EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
47,893,527
Abstracts:
28,296,643
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Epidemiology of cerebral malaria and its mortality






Jpma. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 47(8): 213-215

Epidemiology of cerebral malaria and its mortality

Over the past 5 years, 1620 comatosed patients of both sexes aged 1-75 years were screened for cerebral malaria. Of these, 505 (31.2%) were positive for Plasmodium falciparum. During this period frequency of malaria increased from 22.1% in 1991 to 44.4% in 1995. Sixty-four percent cases of cerebral malaria were seen in children and thirty-six percent in adults. Mortality was also higher (41%) in children than in adults (25%). As cerebral malaria is particularly prevalent in Pakistan and is a major community problem, accurate and easier methods of its diagnosis are needed at primary health care level, in all febrile comatose patients, without focal neurological findings. (JPMA 47:213,1997).


Accession: 003127573

PMID: 9339620



Related references

Maitland, K.; Williams, T.N.; Peto, T.; Day, K.P.; Clegg, J.B.; Weatherall, D.J.; Bowden, D.K., 1996: Absence of cerebral malaria and malaria-specific mortality in children on Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu, South Pacific, an area of hyper-endemic malaria. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology 90(4): 440

Bloland, P.B.; Boriga, D.A.; Ruebush, T.K.; McCormick, J.B.; Roberts, J.M.; Oloo, A.J.; Hawley, W.; Lal, A.; Nahlen, B.; Campbell, C.C., 1999: Longitudinal cohort study of the epidemiology of malaria infections in an area of intense malaria transmission II. Descriptive epidemiology of malaria infection and disease among children. A large-scale longitudinal cohort study of malaria was initiated in the Asembo Bay area of western Kenya in June 1992, as described in the paper by Bloland et al. on page 635 of the same issue of the journal. Between June 1992 and July 1994, 1848...

Uttley, K.H., 1961: Epidemiology and mortality of malaria in Antigua, BWI, 1857-1956. Registration of deaths and the/certification of the cause of death have been fairly accurate in Antigua for the last century; a survey of these records shows that during that period malaria has been moderately prevalent, with wide variations, unti...

Schmutzhard, E.; Aichner, F.; Gerstenbrand, F., 1983: Cerebral malaria - epidemiology, pathology, clinical picture, therapy. 43.3% of malaria cases imported into the German Federal Republic in the 1970's were Plasmodium falciparum, mostly from Africa. The epidemiology, pathology, symptomatology and therapy (chloroquine, quinine and other drugs) are described, based...

John, C.C.; Opika-Opoka, R.; Byarugaba, J.; Idro, R.; Boivin, M.J., 2006: Low levels of RANTES are associated with mortality in children with cerebral malaria. Background. In children with cerebral malaria (CM), serum chemokine levels and associated morbidity and mortality have not been characterized. Methods. Serum levels of the cytokines interleukin (IL)-1 beta , IL-6, IL-10, interferon (IFN)- gamma ,...

Solomon, W.; Wilson, N.O.; Anderson, L.; Pitts, S.; Patrickson, J.; Liu, M.; Ford, B.D.; Stiles, J.K., 2014: Neuregulin-1 attenuates mortality associated with experimental cerebral malaria. Cerebral Malaria (CM) is a diffuse encephalopathy caused by Plasmodium falciparum infection. Despite availability of antimalarial drugs, CM-associated mortality remains high at approximately 30% and a subset of survivors develop neurological and c...

Rho M., 1984: Cerebral malaria epidemiology clinical aspects and prevalence in a rural hospital in uganda. Cerebral malaria, a particular manifestation of malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum, has been studied among the children admitted in a hospital of North Uganda [Africa]. Cerebral malaria appears in subjects without a specific immunity, can be rap...

Carme, B.; Bouquety, J.C.; Plassart, H., 1993: Mortality and sequelae due to cerebral malaria in African children in Brazzaville, Congo. This study was carried out on 170 children admitted to the University Hospital of Brazzaville (Congo) for cerebral malaria between January 1, 1988 and June 30, 1989. The selection criteria were 1) unarousable coma, cerebrospinal fluid without micr...

Gbadoe, A.D.; Amenyah, K.A.; Agbere, A.D.; Assimadi, J.K., 2004: Decrease in the mortality rate of cerebral malaria after systematic infusion of 10% glucose. A previous study of cerebral malaria in children in Togo in 1994-1995 showed that the mortality rate was 21.4% and that hypoglycaemia was a frequent complication (11.6%). A link between hypoglycaemia and mortality rate has since been established....

Anonymous, 1960: Studies on the epidemiology of malaria in New Guinea VI Unstable highland malaria - Analysis of data and possibilities for eradication of malaria