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Human ehrlichiosis in Thailand

Lancet 350(9080): 785-786

Human ehrlichiosis in Thailand

Hotien county in Xinjiang province is an area of severe iodine deficiency which also has a high infant mortality rate (IMR). The authors investigated whether iodine replacement through iodination of irrigation water would decrease the level of infant mortality. Potassium iodine was added to irrigation water over a 2-4 week period beginning in 1992 in certain areas of Long Ru, Tusala, and Bakechi. The median urinary iodine concentration significantly increased in women of child-bearing age from less than 10 mg/l to 55 mg/l, while IMR decreased in Long Ru from a mean of 58.2/1000 births to 28.7/1000, in Tusala from 47.4/1000 to 19.1/1000, and in Bakechi from 106.2/1000 to 57.3/1000. Similar results were also observed for neonatal mortality. Iodine treatment and time were significant independent predictors of infant mortality.

Accession: 003162827

PMID: 9298007

DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)62571-8

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