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Temperature effects on efficacy of Choetospila elegans (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to suppress Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) in stored wheat



Temperature effects on efficacy of Choetospila elegans (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to suppress Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) in stored wheat



Journal of Economic Entomology 91(1): 320-323



Laboratory studies were conducted to assess the effectiveness of the parasitoid wasp Choetospila elegans (Westwood) for controlling Rhyzopertha dominica (F.), lesser grain borer, in wheat at 32 and 25 degrees C. The 2 temperature regimes were used to simulate an unaerated bin of wheat and a bin aerated at harvest time. Two adult male and 2 adult female R. dominica were each released into containers with 19 kg of hard red winter wheat. An equal number of adult C. elegans were released into half of the containers. Half the containers were kept at 25 degrees C and half at 32 degrees C. Suppression of R. dominica population growth by C. elegans was much greater at 25 than at 32 degrees C. After 161 d, R. dominica density in the containers with C. elegans was 9,185/kg at 32 degrees C, and 10/kg at 25 degrees C. At 25 degrees C, C. elegans was able to locate and parasitize most of the larvae that were produced by the adult beetles. This resulted in a very high level of population suppression (99% in comparison to the control at 25 degrees C). In contrast, at 32 degrees C, beetle suppression was only 50% in comparison to containers without C. elegans at this temperature. This study suggests that when augmentative parasite releases are made with C. elegans, better host suppression would be achieved by cooling the grain to 25 degrees C shortly after harvest, rather than leaving it unaerated for the summer.

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Accession: 003293786

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DOI: 10.1093/jee/91.1.320



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