects of probenazole and saccharin on symptom appearance of tobacco mosaic virus in tobacco

Kahraman, R.; Alp, M.; Kocabagli, N.; Abas, I.; Aksu, H.; Tanor, A., 1997:
Effects of probiotic supplementation to the oxidized diets on performance, ileal pH and Enterobacteriaceae population, ascites incidence and mortality rate of broilers

Taylor, G.R.J.; Williams, C.M., 1998:
Effects of probiotics and prebiotics on blood lipids

Vuorinen, A.H.; Saharinen, M.H., 1998:
Effects of process conditions on composting efficiency and nitrogen immobilization during composting of manure in a drum composting system

Yoon HyoungUn; Park JongYoung, 1998:
Effects of process variables and MAPP coupling agent on properties of wood fiber-polypropylene fiber composite by turbulent air mixing

Chu, K.S.; Kim, J.H.; Chae, B.J.; Chung, Y.K.; Han, I.K., 1998:
Effects of processed barley on growth performance and ileal digestibility of growing pigs

Suhendro, E.L.; Mcdonough, C.M.; Rooney, L.W.; Waniska, R.D.; Yetneberk, S., 1998:
Effects of processing conditions and sorghum cultivar on alkaline-processed snacks

Femenia, A.; Sanchez, E.S.; Rossello, C., 1998:
Effects of processing on the cell wall composition of fruits and vegetables

Koots, K.R.; Gibson, J.P., 1998:
Effects of production and marketing circumstances on economic values for beef production traits

Hirooka, H.; Groen, A.F., 1999:
Effects of production circumstances on expected responses for growth and carcass traits to selection of bulls in Japan

Dufey, P.A.; Chambaz, A., 1999:
Effects of production factors on the quality of beef

Gaviola, J.C., 1997:
Effects of production method on yield and quality of onion cv. Valcatorce INTA seeds

Clark, G.E.; Reyngoud, J.L., 1997:
Effects of production methods on Sandersonia cut stem quality and daughter tuber size

Tébar, M.; Uilenbroek, J.T.; Kramer, P.; van Schaik, R.H.; Wierikx, C.D.; Ruiz, A.; de Jong, F.H.; Sánchez-Criado, J.E., 1997:
Effects of progesterone on the secondary surge of follicle-stimulating hormone in the rat

Knoblich, H.; Fluharty, F.; Loerch, S., 1997:
Effects of programmed gain strategies on performance and carcass characteristics of steers

Loerch, S.C.; Fluharty, F.L., 1998:
Effects of programming intake on performance and carcass characteristics of feedlot cattle

Zhou Yong; Song GuoQing; Xue XiaoQiao; J.C.aoMing; Liao GongXian; Zhang GuangMing, 1998:
Effects of proline and alpha -ketoglutaric acid on the seed setting rate in hybrid rice

L.Y.nPeng; Wan BangHui, 1997:
Effects of proline and alanine on induction of callus from anther of photo-thermo sensitive genic male sterile rice

Dionisio Sese, M.L.; Shono, M.; Tobita, S., 1999:
Effects of proline and betaine on heat inactivation of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase from rice seedlings

Zhou Yong; Song GuoQing; Zhang GuangMing; Xue XiaoQiao; J.C.aoMing, 1997:
Effects of proline on the seed-setting rate of hybrid rice

Gonzalez Meler, M.A.; Matamala, R.; Penuelas, J., 1997:
Effects of prolonged drought stress and nitrogen deficiency on the respiratory O2 uptake of bean and pepper leaves

Ravindar Kumar; Arya, M.B., 1997:
Effects of prolonged exposure to ammonia on hepatic transaminases activity of freshwater murrel Channa punctatus (Bloch)

Weglarz, Z.; Roson, W., 1998:
Effects of propagation method and growth stage on yield and chemical composition of gipsywort (Lycopus europeus L.) herb

Tashiro, K.; Nitta, R.; Matsuyama, J.; Arai, C.; Yajima, M.; Kiyosawa, I., 1997:
Effects of propionyl triglyceride on lipid metabolism in rats

Kennis, R.A.; Robertson, S.A.; Rosser, E.J.; Hauptman, J.G., 1998:
Effects of propofol anesthesia on intradermally injected histamine phosphate in clinically normal dogs

Sakamoto, S.; Matsuno, T.; Matsubara, M.; Kudo, H.; Suzuki, S.; Sassa, S.; Yoshimura, S.; Liu, L.; Nakayama, T.; Nagasawa, H., 1994:
Effects of propolis on 7,12-dimethylbenz (a)-anthracene-induced skin tumors and on life-span of tumor-bearing mice

Park, Y.K.n; Koo, M.H.un; Ikegaki, M.; Cury, J.A.arecido; Rosalen, P.L.iz, 1998:
Effects of propolis on Streptococcus mutans, Actinomyces naeslundii and Staphylococcus aureus

Nishida, T.; Kurihara, M.; Terada, F.; Purnomoadi, A.; Shibata, M., 1999:
Effects of proportion of forage in the diet on the dry matter intake of Holstein dry cows during last 9 weeks of pregnancy

Negatu, Z.; McNitt, J.I.; Simon, G.; Mellad, K.E., 1998:
Effects of prostaglandin F2 alpha and its analogs on plasma estradiol 17- beta and progesterone levels in doe rabbits

Cerda, A.D.; Manterola, B.H.; Vallejo, O.; Mira, J.J.; Sirhan, A.L., 1998:
Effects of protecting soyabean oilmeal protein with formaldehyde on protein utilization by ruminants

Jetana, T.; Abdullah, N.; Halim, R.A.; Jalaludin, S.; Ho, Y.W., 1998:
Effects of protein and carbohydrate supplementations on fibre digestion and microbial population of sheep

Hegarty, R.; Neutze, S.; Oddy, V., 1999:
Effects of protein and energy supply on the growth and carcass composition of lambs from differing nutritional histories

Driedger, L.J.; Loerch, S.C., 1999:
Effects of protein concentration and source on nutrient digestibility by mature steers limit-fed high-concentrate diets

Taskin, T.; Akkan, S.; Kaymakc, M.; Ozkan, K., 1997:
Effects of protein levels in concentrates on milk yield and composition in dairy goats

Weaver, L.T.; Desai, M.; Austin, S.; Arthur, H.M.; Lucas, A.; Hales, C.N., 1998:
Effects of protein restriction in early life on growth and function of the gastrointestinal tract of the rat

Atwal, A.S.; Kubow, S.; Wolynetz, M.S., 1997:
Effects of protein source and amino acid supplementation on plasma cholesterol in guinea pigs

Salisbury, M.W.; Engdahl, G.R.; May, B.J.; Lupton, C.J.; Scott, C.B., 1997:
Effects of protein source on performance of Rambouillet rams

Khan, M.J.; Nishida, T.; Miyashige, T.; Hodate, K.; Abe, H.; Kawakita, Y., 1998:
Effects of protein supplement sources on digestibility of nutrients, balance of nitrogen and energy in goats and their in situ degradability in cattle

McIntyre, B.S.; Briski, K.P.; Hosick, H.L.; Sylvester, P.W., 1998:
Effects of protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors on EGF- and insulin-dependent mammary epithelial cell growth

Kabasa, J.D.; Kugler, W.; Opuda Asibo, J., 1995:
Effects of protein-energy malnutrition on serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) responses of broiler chickens in Uganda

L.F.ngXue; W.Z.anFu; Zhang HeLiang; Fan ZengYi; Sun Fu, 1998:
Effects of protein-energy ration on egg production of laying hens in summer

Davis, G.; Troxel, T.; Gadberry, S.; Wallace, W.; McPeake, S.; Jennings, J., 1999:
Effects of providing balanced, least-cost winter feed supplements to Arkansas beef cattle improvement herds

Song GiCheol; K.K.angChool, 1999:
Effects of pruning and debudding on the growth, nutrition and berry setting of Vitis labruscana B. cv. Kyoho

Tan, M., 1997:
Effects of pruning and leaf fertilisation on the fruit quality and yield of olive trees belonging to the Edremit Yaglk variety

Karaguzel, O.; Ayanoglu, F., 1996:
Effects of pruning and pinching times on yield and quality of flower of rose cultivars grown in plastic greenhouse

