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Evaluation of overall reproductive performance of dairy herds



Evaluation of overall reproductive performance of dairy herds



Journal of Dairy Science 81(7): 1848-1854



Reproductive efficiency was assessed in 106 commercial dairy herds in Ontario. Herds that were similar in historical calving interval or projected calving interval varied widely in reproductive culling rate. The correlation between the reproductive culling rate and the historic calving interval and between the reproductive culling rate and the projected calving interval were -0.23 and were not significant. The coefficient of variation associated with the reproductive culling rate (75.7%) was much higher than that of the historical calving interval (3.8%) or the projected calving interval (4.5%). The repeatability of the reproductive culling rate (0.26) was much lower than that of the historical calving interval (0.81) or the projected calving interval (0.60) because culling rate was not only influenced by the overall herd reproductive performance, but also by the differences in the maximal allowable days open for rebreeding and the estimation of which cows were culled for reproductive failure. Additionally, a high coefficient of variation for the reproductive culling rate is unavoidable because this variable has a binomial distribution and a low mean value (7.5%). These disadvantages are not sufficient to exclude this measure from a comprehensive assessment of overall herd reproductive performance. The projected calving interval and the reproductive culling rate can be combined into the adjusted calving interval and thus interpreted jointly. On 40.5% of the farms providing data for this study, fertility assessment based on the projected calving interval indicated better reproductive performance than that based on adjusted calving interval. Hence, the assessment of herd fertility on the basis of projected calving interval can lead to a different and erroneous conclusion regarding the level of herd fertility than that obtained with the evaluation based on adjusted calving interval.

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Accession: 003132429

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9710751

DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(98)75755-8


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