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Major acute phase response of haptoglobin and serum amyloid-P following experimental infection of mice with Trypanosoma brucei brucei



Major acute phase response of haptoglobin and serum amyloid-P following experimental infection of mice with Trypanosoma brucei brucei



Parasitology International 46(4): 247-254



Investigation of the pathophysiological role of the systemic cytokines, including interleukin-1, interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor alpha, in the host response to infection with African trypanosomes is hampered by the low and transient concentrations of these cytokines in plasma. One of the actions of these cytokines is the stimulation of hepatocyte production of acute phase proteins such as serum amyloid-P and haptoglobin. These acute phase proteins are more stable in the circulation than the cytokines and can be measured as a means of assessing the systemic cytokine response in the trypanosome-infected host. The plasma concentrations of serum amyloid-P and haptoglobin were measured in an experimental mouse model of Trypanosoma brucei brucei infection. Both serum amyloid-P and haptoglobin, increased markedly following infection. Peak concentrations of serum amyloid-P at 125 mug/ml and haptoglobin at 2 g/l were attained 10 to 12 days after infection. Thereafter, serum amyloid-P concentration decreased to approximately 40 mug/ml while the haptoglobin concentration remained elevated at approximately 1.5 g/l. The reactions of the serum amyloid-P and haptoglobin following experimental Trypanosoma brucei brucei infection in mice demonstrate that a major acute phase response has occurred indicating that the systemic cytokine network has been activated. Further studies are required to identify whether the response is stimulated by the parasite or indirectly by tissue damage.

Accession: 003194594

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DOI: 10.1016/s1383-5769(97)00034-2

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