Rojas, E.; Leal, F., 1997:
Effects of pruning and potassium nitrate spray on floral and vegetative bud break of mango cv. Haden

Saini, B.C.; Misra, K.K.; Singh, R.V., 1997:
Effects of pruning intensity on the canopy dynamics of gutel (Trewia nudiflora L.) in an agroforestry system

Cheong DongChun; Kim JeongMan; Park HarkBong, 1999:
Effects of pruning, pinching and chilling treatment on flower malformation and rosette formation of Gypsophila paniculata

Galvan, Z.J.; Ward, P., 1998:
Effects of public posting on inappropriate on-court behaviours by collegiate tennis players

O'callaghan, E.J., 1998:
Effects of pulsation characteristics on machine yield, milking time and cluster stability

Bang ChangSeok; Song CheonYoung; Huh KunYang; Song JeongSeob; Kim ByeongHyeon, 1997:
Effects of pulsing and holding solutions on vase life and quality of cut flower (Callistepus chinensis)

Meroni, S.B.; Cánepa, D.F.; Pellizzari, E.H.; Schteingart, H.F.; Cigorraga, S.B., 1998:
Effects of purinergic agonists on aromatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activities and on transferrin secretion in cultured Sertoli cells

Morales Payan, J.P.; Santos, B.M.; Stall, W.M.; Bewick, T.A., 1997:
Effects of purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and bell pepper (Capsicum annuum) vegetative growth and fruit yield

Walsh, D.B.; Zalom, F.G.; Stimmann, M., 1998:
Effects of pyrethroid insecticide residues on almond leaves on the biology of the western orchard predator mite Galendromus occidentalis (Nesbitt) (Acari: Phytoseiidae)

Medeiros, J.F. de; Medeiros, D.S. de; Porta Filho, F.Q.; Nogueira, I.C.C., 1998:
Effects of quality and amount of irrigation water on coriander cultivated in initially saline substrate

Serdula, M.K.; Mokdad, A.H.; Pamuk, E.R.; Williamson, D.F.; Byers, T., 1995:
Effects of question order on estimates of the prevalence of attempted weight loss

Ricke, E.A.; Smith, D.J.; Feil, V.J.; Larsen, G.L.; Caton, J.S., 1999:
Effects of ractopamine HCl stereoisomers on growth, nitrogen retention, and carcass composition in rats

X.Z.Rong; Jin XinDong; Xiao RiJin, 1996:
Effects of ractopamine on growth performance and carcass characteristics in different sexes of Large Yorkshire pigs

X.Z.Rong; Chen HongLiang; Xiao RiJin, 1998:
Effects of ractopamine on growth performance and carcass composition in finishing pigs at high or low dietary protein levels

Luo Li; Lin ShiMei; Y.Y.anTu; Qian MaoRui; Q.D.Hai, 1997:
Effects of ractopamine on ketone body metabolism and GPT and GOT activity in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)

Chauhan, Y.S.; Katiyar, S.R., 1998:
Effects of radiation and growth hormones on pollen germination, pollen tube growth and modulation of radiation responses of Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gord

Chen ZhongMing; Deng Xia; Qin CuiLi; Shi QingHua; Wang Rong, 1997:
Effects of radiation by frequency spectrum equipment on the trauma healing and physiological indexes of rabbits

Sikorska, K.; Kozowska, B.; Ciereszko, I.; Maleszewski, S., 1997:
Effects of radiation quality on the opening of stomata in intact Phaseolus vulgaris L. leaves

Zhao Bing; Zheng XiaoHuai; Zhang FuSuo; Mao DaRu, 1999:
Effects of radish root exudates on mobilizing low grade rock phosphate in acid soil

Rinallo, C.; Fabbri, A.; Modi, G.; Marcheselli, P., 1998:
Effects of rain acidity on actinidia plants

Zaman, Sameeha, 1997:
Effects of rainfall and grazing on vegetation yield and cover of two arid rangelands in Kuwait

Goodchild, A.V., 1997:
Effects of rainfall and temperature on the feeding value of barley straw in a semi-arid Mediterranean environment

Zhao HuanYing; Zhu JinWei; Wang WeiHua, 1997:
Effects of rainfall interception of Pinus tabulaeformis in semi-arid area

Forsberg, J.A.; Summerfelt, R.C.; Barton, B.A., 1999:
Effects of ram-air ventilation during transportation on water quality and physiology of fingerling walleyes

Bilto, Y.Y., 1998:
Effects of ramadan fasting on body weight and the biochemical and haematological parameters of the blood

Frickh, J.J.; Wetscherek, W.; Pichler, W.A., 1998:
Effects of rape seed meal on fattening performance, slaughtering performance and meat quality in pigs

Suzuki, K.; Ajito, T.; Okumura, J.; Iwabuchi, S., 1999:
Effects of rapid intravenous infusion of 7% sodium bicarbonate solution on arterial blood gases of heifers

Silva, J.M. da; Arrabaca, M.C., 1998:
Effects of rapidly and slowly induced water deficit on the partition of photoassimilates in Setaria sphacelata (C4)

Liu HongZhang; Wen LianKui; L.Y.Dong; Hao Rui, 1997:
Effects of rare earth on the growth, fruiting, and absorption of N, P, K on black currant

Aulakh, M.; Pasricha, N., 1999:
Effects of rate and frequency of applied P on crop yields, P uptake, and fertilizer P use-efficiency and its recovery in a groundnut-mustard rotation

Kamau, D.M.; Owuor, P.O.; Wanyoko, J.K., 1998:
Effects of rates and ratios of nitrogen and potash fertilizers on seedling tea at Kericho. I. Soil pH, soil available calcium, magnesium and extractable manganese

Kelly, J.L.; Arnold, D.E., 1999:
Effects of ration and temperature on growth of age-0 Atlantic sturgeon

Steinwidder, A.; Hissek, F.; Gruber, L.; Lettner, F., 1997:
Effects of ration composition and date of cutting on intake of fresh forage and nutrient supply of dairy cows

Yamazaki, M.; Murakami, H.; Takemasa, M., 1998:
Effects of ratios of essential amino acids to nonessential amino acids in low protein diet on nitrogen excretion and fat deposition of broiler chicks

Campodoni, G.; Preziuso, G.; Berni, P.; Pellegrini, S., 1997:
Effects of rearing system and age at slaughter on the performance of entire and castrated Chianina calves. 1. Growth, slaughter and carcass traits

Preziuso, G.; Campodoni, G.; Berni, P.; Pellegrini, S., 1997:
Effects of rearing system and age at slaughter on the performance of entire and castrated Chianina calves. 2. Physicochemical traits of the meat

Young, J.B.; Shimano, Y., 1998:
Effects of rearing temperature on body weight and abdominal fat in male and female rats

Atasoy, F., 1997:
Effects of rearing the sexes separately and early feed restriction on broiler performance

Mccutchen, B.F.; Herrmann, R.; Heinz, K.M.; Parrella, M.P.; Hammock, B.D., 1996:
Effects of recombinant baculoviruses on a nontarget endoparasitoid of Heliothis virescens

Chardulo, L.A.L.; Silveira, A.C.; Furlan, L.R.; Beni Arrigoni, M. de; Costa, C.; Oliveira, H.N. de, 1998:
Effects of recombinant bovine somatotropin on performance and chemical characteristics of meat of bulls

Smith, L.A.; Thompson, D.L.; French, D.D.; Leise, B.S., 1999:
Effects of recombinant equine somatotropin on wound healing, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, and endogenous somatotropin responses to secretagogues in geldings

Choi, Y.M.; Lyu, Seung Ryul; Lim, Hak Tae, 1997:
Effects of reconditioning temperature and period on processing quality of potato tubers grown in summer season

Stalmaster, M.V.; Kaiser, J.L., 1998:
Effects of recreational activity on wintering bald eagles

Vosburgh, T.C.; Irby, L.R., 1998:
Effects of recreational shooting on prairie dog colonies

Fukai, S.; Fujiwara, K.; Okamoto, K.; Hasegawa, A.; Goi, M., 1997:
Effects of red and blue light on germination and protocorm growth of Calanthe Satsuma

