EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
The pigeon tick (Argas reflexus): its biology, ecology, and epidemiological aspects
Prevalence of hemoglobin abnormalities in Kebili (Tunisian South)
Lipogranuloma: a preventable complication of dacryocystorhinostomy
Value of basal plasma cortisol assays in the assessment of pituitary-adrenal insufficiency
Bees from the Belgian Congo. The acraensis group of Anthophora
Placing gingival retraction cord
Total serum IgE, allergy skin testing, and the radioallergosorbent test for the diagnosis of allergy in asthmatic children
Acariens plumicoles Analgesoidea parasites des oiseaux du Maroc
Injuries of terminal phalanges of the fingers in children
Biology of flowering and nectar production in pear (Pyrus communis)
Das Reliktvorkommen der Aspisviper (Vipera aspis L.) im Schwarzwald
Hydrological modelling of drained blanket peatland
Pathologic morphology and clinical significance of the anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery from the right coronary artery. General review and autopsy analysis of 30 cases
Cyto genetic analyses of lymphocyte cultures after exposure to calcium cyclamate
Axelrodia riesei, a new characoid fish from Upper Rio Meta in Colombia With remarks concerning the genus Axelrodia and description of a similar, sympatric, Hyphessobrycon-species
Favorable evolution of a case of tuberculosis of pancreas under antibiotic action
RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, Valencene, CAS Registry Number 4630-07-3
Parenteral microemulsions: an overview
Temperate pasture: management for grazing and conservation
Evaluation of a new coprocessed compound based on lactose and maize starch for tablet formulation
Thermal expansion and cracking of three confined water-saturated igneous rocks to 800C
Revision of the genera of the tribe Stigmoderini (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) a discussion of phylogenetic relationships
Anal tuberculosis. Report of a case
Gastric tuberculosis in the past and present
Adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to prolonged spaceflight conditions: assessment with Holter monitoring

Lack of relay toxicity in ferret hybrids fed carbaryl-treated prairie dogs


Lack of relay toxicity in ferret hybrids fed carbaryl-treated prairie dogs



Journal of Wildlife Diseases 34(2): 362-364



ISSN/ISBN: 0090-3558

PMID: 9577785

DOI: 10.7589/0090-3558-34.2.362

Carbaryl (1-napthol methylcarbamate) is being considered for control of fleas on prairie dogs (Cynomys spp.) used in black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) recovery in the western United States. The potential for relay toxicity in ferrets was determined by feeding carbaryl treated prairie dogs to black-footed ferret x Siberian polecat (M. eversmanni) hybrids. Adult prairie dogs were treated topically with 2.5 g of commercial 5% carbaryl dust sold as flea powder. After 14 days prairie dogs were killed and fed to ferrets. Potential for relay toxicity was evaluated by analyzing ferret blood cholinesterase (CHe), prairie dog brain Che, and hepatic carbamate concentration. There was no difference between pre- and post-exposure blood CHe activity, nor did treated prairie dog brain CHe differ significantly from controls. Post-exposure blood CHe did not exhibit reactivation after dilution in aqueous buffer. Hepatic carbaryl concentrations were less than detection limits (50 ppb). Based on these results, we conclude that short-term use of carbaryl for flea control on prairie dogs does not pose a hazard of relay toxicity in black-footed ferrets.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 003187963

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Toxicity by relay. III. Safety for the human consumer of the use of Carbadox, a feed additive for swine, as estimated by a 7 years relay toxicity on dogs. Toxicology 11(2): 167-183, 1978

Toxicity by relay part 3 safety for the human consumer of the use of carbadox a feed additive for swine as estimated by a 7 years relay toxicity on dogs. Toxicology 11(2): 167-184, 1978

Ontogeny of black-footed ferret predatory behavior towards prairie dogs. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76(9): 1696-1704, 1998

Challenges to Black-Footed Ferret Recovery Protecting Prairie Dogs. Western North American Naturalist 72(2): 228-240, 2012

Effect of black-footed ferret odors on behavior and reproduction of prairie dogs. Southwestern Naturalist 43(3): 344-351, 1998

Lack of potentiating effect of the pesticides malathion and carbaryl on the toxicity of Candida albicans sepsis in mice. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 363(4 Suppl.): R142, 2001

On the Lack of the Distance-Sense in Prairie-Dogs. Science 16(394): 108, 1890

Toxicity of the carbamate insecticide carbaryl in swine sheep and dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 156(9): 1236-1237, 1970

Acute toxicity of carbaryl and propoxur in mice previously treated with phenobarbitone and SKF 525-A. Arhiv Za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju 29(3): 251-256, 1978

Relative toxicity of carbaryl, 1-naphthol, and three formulations of carbaryl to Channa punctata Bloch. Matsya: 45-47 (8), 1982

Inhibition of mitochondrial bioenergetics by carbaryl is only evident for higher concentrations -- Relevance for carbaryl toxicity mechanisms. Chemosphere 66(3): 404-411, 2007

Relative toxicity of technical grade and formulated carbaryl and 1 naphthol to and carbaryl induced biochemical changes in the fish cirrhinus mrigala. Environmental Pollution Series A Ecological and Biological 34(1): 47-54, 1984

Relay toxicity of meat and liver coming from calves treated with various hormones. Complete results. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de l' Academie des Sciences, D Sciences Naturelles 278(16): 2067-2070, 1974

Relay residue studies: a modification of the relay toxicity approach. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 2(4): 905-907, 1977

9-nitrocamptothecin liposome aerosol: lack of subacute toxicity in dogs. Inhalation Toxicology 14(2): 185-197, 2002