Section 4
Chapter 3,255

Regulatory role of cAMP in transport of Na+, Cl- and short-chain fatty acids across sheep ruminal epithelium

Gäbel, G.; Butter, H.; Martens, H.

Experimental Physiology 84(2): 333-345


ISSN/ISBN: 0958-0670
PMID: 10226174
DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-445x.1999.01758.x
Accession: 003254242

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Sodium is absorbed in considerable amounts across the ruminal epithelium, whilst its transport is strongly interrelated with the permeation of chloride and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). However, regulation of ruminal Na+, Cl-, and SCFA absorption is hardly understood. The present study was therefore performed to characterize the influence of cAMP on sodium and sodium-coupled transport mechanisms in short-circuited, stripped ruminal epithelia of sheep. Elevation of intracellular cAMP concentrations by theophylline (10 mM) or theophylline in combination with forskolin (0.1 mM) significantly reduced mucosal-to-serosal sodium transport, leading to a reduction of net transport. The theophylline- or theophylline-forskolin-induced reduction of sodium transport was accompanied by a decrease in chloride net transport but revealed no effect on propionate flux. Short-chain fatty acids stimulated Na+ transport but their stimulatory effect was almost completely blocked by theophylline-forskolin. In solutions with and without SCFAs, the inhibitory effect of 1 mM amiloride on sodium transport was strongly reduced after theophylline-forskolin pretreatment of the tissues. Blocking the production of endogenous prostaglandins by addition of indomethacin (10 microM) led to a theophylline-sensitive stimulation of unidirectional and net fluxes of sodium. The findings indicate that apical, amiloride-sensitive Na+-H+ exchange and/or basolateral Na+-K+-ATPase can effectively be blocked by cAMP, leading to a decrease in sodium and chloride transport. In the ruminal epithelium, cAMP is a second messenger of prostaglandins, which are released spontaneously under in vitro conditions.

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