Shi HongZhi; Han JinFeng; Guan ChunYun; Yuan Tong, 1999:
Effects of red and blue light proportion on leaf growth, carbon-nitrogen metabolism and quality in tobacco

Flesch, M.; Schwarz, A.; Böhm, M., 1998:
Effects of red and white wine on endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation of rat aorta and human coronary arteries

Jang BongJun; Bae ChunSik; Cho YongSeong; Cha YongHo; Park ChangWon; Cho TaeHyun; Chang KyungJin, 1997:
Effects of red ginseng total saponin on menadione-induced hepatotoxicity in the rat

Allen, C.R.; Demarias, S.; Lutz,, 1997:
Effects of red imported fire ants on recruitment of white-tailed deer fawns

Miyashita, Y.; Kimura, T.; Kitaya, Y.; Kubota, C.; Kozai, T., 1997:
Effects of red light on the growth and morphology of potato plantlets in vitro: using light emitting diodes (LEDs) as a light source for micropropagation

Yoshioka, M.; S.P.erre, S.; Suzuki, M.; Tremblay, A., 1998:
Effects of red pepper added to high-fat and high-carbohydrate meals on energy metabolism and substrate utilization in Japanese women

Yoshioka, M.S.-Pierre, S.D.apeau, V.D.onne, I.D.ucet, E.S.zuki, M.T.emblay, A., 1999:
Effects of red pepper on appetite and energy intake

Maliakal, S.K.; McDonnell, K.; Dudley, S.A.; Schmitt, J., 1999:
Effects of red to far-red ratio and plant density on biomass allocation and gas exchange in Impatiens capensis

Konstantinov, Y.M.; Subota, I.Y.; Arziev, A.S., 1997:
Effects of redox conditions on protein synthesis in isolated mitochondria of maize (Zea mays)

Kammer, F.; Forstner, U., 1998:
Effects of redox potential on natural organic matter: first results from Flow~FFF-multi-detector analysis (4F-MDA)

Krober, T.F.; Steingass, H.; Funk, R.; Drochner, W., 1999:
Effects of reduced crude protein supply on dry matter intake, digestibility, N-excretion and performance of lactating dairy cows

Esbjerg, P., 1998:
Effects of reduced pesticide doses on flora and fauna of agricultural fields - a project linked to the Danish Pesticide Action Plan

Zugec, I.; Juric, I.; Josipovic, M.; Knezevic, M.; Stipesevic, B.; Duvnjak, V., 1997:
Effects of reduced soil tillage on ferralsol rhodic on maize (Zea mays L.) grain yield in the Horro Alleltu area, Ethiopia

Aro, A.; Pietinen, P.; Valsta, L.M.; Turpeinen, A.M.; Ehnholm, C.; Dougherty, R.M.; Iacono, J.M., 1998:
Effects of reduced-fat diets with different fatty acid compositions on serum lipoprotein lipids and apolipoproteins

Hoskin, S.O.; Barry, T.N.; Wilson, P.R.; Charleston, W.A.G.; Hodgson, J., 1999:
Effects of reducing anthelmintic input upon growth and faecal egg and larval counts in young farmed deer grazing chicory (Cichorium intybus) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)/white clover (Trifolium repens) pasture

Fitzsimmons, K.; Dickenson, G.; Brand, C.; Davis, J., 1997:
Effects of reducing dietary lipid levels on growth and body composition of hybrid tilapia in an intensive recirculating-water system

Sagawa, S., 1998:
Effects of reflected light on seed yield and photosynthetic rate of middle and lower leaves under different plant densities in soyabean

Geverink, N.A.; Kappers, A.; van de Burgwal, J.A.; Lambooij, E.; Blokhuis, H.J.; Wiegant, V.M., 1998:
Effects of regular moving and handling on the behavioral and physiological responses of pigs to preslaughter treatment and consequences for subsequent meat quality

Liu AnNeng; Meng ZhaoJiang, 1999:
Effects of regulated deficit irrigation and optimized agronomic measures of corn

Kang ShaoZhong; Shi WenJuan; H.X.aoTao; Liang YingLi, 1998:
Effects of regulated deficit irrigation on physiological indices and water use efficiency of maize

Irisarri, J.; Mendia, J., 1997:
Effects of relations between the soil and the landscape in evaluating the forestry potential of the central Andean-Patagonian region, Argentina

Bani, D., 1997:
Effects of relaxin on the mammary gland: physiology and pathology

Caleca, V.; Verde, G. lo; Chiara, S.R. di; Tsolakis, H., 1998:
Effects of releases of Orius laevigatus (Fieber) (Rhynchota Anthocoridae) and hand pollination on cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.) fruit production in Sicily

Hamirdin, I.; Kamal, I.M., 1998:
Effects of removal of soil canopy cover on water resources: the case of the Durian Tunggal Dam, Melaka

Klahr, S., 1998:
Effects of renal insufficiency on nutrient metabolism and endocrine function

L.J.Yue; Blake, T.J., 1999:
Effects of repeated cycles of dehydration-rehydration on gas exchange and water use efficiency of seedlings

Hopster, H.; van der Werf, J.T.; Erkens, J.H.; Blokhuis, H.J., 1999:
Effects of repeated jugular puncture on plasma cortisol concentrations in loose-housed dairy cows

Wells, R.S.; Preston, R.L., 1998:
Effects of repeated urea dilution measurement on feedlot performance and consistency of estimated body composition in steers of different breed types

Zhakharov, A.A.; Thompson, L.C., 1998:
Effects of repeated use of fenoxycarb and hydramethylnon baits on nontarget ants

Teguia, A.; Njwe, R.M.; Foyette, C.N., 1997:
Effects of replacement of maize with dried leaves of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and perennial peanuts (Arachis glabrata Benth) on the growth performance of finishing broilers

Kailasapathy, K.; Songvanich, W., 1998:
Effects of replacing fat in ice cream with fat mimetics

Cui GuoWen; Liu QingHai; J.S.ouCai; Wang HengGuo; L.Z.ongYou; Q.B.o; W.B.nShen, 1997:
Effects of replenishing soil on frost resistance, drought resistance and forage yield in Medicago sativa

Sandstead, H.H.; Penland, J.G.; Alcock, N.W.; Dayal, H.H.; Chen, X.C.; Li, J.S.; Zhao, F.; Yang, J.J., 1998:
Effects of repletion with zinc and other micronutrients on neuropsychologic performance and growth of Chinese children

Masters, D.G.; Mata, G., 1998:
Effects of reproduction and supplementary feeding on staple strength and other wool characteristics of grazing ewes

Bergstrom, J.; Teasley, R.; Cordell, H.; Souter, R.E.glish, D., 1996:
Effects of reservoir aquatic plant management on recreational expenditures and regional economic activity

Orr, D.M., 1999:
Effects of residual dormancy on the germinable soil seed banks of tropical pastures

Roh JeangKwan, 1999:
Effects of resin compositions and additives on gelation properties and bonding characteristics of urea-melamine-formaldehyde resin adhesives

Campbell, W.W.; Joseph, L.J.; Davey, S.L.; Cyr-Campbell, D.; Anderson, R.A.; Evans, W.J., 1999:
Effects of resistance training and chromium picolinate on body composition and skeletal muscle in older men

Lisita, A.; Leite, H.G.; Campos, J.C.C.; Regazzi, A.J.; Lellis, V.G. dos S., 1997:
Effects of respacing on the production, average diameter and structure of Eucalyptus camaldulensis stands

Deans, J.; Milne, R., 1999:
Effects of respacing on young Sitka spruce crops

Toharmat, T.; Kume, S., 1997:
Effects of restricted feed intake and heat stress on Na and K status of periparturient cows and heifers

Kiiskinen, T.; Helander, E., 1998:
Effects of restricted methionine and energy intake on egg weight and shell quality

Benezra Sucre, M.A., 1998:
Effects of restricted suckling and body condition on the reproductive performance of dual-purpose cows

Sugii, H.; Abdul Hadi; Acquaye, S.; Cheng WeiGuo; Inubushi, K., 1999:
Effects of restriction of the root zone and percolation on methane emission from wet Andosol paddy fields

Chen XiaoYuan; Luo YuanPei; L.Y.nZhu, 1999 :
Effects of rewatering during the jointing stage on winter wheat exposed to water stress at the seedling stage

