The effect of dietary energy concentration and lysine/digestible energy ratio on growth performance and nitrogen deposition of young hybrid pigs
Lunen, T.A. van; Cole, D.J.A.
Animal Science 67(1): 117-129
An experiment was conducted to examine the effects of dietary lysine/digestible energy (DE) ratio (g/MJ) and dietary energy concentration on growth performance and body composition of young hybrid gilts from 9.1 to 25.4 kg live weight. Seven pigs were assigned to each of 10 dietary treatments consisting of Iysine/DE ratios from 0.6 to 1.4 in 0.2 g/MJ increments and two DE concentrations (14.25 and 16.40 MJ/kg). Food was provided ad libitum and at 25.4 kg all pigs were slaughtered and body composition was determined. Responses to lysine/DE ratios were different for each DE concentration. The pigs given the 16.40 MJ/kg DE diets had a higher daily live-weight gain (DLWG) and nitrogen deposition rate (NDR) than those given the 14.25 MJ/kg diets up to the 1.2 g/ MJ lysine/DE ratio. Beyond this point no DE effects were evident. Lipid deposition rate (LDR) was higher for all 16-40 MJ/kg diets as compared with the 14.25 MJ/kg diets and decreased with increasing lysine/DE ratio. The 14.25 MJ/kg diets resulted in increasing efficiency of nitrogen and gross energy utilization with increasing lysine/DE ratio up to the 1.0 g/MJ ratio after which it declined. Efficiency of lipid utilization decreased with increasing lysine/DE ratio for all 14.25 MJ/kg diets. The 16.40 MJ/kg diets resulted in a decrease in nitrogen and gross energy utilization efficiency with increasing lysine/DE ratio while lipid efficiency decreased up to the 1.0 g/MJ lysine/DE ratio after which it increased. Young hybrid pigs given high energy diets appear to be less sensitive to dietary lysine/DE ratio than those given lower energy diets. The optimum lysine/DE ratio for the genotype tested from 9 to 25 kg live weight was of the order of 1.2 g/MJ for both DE concentrations. The maximum DLWG and NDR of the genotype tested over the live-weight range of 9 to 25 kg appears to be of the order of 620 and 17 g/day (106 g/day protein deposition rate) respectively.