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Isolation, cDNA cloning, biological properties, and carbohydrate binding specificity of sieboldin-b, a type II ribosome-inactivating protein from the bark of Japanese elderberry (Sambucus sieboldiana)



Isolation, cDNA cloning, biological properties, and carbohydrate binding specificity of sieboldin-b, a type II ribosome-inactivating protein from the bark of Japanese elderberry (Sambucus sieboldiana)



Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 340(2): 185-194



A type II ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) was isolated from the bark tissue of Japanese elderberry (Sambucus sieboldiana) and named sieboldin-b. Sieboldin-b is a heterodimeric protein consisting of 27- and 33-kDa subunits and showed strong ribosome-inactivating activity in vitro but did not show in vivo toxicity. The amino acid sequence of sieboldin-b deduced from the structure of the cDNA showed that both subunits of sieboldin-b are encoded on a single precursor polypeptide. Sieboldin-b has a structure homologous with the Neu5Ac(alpha 2-6)Gal/GalNAc-specific bark lectin from S. sieboldiana (SSA) and also typical type II RIPs such as ricin and abrin. Detailed analyses of carbohydrate binding properties of sieboldin-b revealed that sieboldin-b binds to Gal/GalNAc, similar to ricin/abrin, in spite of its highly homologous structure with SSA. The biological properties of these toxins/lectins are compared, and the possible explanation for such diversity is discussed.

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Accession: 003185846

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PMID: 9143320

DOI: 10.1006/abbi.1997.9927


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