Wizla Derambure, N.; Michaud, L.; Sardet, A.; Deschildre, A.; Loeuille, G.A.; Tassin, E.; Loire, N.; Buisine, C.; Boutry, E.; Dias, J.; Hecquet, F.; Turck, D., 1998:
Effects of rhDNase on lung function and nutritional status in a cystic fibrosis pediatric population

Shahaby, A.F.; Emam, N.F.; Hassan, M.E.; E.S.wi, M.M.; Zahra, M.K., 1999:
Effects of rhizobiophages and fungicides on growth of Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Rhizobium meliloti as well as nodulation and growth of soybean and alfalfa

Gualberto, R.; Oliveira, P.S.R. de; Lana, M.M., 1995:
Effects of rhizobium, molybdenum, cobalt and nitrogen fertilization on common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Lim SeaGyu; Kim JungTae; Kim ByungJoo; Hong SoonPyo; Suh DuckYong; Kim WanSeok, 1997:
Effects of rice straw application on barley growth and grain yield in paddy fields

Shu ZhengPing; Chen Jie; Han ZhengKang, 1996:
Effects of rice straw supplemented with formaldehyde-treated urea (FDU) on nitrogen metabolism in the rumen of buffaloes fed indoors in winter

Zhang YangZhu; O.Z.iHong; Huang YunXiang; Zhou Qing; H.R.iZhi; Xiao YongLan, 1997:
Effects of rice-based cropping system, organic manure and groundwater level on available silica content of paddy soil derived from red earth

Zhang YangZhu; Jiang YouLi; Huang YunXiang; H.R.iZhi; Xiao YongLan, 1998:
Effects of rice-based cropping system, organic manure and groundwater level on phosphate sorption by paddy soils derived from red earth

Agusti, M.; Andreu, I.; Juan, M.; Almela, V.; Zacarias, L., 1998:
Effects of ringing branches on fruit size and maturity of peach and nectarine cultivars

Pavia, M.; Guamis, B.; Ferragut, V., 1999:
Effects of ripening time and salting method on glycolysis in Manchego-type cheese

Fallis, F.G.; Duzan, H.W.J., 1995:
Effects of ripping (deep subsoiling) on loblolly pine plantation establishment and growth - nineteen years later

Mauricio Ramos, A., 1997:
Effects of risk technology transfer to the Amazon

Griffith, L.D.; Castell Perez, M.E., 1998:
Effects of roasting and malting on physicochemical properties of select cereals and legumes

Kelly, P.E.; Larson, D.W., 1997:
Effects of rock climbing on populations of presettlement eastern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis) on cliffs of the Niagara Escarpment, Canada

Harada, N.; Iwamoto, M.; Laskar, M.S.; Hirosawa, I.; Nakamoto, M.; Shirono, S.; Wakui, T., 1998:
Effects of room temperature, seasonal condition and food intake on finger skin temperature during cold exposure test for diagnosing hand-arm vibration syndrome

Kim YeongBong; Hwang YeonHeon; Shin WonKyo, 1999:
Effects of root container size and seedling age on growth and yield of tomato

Panda, S.; Kar, A., 1997:
Effects of root extract of Ashwagandha, Withania somnifera, on function of thyroid in cockerel

Kim,; Park,; Seo, J.S.k; Kim, Y.S.o; Choi, B.S.ll, 1998:
Effects of root length and soil covering depth on the growth and quality of divided crown Paeonia lactiflora Pallas

Yamato, Y.; Sasaki, Y.; Nagaoka, M., 1997 :
Effects of root pruning, planting density and uniconazole treatment during nursery period on the growth and yield of grafted cucumber in plug tray

Atkinson, C.J.; Webster, A.D.; Vaughan, S.; Lucas, A.S., 1997:
Effects of root restriction on the physiology of apple tree growth

Mataa, M.; Tominaga, S., 1998:
Effects of root restriction on tree development in Ponkan mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco)

Hipps, N.; Higgs, K.; Collard, L., 1999:
Effects of root wrenching on the growth and water relations of Prunus avium and Castanea sativa seedlings in nursery beds and after outplanting

Goto, T.; Kageyama, Y.; Konishi, K., 1997:
Effects of root zone volume on the growth of the main and lateral shoot in Gypsophila paniculata L., Dianthus caryophyllus L. and Dendranthema grandiflora Kitamura

Toselli, M.; Flore, J.A.; Marangoni, B.; Masia, A., 1999:
Effects of root-zone temperature on nitrogen accumulation by non-bearing apple trees

Arrington, D.A.; Toth, L.A.; Koebel, J.W.J., 1999:
Effects of rooting by feral hogs Sus scrofa L. on the structure of a floodplain vegetation assemblage

Pivetta, K.F.L.; Martins, A.G.; Ruffini, F.K.; Ledra, L.R., 1999:
Effects of rooting media, indolbutyric acid and fertilization on the rooting of rose (Rosa sp. 'Dalas') leafy cuttings

Nishizawa, T.; Saito, K., 1998:
Effects of rooting volume restriction on the growth and carbohydrate concentration in tomato plants

Wang ShiPing; Okamoto, G.; Hirano, K., 1998:
Effects of rooting-zone restriction on the changes in carbohydrates and nitrogenous compounds in 'Kyoho' grapevines during winter dormancy and early shoot growth

Ponchia, G.; Fila, G.; Gardiman, M., 1997:
Effects of rootstock and interstem on growth, productivity and mineral nutrition of 'Golden Delicious' apple trees

Heimler, D.; Pieroni, A.; Cimato, A.; Cantini, C.; Sani, G., 1999:
Effects of rootstock on leaf flavonoid composition in olive trees

Lovisolo, C.; Ferrandino, A.; Guidoni, S.; Mondo, M.; Santovito, A.; Berra, L.; Pellegrino, S.; Bounous, G., 1997:
Effects of rootstock on the growth and quality of fruits of cultivar San Castrese (Prunus armeniaca L.)

Chung, H.D.n; Youn, S.J.o; Choi, Y.J.n, 1997:
Effects of rootstocks on yield, quality and components of tomato fruits

Hebden, P.M.; Rodger, S.J.; Wright, G.; Squire, G., 1998:
Effects of rotation and cropping system on dynamics of seedbank species diversity

Perdon, A.A.; Marks, B.P.; Siebenmorgen, T.J.; Reid, N.B., 1997:
Effects of rough rice storage conditions on the amylograph and cooking properties of medium-grain rice cv. Bengal

Daniels, M.J.; Marks, B.P.; Siebenmorgen, T.J.; McNew, R.W., 1998:
Effects of rough rice storage history on the end-use quality of rice

Sharpe, C.S.; Thompson, D.A.; Blankenship, H.L.e; Schreck, C.B., 1998:
Effects of routine handling and tagging procedures on physiological stress responses in juvenile chinook salmon

Samani, M.R.K.; Khajehpour, M.R.; Ghalavand, A., 1999:
Effects of row spacing and plant density on growth and dry matter accumulation in cotton in Isfahan

Arf, O.; Sa, M.E. de; Rodrigues, R.A.F.; Buzetti, S.; Stradioto, M. de F.; Pastana, A.R.M.P., 1996:
Effects of row spacing and plant density on the performance of sprinkler irrigated upland rice cultivars

Aufhammer, W.; Kubler, E., 1997:
Effects of row spacing and undersowing on the yield of silage maize and the soil Nmin content after harvest

Bailey, K.L.; Lafond, G.P.; Domitruk, D., 1998:
Effects of row spacing, seeding rate and seed-placed phosphorus on root diseases of spring wheat and barley under zero tillage

Zhang JuMing; Wang SuoMin, 1997:
Effects of row width and fertilization on seed production of Lanyin 3 turf-type zoysiagrass

Rath, N.C.; Chapman, H.D.; Fitz-Coy, S.H.; Balog, J.M.; Huff, G.R.; Huff, W.E., 1998:
Effects of roxarsone and monensin on digital flexoral tendons of broiler chickens

Kobayashi, T.; Sato, H.; Nishiguchi, Y.; Itabashi, H., 1999:
Effects of rumen-bypass amino acids and fat on milk production, rumen fermentation, and blood components in dairy cows

