Physicochemical properties of Australian flours influencing the texture of yellow alkaline noodles
Ross, A.; Quail, K.; Crosbie, G.
Cereal Chemistry 74(6): 814-820
ISSN/ISBN: 0009-0352 DOI: 10.1094/cchem.1918.104.22.1684
Flour properties of 25 Australian wheat cultivars were examined for their relationship to alkaline noodle quality. Rapid Visco Analyzer (RVA) analyses of flours showed that RVA breakdown and final viscosity determined in both water and dilute sodium carbonate were significantly related to the alkaline noodle firmness, elasticity, and surface smoothness. Flour swelling volume (FSV) of flours was negatively correlated with alkaline noodle firmness and elasticity, and positively correlated with surface smoothness of cooked noodles. Use of a dilute sodium carbonate solution led to overall increases in both paste viscosity and FSV. High FSV and low RVA final viscosity values were associated with both the softest noodles and with cultivars containing a null allele for granule-bound starch synthase on chromosome 4A. Flour protein content and SDS sedimentation volumes were significantly related to noodle texture. The relationship between protein content and noodle firmness was dependent on the Null4A status of the flours and suggested an interaction between starch and protein in determining noodle texture. Multiple regression analysis using flour protein and FSV accounted for 76% of the variation in alkaline noodle firmness. A speculative model of noodle structure was developed based on a concept of the cooked noodle as a composite material.