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Protected area planning principles and strategies



Protected area planning principles and strategies



Ecotourism: a guide for planners and managers: 133-154



An overview of 11 principles of visitor management is presented: (1) appropriate management requires explicitly stated objectives; (2) diversity of resource, social and managerial conditions in and among protected areas is inevitable and may be desirable; (3) management is directed at influencing human-induced change; (4) impacts on resource and social conditions are inevitable consequences of human life; (5) impacts can be temporally or spatially discontinuous; (6) the use/impact relationship is nonlinear and influenced by many variables; (7) many management problems are not use-density dependent; (8) limiting use is only one of many management options; (9) monitoring is essential to professional management; (10) the decision making process should separate technical decisions from value judgements; and (11) consensus among affected groups about proposed actions is needed for successful implementation of protected area management strategies. Next, the conditions needed to implement a carrying capacity approach are reviewed, focusing on the US context and experience. It is concluded that the carrying capacity approach does not adequately address the needs of protected area management, and an alternative approach, the Limits of Acceptable Change planning system, is proposed.

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Accession: 003245320

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