Olson, K.C.; Cochran, R.C.; Jones, T.J.; Vanzant, E.S.; Titgemeyer, E.C.; Johnson, D.E., 1999:
Effects of ruminal administration of supplemental degradable intake protein and starch on utilization of low-quality warm-season grass hay by beef steers

Bissonnais, Y. le; Papy, F., 1997:
Effects of runoff and erosion on suspended materials in water

Gong Qian et al., 1996:
Effects of salbutamol on carcass composition in broilers

Zhang ShiGong; Gao JiYin; Song JingZhi, 1999:
Effects of salicylic acid and aspirin on wheat seed germination under salt stress

Janda, T.; Szalai, G.; Antunovics, Z.; Ducruet, J.M.; Paldi, E., 1998:
Effects of salicylic acid and related compounds on photosynthetic parameters in young maize (Zea mays L.) plants

Bourbouloux, A.R.ymond, P.D.lrot, S., 1998:
Effects of salicylic acid on sugar and amino acid uptake

Stolley, D.S.; Bissonette, J.A.; Kadlec, J.A.; Coster, D., 1999:
Effects of saline drinking water on early gosling development

Khan, D.; Ahmad, R., 1998:
Effects of saline water irrigation on germination, growth and mineral distribution in Indigofera oblongifolia Forsk

Wang Ping; Zhang HongYi; Yin LiJuan; Wang ZhengWen; Zhou Bo, 1997:
Effects of saline-alkali habitat on absorption of Na+ by Puccinellia tenuiflora and its distribution in vivo

Kaplan, M.; Kadiroglu, A.; Durceylan, M.E.; Sener, H.R., 1999:
Effects of salinity and fertilization on tomato

Mihelakakis, A.; Yoshimatsu, T., 1998:
Effects of salinity and temperature on incubation period, hatching rate and morphogenesis of the red sea bream

Marco-Noales, E.; Biosca, E.G.; Amaro, C., 1999:
Effects of salinity and temperature on long-term survival of the eel pathogen Vibrio vulnificus biotype 2 (serovar E)

L.Y.n; Zheng DeZhang; Liao BaoWen; Zheng SongFa; Song XiangYu, 1997 :
Effects of salinity and temperature on seed germination of the mangrove Sonneratia apetala Buch. Ham

Sakamoto, Y.; Watanabe, S.; Nakashima, T.; Okano, K., 1999:
Effects of salinity at two ripening stages on the fruit quality of single-truss tomato grown in hydroponics

Cho,; Chung, S.J., 1997:
Effects of salinity in nutrient solution during seedling stage and after transplanting on the growth and development of aeroponically grown tomato

Feng Gu; Bai DengSha; Yang MaoQiu; L.X.aoLin; Zhang FuSuo, 1999:
Effects of salinity on VA mycorrhiza formation and of inoculation with VAM fungi on salt tolerance of plants

W.G.oMin; Chen KunCi; Luo JianRen; Lin GuoGuang; L.D.Jian; L.H.anSong, 1998:
Effects of salinity on embryonic development of Clarias fuscus, Clarias lazera and their F1s

Khan, M.A.; Ungar, I.A.; Showalter, A.M., 1999:
Effects of salinity on growth, ion content, and osmotic relations in Halopyrum mucronatum (L.) Stapf

Karakoc, M., 1999:
Effects of salinity on the accumulation of copper in liver, gill and muscle tissues of Tilapia nilotica

Shepherd, B.S.; Ron, B.; Burch, A.; Sparks, R.; Richman, N.H.I.I.I.; Shimoda, S.K.; Stetson, M.H.; Lim, C.; Grau, E.G., 1997:
Effects of salinity, dietary level of protein and 17 alpha -methyltestosterone on growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (tPRL177 and tPRL188) levels in the tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus

Dawson, L.H.; Pike, A.W.; Houlihan, D.F.; McVicar, A.H., 1998:
Effects of salmon lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis on sea trout Salmo trutta at different times after seawater transfer

Tekin, F.; Bozcuk, S., 1998 :
Effects of salt and exogenous putrescine on seed germination and early seedling growth of Helianthus annuus L. var. Santafe

Zhang, H.Y.n; Zhao, K.F., 1998:
Effects of salt and water stresses on osmotic adjustment of Suaeda salsa seedlings

Kasumov, N.A.; Abbasova, Z.I.; Gunduz, G., 1998:
Effects of salt stress of the respiratory components of some plants

Soussi, M.; Khadri, M.; Pliego, L.; Ocana, A.; Lluch, C., 1998:
Effects of salt stress on the symbiosis Cicer arietinum L. - Mesorhizobium ciceri

Gotera Prado, Z.; Quintero, J.B.; Huerta Leidenz, N.; Prado Gotera, Z., 1997:
Effects of salting, cut type, and simmering temperature on protein and fat contents of meat broth. I. Beef

O'Carroll, J.M.; Davies, P.R.; Correa, M.T.; Slenning, B.D., 1999:
Effects of sample storage and delayed secondary enrichment on detection of Salmonella spp in swine feces

Sapirstein, H.; Kohler, J., 1999:
Effects of sampling and wheat grade on precision and accuracy of kernel features determined by digital image analysis

Reisen, W.K.; Lothrop, H.D., 1999:
Effects of sampling design on the estimation of adult mosquito abundance

Abu Awwad, A.M., 1998:
Effects of sand column, furrow and supplemental irrigation on agricultural production in an arid environment

Bridge, A.P.; Wootton, R.W., 1998:
Effects of satiation and food deprivation on feeding behaviour in the pholcid spider, Pholcus phalangioides

Lee, M.G.; Li, S.; Jarvis, B.B.; Pestka, J.J., 1999:
Effects of satratoxins and other macrocyclic trichothecenes on IL-2 production and viability of EL-4 thymoma cells

Elliott, J.P.; Drackley, J.K.; Beaulieu, A.D.; Aldrich, C.G.; Merchen, N.R., 1999:
Effects of saturation and esterification of fat sources on site and extent of digestion in steers: digestion of fatty acids, triglycerides, and energy

Elliott, J.P.; Drackley, J.K.; Aldrich, C.G.; Merchen, N.R., 1997:
Effects of saturation and esterification of fat sources on site and extent of digestion in steers: ruminal fermentation and digestion of organic matter, fiber, and nitrogen

Gerasopoulos, D.; Chebli, B., 1998:
Effects of scape-injected 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) on the vase life of 'Testarossa' cut gerberas

Nicoloso, F.T.; Garlet, A.; Zanchetti, F.; Sebem, E., 1997:
Effects of scarification methods on dormancy break of seeds and of substrates on germination and on development of grapia (Apuleia leiocarpa)

Machado, R.L.T.; Turatti, A.L.; Alonco, A.S.; Machado, A.L.T.; Reis, A.V., 1997:
Effects of scarifying on physical parameters of a Planosol

Mustafa, A.; Bowers, J.; MacWilliams, C.; Fernandez, N.; Conboy, G.; Burka, J.F., 1998:
Effects of sea lice infestation on macrophage functions in Atlantic salmon

Kim SangSu; Back NamHyun; Choi MinGue; Choi WeonYoung; Park HongKyu; Yang WonHa; Sin HyunTak; Cho SooYeon; Kwon OhDo; Park HeungGyu, 1998:
Effects of sea water flooding condition at different growth stages on the damage symptoms and yield of rice

Yang, C.X.; Shewfelt, R.L., 1999:
Effects of sealing of stem scar on ripening rate and internal ethylene, oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations of tomato fruits

Glauber, C.E.; Cappelletti, C.A.; Dick, A.R., 1995:
Effects of season and herd on the efficiency of oestrus detection in dairy herds

Yilmaz, A.; Davis, M.E.; Simmen, R.C.M., 1999:
Effects of season and selection for high vs. low blood serum insulin-like growth factor 1 concentration on reproductive performance of cows

Yilmaz, A.; Davis, M.E.; Simmen, R.C.M., 1999:
Effects of season and selection for high vs. low blood serum insulin-like growth factor I concentration on reproductive performance of bulls

Riha, J.; Frelich, J.; Golda, J., 1998:
Effects of season on embryo recovery rate and quality in beef cattle

