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Precision of the genotypic correlation estimated from variety trials conducted in incomplete block designs






Theoretical and applied genetics 95(7): 1044-1048

Precision of the genotypic correlation estimated from variety trials conducted in incomplete block designs

Precise assessment of an association among traits of a crop plant is helpful in developing crop-improvement strategies. Two types of association, genotypic correlation and phenotypic correlation, may be used. An estimate of correlation is required along with a measure of precision in terms of standard error. Methods for the evaluation of the standard errors of genotypic and phenotypic correlations are not available in the literature, and when trials are conducted in incomplete blocks an algebraic evaluation of such correlation is cumbersome. Three methods--simulation, jackknife and bootstrap--have been used to evaluate bias and standard errors of genotypic, phenotypic and environmental correlations. We have evaluated their performance with data on grain yield, days-to-heading, and plant height, in barley genotypes in triple lattices. Simulation and jackknife techniques were found to be closer, compared to bootstrap, and can be recommended for assessing the precision of correlation estimates.

Accession: 003237916

DOI: 10.1007/s001220050660

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