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Sn-1-Acylglycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase of Escherichia coli causes insertion of cis-11 eicosenoic acid into the sn-2 position of transgenic rapeseed oil



Sn-1-Acylglycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase of Escherichia coli causes insertion of cis-11 eicosenoic acid into the sn-2 position of transgenic rapeseed oil



Molecular Breeding 4(1): 39-46



The plsC gene of Escherichia coli encoding sn-1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase was modified by inserting an endoplasmic reticulum retrieval signal to its 3' end and introduced into rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) plants under the control of a napin promotor. In developing seeds from transgenic plants an sn-1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase activity was detectable which showed substrate specificities typical of the E. coli enzyme. Moreover, seed oil from the transformants unlike that from untransformed plants contained substantial amounts of triacylglycerol species esterified with very-long-chain fatty acids at each glycerol position. Analysis of fatty acids at the sn-2 position of triacylglycerol showed hardly any very-long-chain fatty acids in untransformed plants, but in certain transformants these fatty acids were present, namely about 4% erucic acid and 9% eicosenoic acid. These data demonstrate that the bacterial acyltransferase can function in developing rapeseed and alters the stereochemical composition of transgenic rape seed oil by directing very-long-chain fatty acids, especially cis-11 eicosenoic acid, to its sn-2 position.

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Accession: 003273834

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DOI: 10.1023/a:1009615229344


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