McMahon, C.D.; Corson, I.D.; Littlejohn, R.P.; Stuart, S.K.; Veenvliet, B.A.; Suttie, J.M., 1997:
Effects of season, protein and nutritional state on glucose tolerance during an annual cycle of growth in young red deer stags

Macdonald, A.J.; Poulton, P.R.; Powlson, D.S.; Jenkinson, D.S., 1997:
Effects of season, soil type and cropping on recoveries, residues and losses of 15N-labelled fertilizer applied to arable crops in spring

Lei, T.T.; Tabuchi, R.; Kitao, M.; Takahashi, K.; Koike, T., 1998:
Effects of season, weather and vertical position on the variation in light quantity and quality in a Japanese deciduous broadleaf forest

Feil, H.; Westerdahl, B.B.; Smith, R.J.; Verdegaal, P., 1997:
Effects of Seasonal and Site Factors on Xiphinema index Populations in Two California Vineyards

Bragg, T.B.; Stubbendieck, J.; Butterfield, C., 1999:
Effects of seasonal burning and mowing on an ungrazed, restored tallgrass prairie

Lee HsinChen; Lee BingHer; Chen YiHsin; Liu FuCheng, 1998:
Effects of seasonal changes of climatic factors on the growth of leafy sweet potato

Brose, P.V.n-Lear, D., 1999:
Effects of seasonal prescribed fires on residual overstory trees in oak-dominated shelterwood stands

Asleson, M.A.; Hellgren, E.C.; Varner, L.W., 1997:
Effects of seasonal protein restriction on antlerogenesis and body mass in adult male white-tailed deer

Bullock, S.H., 1998:
Effects of seasonal rainfall on radial growth in two tropical tree species

Ntare, B.R.; Williams, J.H.; Ndunguru, B.J., 1998:
Effects of seasonal variation in temperature and cultivar on yield and yield determination of irrigated groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) during the dry season in the Sahel of West Africa

Chaukiyal, S.P.; Singh, K.C.H.; Pokhriyal, T.C., 1999:
Effects of seasonal variations on nodulation and nitrogen fixation behaviour in some Acacia species

Kigutha, H.N.; Staveren, W.A. van; Veerman, W.; Hautvast, J.G.A.J., 1998:
Effects of seasonality on household food availability among smallholder rural households in Kenya: impact of land size, household size and composition

Hsieh WeinChang; Tsai WenFu, 1998:
Effects of seasons and growth days on phenolic acids in Pangola grass and Delhi grass

Tyagi, D.K.; Chawla, H.S., 1999:
Effects of seasons and hormones on crossability barriers and in vitro hybrid development between Vigna radiata and V. unguiculata

Schroeder, P.A.; Pruett, R.J.; Hurst, V.J., 1998:
Effects of secondary iron phases on kaolinite 27Al MAS NMR spectra

Komada, F.; Nishiguchi, K.; Tanigawara, Y.; Iwakawa, S.; Okumura, K., 1999:
Effects of secretable SOD delivered by genetically modified cells on xanthine/xanthine oxidase and paraquat-induced cytotoxicity in vitro

Mcmurray, M.H.; Jenkins, S.H.; Longland, W.S., 1997:
Effects of seed density on germination and establishment of a native and an introduced grass species dispersed by granivorous rodents

Parish, R.L.; Bracy, R.P., 1998:
Effects of seed depth and opener type on seed emergence

Ghassemi Golezani, K.; Nasrollahzadeh, S.; Rahimzadeh Khoyi, F.; Moghaddam, M., 1996:
Effects of seed development and maturation on wheat seed quality under irrigated and non-irrigated conditions

Volkmar, K.M.; Bremer, E., 1998:
Effects of seed inoculation with a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens on root growth and activity of wheat in well-watered and drought-stressed glass-fronted rhizotrons

Karim, S.M.R.; Aziz, M.A.; Shalauddin, A.B.M.; Islam, N., 1998:
Effects of seed rate and relative time of seeding on the performance of relay wheat in transplant autumn rice

Agung, S.; McDonald, G.K., 1998:
Effects of seed size and maturity on the growth and yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.)

A.Q.sem, H.; Kafawin, O.; Duwayri, M., 1999:
Effects of seed size and temperature on germination of two wheat cultivars

Wang YanRong; Zeng YanJun, 1997:
Effects of seed soaking on germination of Zoysia japonica cv. Lanyin No. 8

Solanke, R.B.; Kore, S.S.; Jawale, L.N., 1996:
Effects of seed treatment with fungicides on viability and mycoflora during storage of the cotton seeds

Fatima, Z.; Bano, A., 1998:
Effects of seed treatment with growth hormones and rhizobium on the oil contents, nitrogen fixation and yield of soybean

Humphreys, J.; Cooke, B.M.; Storey, T., 1998:
Effects of seed-borne Microdochium nivale on establishment and population density at harvest of winter-sown oats

Hemmat, A., 1996:
Effects of seedbed preparation and planting methods on emergence of irrigated winter wheat

Hane, D.; Hamm, P., 1999:
Effects of seedborne potato virus Y infection in two potato cultivars expressing mild disease symptoms

Tarekegne, A., 1996:
Effects of seeding date on yield and yield components of bread wheat

Kramberger, B.; Gselman, A., 1998:
Effects of seeding rate and time of cut on the yield and quality of sudangrass (Sorghum sudanense (Piper) Stapf.)

Zhang HuiMei; Sun ZhiQiang; H.X.Lai, 1998:
Effects of seeding time on the resistance to diseases and the yield traits of summer Chinese cabbage

Lee JiWeon; Kim KwangYong, 1999:
Effects of seedling age and transplanting depth on growth and yield of tomato

Jinks, R.; Mason, B., 1998:
Effects of seedling density on the growth of Corsican pine (Pinus nigra var. maritima Melv.), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii Franco) in containers

Han JianGuo; Lin Jun; P.X.nChun; Mao PeiSheng; L.M.n, 1997:
Effects of seedling managements on spring sown turf quality

Karle, A.S.; Quadri, S.J.; Dhoble, M.V., 1997:
Effects of seedling tuber size and fertility levels on growth and yield of potato by TPS

L.X.uJu; Yao HuaiYing; Meng FanJing, 1999:
Effects of seeds soaking in zearalenone on drought resistance of maize seedlings

Chui, Y.H.; Ward, B., 1999:
Effects of segment lengths on dimensional stability of 2x4 finger-joined lumber

Powell, J.S.; Raffa, K.F., 1999:
Effects of selected Larix laricina terpenoids on Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) development and behavior

Wang, F.L.; Yu, T.R.; Huang, P.M., 1998:
Effects of selected cations and anions on pK-0.5pCa values for a Mn oxide system

Hanumarangaiah ; Lakshminarayan, M.T.; Anand, T.N.; Manjunatha, B.N., 1998:
Effects of selected factors on productivity of sugarcane

Garza, D.L.; Feltz, D.L., 1998:
Effects of selected mental practice on performance, self-efficacy, and competition confidence of figure skaters

Kruse, J.J.; Raffa, K.F., 1997 :
Effects of selected midwestern larval host plants on performance by two strains of the gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) parasitoid Cotesia melanoscela (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

Sparks, A.N.J.; Norman, J.W.; Raulston, J.R.; Spurgeon, D.W.; Tanner, B.F., 1997:
Effects of selected pesticides on populations of beneficial arthropods in lower Rio Grande Valley cotton

Traulsen, B.D.; Strumpf, T.; Schonhard, G., 1998:
Effects of selected soil additives on cadmium uptake of various crops

Lee, C.M.; Gongaware, D.F., 1998:
Effects of selected soil characteristics on the removal of diesel fuel by supercritical carbon dioxide

A.Shawabkeh, K., 1998:
Effects of selected sugars on mortality, body weight and cecal colonization after infecting broiler chicks with Salmonella enteritidis

Lopez Villalobos, N.; Garrick, D.J.; Spelman, R.J.; Holmes, C.W.; Blair, H.T., 1998:
Effects of selection and crossbreeding on industry returns from whole milk powder, butter and casein in the New Zealand dairy industry

Rumph, P.F.; Steiss, J.E.; Montgomery, R.D., 1997:
Effects of selection and habituation on vertical ground reaction force in greyhounds

Ooishi, T.; Kikuchi, S.I.; Yajima, T.; Shimizu, O.; Nakamura, F., 1998:
Effects of selection cutting on forest dynamics in the Shiretoko National Forest: stand structure and regeneration pattern, ten years after cutting

Altan, O.; Oguz, I.; Akbas, Y., 1998:
Effects of selection for high body weight and age of hen on egg characteristics in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

Grandhi, R.R., 1997:
Effects of selection for lower backfat, and increased dietary lysine level to digestible energy with supplemental threonine and methionine on lactation performance of Yorkshire and Hampshire sows

Grandhi, R.R.; Cliplef, R.L., 1997:
Effects of selection for lower backfat, and increased levels of dietary amino acids to digestible energy on growth performance, carcass merit and meat quality in boars, gilts, and barrows

Totok, A.D.H.; Shon, T.K.; Yoshida, T., 1998:
Effects of selection for yield components on grain yield in pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoideum Rich.)

