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Repleting hemoglobin in iron deficiency anemia in young children through liquid milk fortification with bioavailable iron amino acid chelate



Repleting hemoglobin in iron deficiency anemia in young children through liquid milk fortification with bioavailable iron amino acid chelate



Journal of the American College of Nutrition 17(2): 187-194



Objective: To determine if repletion of hemoglobin was achievable in young children presenting both severe (less than or equal to 9.4 g hemoglobin/dL blood) and less severe iron deficiency anemia (9.5 to 11.0 g hemoglobin/dL blood) through fortification of liquid 3.3% butterfat milk with a bioavailable ferrous iron amino acid chelate (Ferrochel) at 3 mg iron/liter/day. Methods: A group of 185 children were selected from Tupa, Brazil who presented the above two stages of iron deficiency anemia plus normalcy. Initially, 54% had severe iron deficiency anemia, 33% were less severely anemic and 13% had normal hemoglobin concentrations. They received iron-fortified milk for a mean of 222 +/-2 days. Hemoglobin concentrations were measured initially, at 133 +/- 13 days, and at 222 +/- 2 days. Results: By mean 222 days, 57% of the childrens' hemoglobins were normal. Highest rates of repletion were in the initially severe anemic group. Repeated measures ANOVAs demonstrated that hemoglobins at 0, 133 and 222 days for the total group, as well as for the severe and less severe iron deficiency anemic groups, represented statistically different populations at alpha=0.0005. Children with initially normal hemoglobin concentrations showed no change at 0, 133 and 222 days (alpha=0.10), suggesting the possibility of absorptive regulation of this form of iron. Conclusions: Low hemoglobin concentrations in young children can be increased through daily consumption of fluid milk fortified with 3 mg ferrous amino acid chelate (Ferrochel).

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Accession: 003256588

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9550463

DOI: 10.1080/07315724.1998.10718745


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