+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Host-specific insect herbivores as sensors of climate change in arctic and alpine environments

Host-specific insect herbivores as sensors of climate change in arctic and alpine environments

Arctic & Alpine Research 30(1): 78-83

The distributions of host-specific herbivorous insects along latitudinal and altitudinal gradients, particularly within arctic and alpine environments, provide useful analogs for predicted future changes that are likely to occur over time at any one location, given a gradually changing thermal environment. It is suggested that selected examples of these insect/plant systems can serve as highly responsive sensors of changing climatic temperatures. Distributions of insects that show a restricted occurrence within the overall range of their host plant are predicted to respond more rapidly than the distribution of the host plants themselves. Examples are given to show how these insect-plant systems might be used to monitor longterm temperature change. These examples, drawn from both our published and unpublished work on Homoptera (Insecta), include the following common and widely distributed host plant species within the Northern Hemisphere: Dryas octopetala, Chamerion angustifolium, dwarf Salix species including S. lapponum, and Calluna vulgaris/Erica cinerea.

Accession: 003162149

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.2307/1551747

Download PDF Full Text: Host-specific insect herbivores as sensors of climate change in arctic and alpine environments

Related references

Winter climate change in snow-rich environments Reactions of arctic and alpine plant communities. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 88: 362, 2003

Tannin levels in arctic willows Consequences of climate change for Arctic herbivores. THE ARCTIC DIVISION OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE Circumpolar information exchange: Shrinking the circumpolar community : 136, 1994

Potential host colonization by insect herbivores in a warmer climate: a transplant experiment. Global change biology 13(8): 1539-1549, 2007

Linking climate change and species invasion: an illustration using insect herbivores. Global change biology 13(8): 1605-1615, 2007

Climate change in alpine environments. 2012

Direct and indirect effects of climate change on insect herbivores: Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera). Ecological Entomology 23(1): 45-52, 1998

Climate change triggers effects of fungal pathogens and insect herbivores on litter decomposition. Acta Oecologica 60: 49-56, 2014

Use of dens by red Vulpes vulpes and arctic Alopex lagopus foxes in alpine environments: Can inter-specific competition explain the non-recovery of Norwegian arctic fox populations?. Wildlife Biology 5(3): 167-176, Sept, 1999

Variability in the sensitivity of arctic and alpine treeline to climate change. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts 86: 25, 2001

Herbivory in global climate change research: direct effects of rising temperature on insect herbivores. Global Change Biology 8(1): 1-16, 2002

Facilitation among plants in alpine environments in the face of climate change. Frontiers in Plant Science 5: 387-387, 2014

Predicted responses of arctic and alpine ecosystems to altered seasonality under climate change. Global Change Biology 20(10): 3256-3269, 2015

Climate Change Impacts on Arctic Freshwater Ecosystems and Fisheries || General Effects of Climate Change on Arctic Fishes and Fish Populations. Ambio: A Journal of the Human Environment 35(7): 370-380, 2006

Climate change and impacts on human health in the Arctic: an international workshop on emerging threats and the response of Arctic communities to climate change. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 68(1): 84-91, 2009

Comparative phylogeography highlights the double-edged sword of climate change faced by arctic- and alpine-adapted mammals. Plos One 10(3): E0118396-E0118396, 2016