Yadav, R.K.; Rao, S.K.; Singh, C.B., 1997:
Effects of selection on association of yield and its components in chickpea

Sato, S.; Konno, K.; Ono, H.; Suzuki, T., 1997:
Effects of selenium and vitamin E on nitroblue tetrazolium reduction by neutrophils and the mitogenic response of lymphocytes in cows during the periparturient period

Naziroglu, M.; Cay, M.; Tahan, V.; Bal, R.; Delibas, N., 1998:
Effects of selenium and vitamin E supplementation on concentrations of plasma thyroid hormones in lambs

Apsite, M.; Berzina, N.; Basova, N., 1999:
Effects of selenium on the antioxidant system after introduction of cadmium in chicks

L.Y.Hua; Wang XingSuo; Dong XiuTian, 1996:
Effects of selenium supplementation in diet on the ruminal digestion and metabolism of goats

Aro, A.; Alfthan, G.; Ekholm, P.; Varo, P., 1998:
Effects of selenium supplementation of fertilizers on human nutrition and selenium status

Gissel Nielsen, Gunnar, 1998:
Effects of selenium supplementation of field crops

Hua LuoMing; X.G.angLu; Tan WuHong et al., 1997:
Effects of selenium supplementation on plasma and platelet thromboxane of residents in a keshan disease area

Parshad, R.K., 1999:
Effects of selenium toxicity on oestrous cyclicity, ovarian follicles, ovulation and foetal survival in rats

Huang ZhiJian; Lin FanPing; Qiu ChenLiang; Luo JinMu; W.Y.Shan, 1999:
Effects of selenium-enriched yeast on antioxidation capacity of dairy cows

Lohr, B.A.; Scogin, F., 1998:
Effects of self-administered visuo-motor behavioral rehearsal on sport performance of collegiate athletes

Nascimento, E.F.; Silva Filho, J.M.; Vale Filho, V.R.; Nacimento, J.K.; Mello, M.I.V., 1998:
Effects of semen diluent and cooling on some sperm characters in boars

Serres, C.; Castro, E.; Tristan, M.; Arriba, A.; Del Rio, A.; Gomez Cuetara, C.; Mateos, E., 1997:
Effects of semen handling and diluent on sperm viability in refrigerated dog semen

Harayama, H.; Imano, A.; Miyake, M.; Kato, S., 1998:
Effects of seminal plasma components on motility and acrosomal integrity of Meishan boar spermatozoa after cooling treatments

Zakhartchenko, V.; Durcova-Hills, G.; Stojkovic, M.; Schernthaner, W.; Prelle, K.; Steinborn, R.; Müller, M.; Brem, G.; Wolf, E., 1999:
Effects of serum starvation and re-cloning on the efficiency of nuclear transfer using bovine fetal fibroblasts

Inbar, M.; Doostdar, H.; Mayer, R.T., 1999:
Effects of sessile whitefly nymphs (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on leaf-chewing larvae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Wright, D.; Baloch, M.K., 1999:
Effects of seven common arable weeds on the yield of normal and semi-leafless pea varieties

Gonzalez, M.; Bahena, F.; Vinuela, E., 1998:
Effects of several IGR's on the parasitoid Opius concolor Szepligeti via parasitization of treated hosts

M.G.oHua; X.Q.uSheng; Xian YunLan, 1999:
Effects of several auxins on somatic embryogenesis and plantlet regeneration in cassava

Shim, S.I.; Lee, S.G.; Kang, B.H., 1998:
Effects of several chemicals and burial of seeds into the soil on dormancy-breaking of weed species

Shin SeungWon; Lim Sook, 1998:
Effects of several elicitors and amino acids on production of taxane derivatives in cultured cells

Zhang JiPing; Wang ZhiJie; H.L.Juan; Y.S.uanQuan, 1998:
Effects of several environmental factors on the reproduction of Buthus martensi

X.X.aoZhong; Yang MingGuan, 1998:
Effects of several factors on artificial hatching of silkworm eggs treated with corona discharge

F.Y.Gui; Y.J.anMing; M.C.engRong;, 1998:
Effects of several factors on available lysine content in cottonseed meal

Abe, H.; Shinmura, A.; Shiba, H., 1997:
Effects of several fungicides on carnation leaf spot caused by Heterosporium echinulatum in Hokkaido

Guo LiQiong; Lin JunYang; Huang LiYing; Xie BaoGui, 1997:
Effects of several insecticides and acaricides on the growth of Agaricus bisporus

Lim SangCheol; Youn CheolKu; Kim YoungHo; Kim HagHyun; Lee CheolHee; Choi KwanSoon; Kim SeonKyu, 1998:
Effects of several mounding materials on rooting of M.9 part in M.9/seedling double-grafted nurseries

Stefanini, M.; Pinamonti, F.; Dorigoni, A., 1997:
Effects of several rootstocks on vegetative, productive and nutritional status of Chardonnay in Trentino

Rohrs, L.H.; Fourie, A.B.; Blight, G.E., 1998:
Effects of sewage sludge and refuse composition on the rate of degradation and leachate quality of co-disposed waste in a water-deficient environment

Abd Alla, M.H.; Yan Feng; Schubert, S., 1999:
Effects of sewage sludge application on nodulation, nitrogen fixation, and plant growth of faba bean, soybean, and lupin

Fiest, L.C.; Andreoli, C.V.; Machado, M.A. de M., 1998:
Effects of sewage sludge application on the physical properties of soil

Michalk, D.L.; Curtis, I.H.; Langford, C.M.; Simpson, P.C.; Seaman, J.T., 1996:
Effects of sewage sludge on pasture production and sheep performance

Bragato, G.; Leita, L.; Figliolia, A.; D.N.bili, M., 1998:
Effects of sewage sludge pre-treatment on microbial biomass and bioavailability of heavy metals

Caro T.W.; Araya A.E.; Nunez K.H.; Barahona R.A., 1996:
Effects of sex and age on carcass yield and evaluation of chemical and organoleptic carcass characters of smoked rabbit meat

Zelenka, J., 1999:
Effects of sex and age upon utilization of zinc in chickens

Lee, J.J.; Kim, J.G.; Chung, C.S., 1999:
Effects of sex and energy restriction on adipose tissue lipogenesis and lipogenic enzyme activity in the pigs

Holst, P.J.; Hall, D.G.; Stanley, D.F.; Nolan, J.V., 1997:
Effects of sex and liveweight on feeding behaviour of crossbred weaner lambs receiving oaten grain supplement on lucerne pasture

Sano, A.; Nishimura, K.; Miyaji, M., 1999:
Effects of sex hormones on sexual difference of experimental paracoccidioidomycosis

Taboada, P.; Perez, A.; Myra, J.; Morfa, O.; Sanchez, M.E., 1998:
Effects of sex on the carcass yield and meat composition of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

Watanabe, T.; Banno, T.; Jeziorowski, T.; Ohsawa, Y.; Waguri, S.; Grube, D.; Uchiyama, Y., 1998:
Effects of sex steroids on secretory granule formation in gonadotropes of castrated male rats with respect to granin expression

Huber, D.; Kusak, J.; Zvorc, Z.; Rafaj, R.B., 1997:
Effects of sex, age, capturing method, and season on serum chemistry values of brown bears in Croatia

Ozturk, E.; Sarica, M.; Saylam, K.; Yildrim, A., 1998:
Effects of sex-separated broiler growing on performance and carcass traits

