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Escherichia coli associated cellulitis in broilers: correlation with systemic infection and microscopic visceral lesions, and evaluation for skin trimming

Escherichia coli associated cellulitis in broilers: correlation with systemic infection and microscopic visceral lesions, and evaluation for skin trimming

Avian Diseases 41(4): 935-940

In Alberta, cellulitis condemnations average 0.5% and are among the highest in Canada. Presently, all cellulitis-affected birds are condemned for fear of systemic infections and public health implications. In a slaughterhouse sample of 102 birds condemned with cellulitis, Escherichia coli was isolated from 83.3% of the lesions. All hearts were cultured and from 11.2% E. coli was recovered. Gross lesions of perihepatitis, infected oviducts, and arthritis were found in 11.2%, 6.7%, and 2.9% of the birds, respectively. Serotyping suggested that visceral infection occurs independent of cellulitis in at least half of the cases. There was no correlation between microscopic visceral lesions and positive bacterial cultures. Two E. coli isolates of serogroup 0157 produced no toxin and neither isolate produced CS31A, F107, or F1845 fimbriae. Cellulitis lesions ranged from 0.55 to 218.9 cm2. All lesions under 16 cm2 and 64% of lesions up to 48 cm2 were considered suitable for trimming.

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Accession: 003128220

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DOI: 10.2307/1592349

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