EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Allopurinol and Loss of Consciousness in a 78-old Year Man Suffering from Gout
The parasites of British birds and mammals. 3XIV-3XVH
Studies on the in vitro synthesis of phi x 174 super helical covalently closed circular duplex dna and circular single stranded dna
The Shahada movement: a peasant movement in Maharashtra (India) - its development and its perspectives
The cranial nerves of Wallago attu
Anatomy of Mystus seenghala IV Nervous system
Haematology of Persian fallow deer (Dama mesopotamica)
Major weeds of rabi and kharif crops and their control
Structure of Morija-Banol iron-ore deposits, Rajasthan, and its control over mineralization
Donkioporia expansa - A lesser known wood destroyer in buildings
The new physiology of vision 3Xin. The testing of color-vision
Economic importance of Pteridophytes
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
Ketoconazole shampoo 1% vs. climbazole shampoo in the treatment of seborrhoeic scalp dermatitis
Economic efficiency of biwall drip irrigation in sugarcane production - a case study in Ankalkhop village in Sangli District of Maharashtra
48,4X-49,5X mosaic: asynchronies among the late-replicating X chromosomes
Compatibility of potassium phosphonate (Akomin-40) with different species of Trichoderma and Gliocladium virens
Enterobacter amnigenus. An unusual human pathogen
The 48 4X 49 4Xy 49 4X iso chromosome yq mosaicism in a 3 year old boy from a twin pregnancy
Placentrex treatment in corneal defects in animals
The biology of human starvation: some new insights
Real-time PCR assays for the specific detection of monkeypox virus West African and Congo Basin strain DNA
Replenishable but depletable resources: water
New insights into bestiality and zoophilia
Thoracic outlet syndrome in Ehlers-Danlos patients as displayed by magnetic resonance imaging, angiography and venography

Recent progress on research and applications of non-digestible galacto-oligosaccharides


Recent progress on research and applications of non-digestible galacto-oligosaccharides



International dairy journal 1: 69-80



ISSN/ISBN: 0958-6946

DOI: 10.1016/s0958-6946(99)00046-1

Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) are non-digestible carbohydrates, which are resistant to gastrointestinal digestive enzymes, but are fermented by specific colonic bacteria. After the discovery of bifidogenic activity of GOS and the development of an industrial production process by transgalactosidase activity of beta-galactosidases. GOS have been extensively studied for their physiological roles on the intestinal flora and functions. GOS are selectively utilized by bifidobacteria in vitro, and show a bifidogenic effect at a daily intake of more than 2.5 g in human studies, whereas at least 5 g are needed to have effects on stool frequency. It is suggested that the products of fermentation of GOS in the colon, mainly short chain fatty acids, have a role in the improvement of the colonic environment, energy supply to the colonic epithelium, and calcium and magnesium absorption. These physiological effects in conjunction with the physicochemical characteristics of GOS enable GOS to be promising prebiotic food ingredients applicable to a variety of designed foods.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 003251350

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Recent progress on galacto-oligosaccharides synthesis by microbial beta-galactosidase--a review. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 48(7): 980-985, 2008

Galacto-Oligosaccharides: Production, Properties, Applications, and Significance as Prebiotics. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 9(5): 438-454, 2010

Optimization of enzymatic production of prebiotic galacto/galacto(arabino)-oligosaccharides and oligomers from potato rhamnogalacturonan I. Carbohydrate Polymers 181: 1153-1159, 2018

Production of high-purity galacto-oligosaccharides by depleting glucose and lactose from galacto-oligosaccharide syrup with yeasts. Yeast 37(9-10): 515-530, 2020

Inulins and other non-digestible oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. Physiological effects, health implications and applications. NutraCos 1(6): 14-18, 2002

A fermented milk concentrate and a combination of short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides/long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides/pectin-derived acidic oligosaccharides protect suckling rats from rotavirus gastroenteritis. British Journal of Nutrition 117(2): 209-217, 2017

Nature and biosynthesis of galacto-oligosaccharides related to oligosaccharides in human breast milk. Fems Microbiology Letters 353(2): 89-97, 2014

Oligosaccharides in Urine, Blood, and Feces of Piglets Fed Milk Replacer Containing Galacto-oligosaccharides. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 63(50): 10862-10872, 2015

Effects of galacto-oligosaccharides and fructo-oligosaccharides on mineral utilization in rats. Nippon Eiyo Shokuryo Gakkaishi = Journal of the Japanese Society of Nutrition and Food Science 44(4): 287-291, 1991

Galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides as prebiotics in infant formulas: a review. Acta Paediatrica 94(Supplement s449): 22-26, 2005

Optimisation of synthesis of oligosaccharides derived from lactulose (fructosyl-galacto-oligosaccharides) with β-galactosidases of different origin. Food Chemistry 138(4): 2225-2232, 2013

In Vitro Fermentation of Porcine Milk Oligosaccharides and Galacto-oligosaccharides Using Piglet Fecal Inoculum. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 64(10): 2127-2133, 2016

Galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides as prebiotics in infant formulas: a review. Acta Paediatrica . Supplement 94(449): 22-26, 2005

An Efficient Method for the Synthesis of 2,6-Branched Galacto-Oligosaccharides and Its Applications to the Synthesis of Three Tetrasaccharides and a Hexasaccharide Related to the Arabinogalactans (Ags). Synlett 14: 2208-2212, 2003

Normal Growth of Healthy Infants Born from HIV+ Mothers Fed a Reduced Protein Infant Formula Containing the Prebiotics Galacto-Oligosaccharides and Fructo-Oligosaccharides: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics 9: 37-47, 2015