Zhao DuLi; Oosterhuis, D., 1997:
Effects of shade on carbohydrate and mineral nutrient status of field-grown cotton

Garrido, L.M. do A.G.; Cruz, S.F.; Faria, H.H. de; Garrido, M.A. de O.; Boas, O.V., 1997:
Effects of shade on the growth of aroeira - Myracrodruon urundeuva Fr. All

Paul, R.M.; Turner, L.W.; Larson, B.T., 1998:
Effects of shade on tympanic temperatures and production parameters of grazing beef cows

O.B.ien, P.J.; Firman, D.M.; Allen, E.J., 1998:
Effects of shading and seed tuber spacing on initiation and number of tubers in potato crops (Solanum tuberosum)

Matsui, N.; Yoneda, K., 1999:
Effects of shading and temperature on the growth and flowering of Miltonia

Muschler, R.G., 1997:
Effects of shading by Erythrina poeppigiana on Coffea arabica cvs Caturra and cv. Catimor

Chang, C.S.eng; Yih, M.S.iouh, 1996:
Effects of shading culture on growth and cut-flower quality in summer spray chrysanthemum

Koike, T.; Miyashita, N.; Toda, H., 1997:
Effects of shading on leaf structure characteristics in successional deciduous broadleaved tree seedlings and their silvicultural meaning

Asada, T.; Ogasawara, M., 1996:
Effects of shading on shoot formation in young apple trees

Fan YanPing; Y.R.ngCai; Guo ZhiHua, 1998:
Effects of shading on the growth and photosynthetic characteristics in Spathiphyllum palls

Jeong HyunHwan; Kim KiSun, 1999:
Effects of shading on the growth of Hedera rhombea Bean and Pachysandra terminalis Sieb. et Zucc

Mataa, M.; Tominaga, S., 1998:
Effects of shading stage and level on fruit set and development, leaf carbohydrates and photosynthesis in Ponkan (Citrus reticulata Blanco)

Yoo BongSik; Chung HaeJoon; Chung SoonKyung; Kim WonHee; Lee KwangSeek; Cho MyoungRae, 1998:
Effects of shading, chilling and gibberellin treatments on the flowering of azalea (Rhododendron spp.)

Graglia, E.; Jonasson, S.; Michelsen, A.; Schmidt, I.K., 1997:
Effects of shading, nutrient application and warming on leaf growth and shoot densities of dwarf shrubs in two arctic-alpine plant communities

Nakamoto, H.; Kuroshima, M.; Shiozawa, K., 1998:
Effects of shading, temperature, watering, application of manure on the oxalate, nitrate, vitamin C contents of spinach

Pirisi, A.; Piredda, G.; Papoff, C.M.; D.S.lvo, R.; Pintus, S.; Garro, G.; Ferranti, P.; Chianese, L., 1999:
Effects of sheep alpha s1-casein CC, CD and DD genotypes on milk composition and cheesemaking properties

Saylam, S.K.; Sarica, M., 1997:
Effects of shell thickness, shell pores and egg weight loss on hatchability of Japanese quail eggs

H.H.iBo; Zhang JinChi; Wang DianPing; Wang ChengGang; L.G.oZhao, 1997:
Effects of shelter-forest belt (network) for farmland on wheat output in Xuhuai Plain area

Park SeWon; Kwon Yong; Chi SoungHan; Hong SeJin; Park YounMoon, 1999:
Effects of shipping temperature on quality changes of cucumber, eggplant, melon, and cherry-tomato fruit during simulated export and marketing

Miyamura, M.; Ono, M.; Kyotani, S.; Nishioka, Y., 1998:
Effects of sho-saiko-to extract on fibrosis and regeneration of the liver in rats

Naber, A.C.; Aarssen, L.W., 1998:
Effects of shoot apex removal and fruit herbivory on branching, biomass and reproduction in Verbascum thapsus (Scrophulariaceae)

Venecz, J.I.; Aarssen, L.W., 1998:
Effects of shoot apex removal in Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae): assessing the costs of reproduction and apical dominance

Leonhard-Marek, S.; Gäbel, G.; Martens, H., 1998:
Effects of short chain fatty acids and carbon dioxide on magnesium transport across sheep rumen epithelium

Abukhashim, N.K.; Luff, M.L., 1997:
Effects of short exposure periods to low temperatures on the biology of Tetranychus urticae

Reis, L.H.; Gama, L.T.; Soares, M.C., 1997:
Effects of short storage conditions and broiler breeder age on hatchability, hatching time, and chick weights

Mennicken, L.; Cicek, T.; Petersen, J., 1999:
Effects of short term feed restriction on development of body weight, egg number and egg weight in laying hens

Batu, A.; Thompson, A.K., 1998:
Effects of short term high carbon dioxide treatment on tomato ripening

Cheng, S.H.; Moore, B.; Seemann, J.R., 1998:
Effects of short- and long-term elevated CO2 on the expression of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase genes and carbohydrate accumulation in leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh

Chaudhuri, K.; Choudhuri, M.A., 1998:
Effects of short-term NaCl stress on water relations and gas exchange of two jute species

Akesson, K.; Lau, K.H.; Johnston, P.; Imperio, E.; Baylink, D.J., 1998:
Effects of short-term calcium depletion and repletion on biochemical markers of bone turnover in young adult women

Arciero, P.J.; Smith, D.L.; Calles-Escandon, J., 1998:
Effects of short-term inactivity on glucose tolerance, energy expenditure, and blood flow in trained subjects

Riecken, U., 1999:
Effects of short-term sampling on ecological characterization and evaluation of epigeic spider communities and their habitats for site assessment studies

Fink, M.; Krug, H., 1998:
Effects of short-term temperature changes on photosynthesis, respiration, and tuber growth of kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea convar. acephala var. gongylodes L.)

Sangel, P.P.; Estacio, M.A.C.; Lustria, A.R.J.; Reodica, M.P.; Silva, L.M., 1999:
Effects of sialoadenectomy on the quality and quantity of epididymal spermatozoa in rats

Rodriguez, A.A.; Rust, S.R.; Riquelme, E.O.; Yokoyama, M.T., 1996:
Effects of silage additives and duration of aerobic exposure on the in vitro degradability and dry matter recovery of forage sorghum ensiled at two stages of maturity

Potsch, E.M., 1998:
Effects of silage additives on fermentation and quality of grass silage

Miettinen, H.O.; Huhtanen, P.J., 1997:
Effects of silage fermentation and post-ruminal casein supplementation in lactating dairy cows. 2. Energy metabolites and plasma amino acids

Zhao QuanZhi; Gao ErMing, 1998:
Effects of silicon application on rice in a rice area along the Yellow River

Agarie, S.; Hanaoka, N.; Ueno, O.; Miyazaki, A.; Kubota, F.; Agata, W.; Kaufman, P.B., 1998:
Effects of silicon on tolerance to water deficit and heat stress in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.), monitored by electrolyte leakage

Agarie, S.; Uchida, H.; Agata, W.; Kubota, F.; Kaufman, P.B., 1998:
Effects of silicon on transpiration and leaf conductance in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.)

G.M.ngHua; Koyama, H.; Hara, T., 1998:
Effects of silicon supply on amelioration of aluminum injury and chemical forms of aluminum in rice plants

Barth, K.; Schatzl, D.; Worstorff, H., 1999:
Effects of silicone liner head reinforcement and shore hardness on deformation characteristics and milkability of cows

Du-Toit, L.; Pataky, J., 1999:
Effects of silk maturity and pollination on infection of maize ears by Ustilago maydis

Luz, J.M.Q.; Pinto, J.E.B.P.; Dias Ehlert, P.A.; Cerqueira, E.S., 1997:
Effects of silver nitrate, activated charcoal and acetylsalicylic acid on embryogenesis of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) anthers

Shupe, T.; Hse, C.; Choong, E.; Groom, L., 1997:
Effects of silvicultural practice and moisture content level on loblolly pine veneer mechanical properties

Cutini, A.; Benvenuti, C., 1996:
Effects of silvicultural treatment on canopy cover and soil water content in a Quercus cerris L. coppice

Chambers, C.L.; Mccomb, W.C., 1997:
Effects of silvicultural treatments on wintering bird communities in the Oregon coast range

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